7ז׳
1 א

חֲמִשָּׁה שֶׁמִּלְאוּ חֲמִשָּׁה חָבִיּוֹת לְקַדְּשָׁן חֲמִשָּׁה קִדּוּשִׁין, וְנִמְלְכוּ לְקַדְּשָׁן קִדּוּשׁ אֶחָד, אוֹ לְקַדְּשָׁן קִדּוּשׁ אֶחָד וְנִמְלְכוּ לְקַדְּשָׁן חֲמִשָּׁה קִדּוּשִׁין, הֲרֵי כֻלָּן כְּשֵׁרִים. יָחִיד שֶׁמִּלֵּא חָמֵשׁ חָבִיּוֹת לְקַדְּשָׁן חֲמִשָּׁה קִדּוּשִׁין, וְנִמְלַךְ לְקַדְּשָׁן קִדּוּשׁ אֶחָד, אֵין כָּשֵׁר אֶלָּא אַחֲרוֹן. לְקַדְּשָׁן קִדּוּשׁ אֶחָד וְנִמְלַךְ לְקַדְּשָׁן חֲמִשָּׁה קִדּוּשִׁין, אֵין כָּשֵׁר אֶלָּא זֶה שֶׁקִּדֵּשׁ רִאשׁוֹן. אָמַר לְאֶחָד, קַדֵּשׁ לְךָ אֶת אֵלּוּ, אֵין כָּשֵׁר אֶלָּא רִאשׁוֹן. קַדֵּשׁ לִי אֶת אֵלּוּ, הֲרֵי כֻלָּם כְּשֵׁרִים:

If five men filled five jars to prepare with them five mixtures, and then they changed their minds to prepare one mixture from all of them, or if they filled the jars to prepare with them one mixture and then they changed their minds to prepare with them five mixtures, all the water remains valid. If one man filled five jars intending to prepare five [separate] mixtures, [even though] he changed his mind to prepare one mixture from all of them, only the last is valid. If he intended to prepare one mixture from all of them and then he changed his mind to prepare five separate mixtures, only the water in the one that was mixed first is valid. If he said to another man, "Prepare mixtures from these for yourself," only the first is valid; But if he said, "Prepare a mixture from these for me," all are valid.

2 ב

הַמְמַלֵּא בְאַחַת יָדוֹ וְעוֹשֶׂה מְלָאכָה בְאַחַת יָדוֹ, הַמְמַלֵּא לוֹ וּלְאַחֵר, אוֹ שֶׁמִּלֵּא לִשְׁנַיִם כְּאַחַת, שְׁנֵיהֶן פְּסוּלִין, שֶׁהַמְּלָאכָה פוֹסֶלֶת בַּמִּלּוּי, בֵּין לוֹ בֵּין לְאַחֵר:

One who filled the water with one hand and did some other work with the other hand, or filled the water for himself and for another man, or filled two jars at the same time, the water of both is invalid, for work causes invalidity whether one acts for oneself or for another person.

3 ג

הַמְקַדֵּשׁ בְּאַחַת יָדוֹ וְעוֹשֶׂה מְלָאכָה בְאַחַת יָדוֹ, אִם לוֹ, פָּסוּל. וְאִם לְאַחֵר, כָּשֵׁר. הַמְקַדֵּשׁ לוֹ וּלְאַחֵר, שֶׁלּוֹ פָּסוּל, וְשֶׁל אַחֵר כָּשֵׁר. הַמְקַדֵּשׁ לִשְׁנַיִם כְּאֶחָד, שְׁנֵיהֶן כְּשֵׁרִין:

One who prepared the mixture with one hand and did some other work with the other hand, the mixture is invalid if he prepared it for himself, but if he prepared it for another man, it is valid. If he prepared a mixture both for himself and for another man, his is invalid and that of the other man is valid. If he prepares mixtures for two men simultaneously, both are valid.

4 ד

קַדֵּשׁ לִי וַאֲקַדֵּשׁ לָךְ, הָרִאשׁוֹן כָּשֵׁר. מַלֵּא לִי וַאֲמַלֵּא לָךְ, הָאַחֲרוֹן כָּשֵׁר. קַדֵּשׁ לִי וַאֲמַלֵּא לָךְ, שְׁנֵיהֶם כְּשֵׁרִים. מַלֵּא לִי וַאֲקַדֵּשׁ לָךְ, שְׁנֵיהֶם פְּסוּלִים:

[If one said to another] "Prepare the mixture for me and I will prepare the one for you," the first is valid. [If he said,] "Fill the water for me and I will fill the water for you," that of the latter is valid. [If he said,] "Prepare the mixture for me and I will draw the water for you," both mixtures are valid. [If he said,] "Fill the water for me and I will prepare the mixture for you’, both mixtures are invalid.

5 ה

הַמְמַלֵּא לוֹ וּלְחַטָּאת, מְמַלֵּא אֶת שֶׁלּוֹ תְּחִלָּה וְקוֹשְׁרוֹ בָאֵסֶל וְאַחַר כָּךְ מְמַלֵּא אֶת שֶׁל חַטָּאת. וְאִם מִלֵּא שֶׁל חַטָּאת תְּחִלָּה וְאַחַר כָּךְ מִלֵּא אֶת שֶׁלּוֹ, פָּסוּל. נוֹתֵן אֶת שֶׁלּוֹ לַאֲחוֹרָיו וְאֶת שֶׁל חַטָּאת לְפָנָיו. וְאִם נָתַן אֶת שֶׁל חַטָּאת לַאֲחוֹרָיו, פָּסוּל. הָיוּ שְׁנֵיהֶן שֶׁל חַטָּאת, נוֹתֵן אֶחָד לְפָנָיו וְאֶחָד לַאֲחוֹרָיו, וְכָשֵׁר, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאִי אֶפְשָׁר:

One who is drawing water for his own use and for the mixture of the hatat, he must draw for himself first and fasten [the bucket] to the carrying pole and then he can draw the water for the hatat. If he drew first the water for the hatat and then he drew the water for himself, it is invalid. He must put his own behind him and that for the hatat before him, and if he put that for the hatat behind him it is invalid. If both were for the hatat, he may put one before him and one behind him and both are valid, since it is impossible to do otherwise.

6 ו

הַמּוֹלִיךְ אֶת הַחֶבֶל בְּיָדוֹ לְדַרְכּוֹ, כָּשֵׁר. וְשֶׁלֹּא לְדַרְכּוֹ, פָּסוּל. זֶה הָלַךְ לְיַבְנֶה שְׁלשָׁה מוֹעֲדוֹת, וּבְמוֹעֵד שְׁלִישִׁי הִכְשִׁירוּ לוֹ הוֹרָאַת שָׁעָה:

One who carries the rope in his hand, If in his usual manner, the mixture is valid; But if not in his usual manner, it is invalid. The question was sent on to Yavneh on three festivals and on the third festival, it was ruled that the mixture was valid, as a temporary measure.

7 ז

הַמְכַנֵּן אֶת הַחֶבֶל עַל יָד עַל יָד, כָּשֵׁר. וְאִם כִּנְּנוֹ בָאַחֲרוֹנָה, פָּסוּל. אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹסֵי, לָזֶה הִכְשִׁירוּ הוֹרָאַת שָׁעָה:

If a man coils the rope around his hand little by little, [the mixture] is valid; But if he coiled it afterwards, it is invalid. Rabbi Yose said: this also had been ruled to be valid as a temporary measure.

8 ח

הַמַּצְנִיעַ אֶת הֶחָבִית שֶׁלֹּא תִשָּׁבֵר, אוֹ שֶׁכְּפָאָהּ עַל פִּיהָ עַל מְנָת לְנַגְּבָהּ לְמַלֹּאת בָּהּ, כָּשֵׁר. לְהוֹלִיךְ בָּהּ אֶת הַקִּדּוּשׁ, פָּסוּל. הַמְפַנֶּה חֲרָסִין מִתּוֹךְ הַשֹּׁקֶת בִּשְׁבִיל שֶׁתַּחֲזִיק מַיִם הַרְבֵּה, כְּשֵׁרִין. וְאִם בִּשְׁבִיל שֶׁלֹּא יִהְיוּ מְעַכְּבִין אוֹתוֹ בְשָׁעָה שֶׁהוּא זוֹלֵף אֶת הַמַּיִם, פָּסוּל:

One who puts the jar away in order that it shall not be broken, or if he inverted it in order to dry it, [If he did one of these things] so that he might draw more water with it, [the water he had already drawn] is valid; But if he intended to carry in it the ashes, it is invalid. One who cleared potsherds from a trough: If in order that it may hold more water, the water is valid; But if he intended that they should not hinder him when he pours out the water, it is invalid.

9 ט

מִי שֶׁהָיוּ מֵימָיו עַל כְּתֵפוֹ וְהוֹרָה הוֹרָאָה, וְהֶרְאָה לַאֲחֵרִים אֶת הַדֶּרֶךְ, וְהָרַג נָחָשׁ וְעַקְרָב, וְנָטַל אֳכָלִים לְהַצְנִיעָם, פָּסוּל. אֳכָלִין לְאָכְלָן, כָּשֵׁר. הַנָּחָשׁ וְהָעַקְרָב שֶׁהָיוּ מְעַכְּבִים אוֹתוֹ, כָּשֵׁר. אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה, זֶה הַכְּלָל, כָּל דָּבָר שֶׁהוּא מִשּׁוּם מְלָאכָה, בֵּין עָמַד בֵּין לֹא עָמַד, פָּסוּל. דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ מִשּׁוּם מְלָאכָה, עָמַד, פָּסוּל. וְאִם לֹא עָמַד, כָּשֵׁר:

One was carrying his water on his shoulder and he ruled in a matter of law, or showed others the way, or killed a snake or a scorpion, or picked up food in order to store it, it [the water] is invalid; But [if he picked up] food to eat, it is valid. [And if he killed] a snake or a scorpion that hindered him, it remains valid. Rabbi Judah said: this is the general rule: If the act was is in the nature of work, the mixture is invalid whether the man stopped or not, If it was not in the nature of work: If he stopped, it is invalid; But if he did not stop it remains valid.

10 י

הַמּוֹסֵר מֵימָיו לְטָמֵא, פְּסוּלִין. וּלְטָהוֹר, כְּשֵׁרִין. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אַף לְטָמֵא כְּשֵׁרִין, אִם לֹא עָשׂוּ הַבְּעָלִים מְלָאכָה:

If one gave over his water to someone who was unclean, it is invalid. But if to a clean one it is valid. Rabbi Eliezer says: even if it was entrusted to an unclean man it is valid, provided the owner did no other work in the meantime.

11 יא

שְׁנַיִם שֶׁהָיוּ מְמַלְּאִין לְחַטָּאת, וְהִגְבִּיהוּ זֶה עַל זֶה וְנָטַל זֶה לָזֶה קוֹצוֹ, בְּקִדּוּשׁ אֶחָד, כָּשֵׁר. בִּשְׁנֵי קִדּוּשִׁין, פָּסוּל. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, אַף בִּשְׁנֵי קִדּוּשִׁין כָּשֵׁר, אִם הִתְנוּ בֵינֵיהֶן:

Two men who were drawing water for the hatat and one assisted the other to raise it or one pulled out a thorn for the other: For one mixture, it is valid; For two mixtures, it is invalid. Rabbi Yose says: even if there are to be two mixtures it is valid if they had made a mutual agreement between them.

12 יב

הַפּוֹרֵץ עַל מְנָת לִגְדֹּר, כָּשֵׁר. וְאִם גָּדַר, פָּסוּל. הָאוֹכֵל עַל מְנָת לִקְצוֹת, כָּשֵׁר. וְאִם קָצָה, פָּסוּל. הָיָה אוֹכֵל וְהוֹתִיר וְזָרַק מַה שֶּׁבְּיָדוֹ לְתַחַת הַתְּאֵנָה אוֹ לְתוֹךְ הַמֻּקְצֶה בִּשְׁבִיל שֶׁלֹּא יֹאבַד, פָּסוּל:

One who broke down a fence [even] with the intention of putting it up again, the water remains valid; But if he put a fence up, the water becomes invalid. If he ate figs intending to store some of them, the water is valid; But if he stored figs it is invalid. If he was eating figs and, leaving some over, threw what was in his hand under the fig tree or among drying figs in order that it shall not be wasted, the water is invalid.