5ה׳
1 א

הַמֵּבִיא כְּלִי חֶרֶס לְחַטָּאת, טוֹבֵל וְלָן עַל הַכִּבְשָׁן. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אַף מִן הַבַּיִת הוּא מֵבִיא וְכָשֵׁר, שֶׁהַכֹּל נֶאֱמָנִים עַל הַחַטָּאת. וּבַתְּרוּמָה, פּוֹתֵחַ אֶת הַכִּבְשָׁן וְנוֹטֵל. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, מִן הַסֵּדֶר הַשֵּׁנִי. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, מִן הַסֵּדֶר הַשְּׁלִישִׁי:

He who brings the earthen vessel for the hatat must immerse, and spend the night by the furnace. Rabbi Judah says: he may also bring it from the house and it is valid, for all are deemed trustworthy in regard to the hatat. In the case of terumah one may open the furnace and take out [the vessel]. Rabbi Shimon says: from the second row. Rabbi Yose says: from the third row.

2 ב

הַמַּטְבִּיל כְּלִי לְחַטָּאת בְּמַיִם שֶׁאֵינָם רְאוּיִים לְקַדֵּשׁ, צָרִיךְ לְנַגֵּב. בְּמַיִם שֶׁהֵם רְאוּיִים לְקַדֵּשׁ, אֵינוֹ צָרִיךְ לְנַגֵּב. אִם לְהוֹסִיף לְתוֹכוֹ מַיִם מְקֻדָּשִׁין, בֵּין כָּךְ וּבֵין כָּךְ צָרִיךְ לְנַגֵּב:

If one immersed a vessel for the hatat in water that is not fit for the mixing he must dry it; If in water that is fit for the mixing he need not dry it. But if [he intended] to collect in it water that was already mixed with the ashes, he must dry it in either case.

3 ג

קֵרוּיָה שֶׁהִטְבִּילוּהָ בְמַיִם שֶׁאֵין רְאוּיִין לְקַדֵּשׁ, מְקַדְּשִׁין בָּהּ עַד שֶׁתִּטְמָא. נִטְמְאָה, אֵין מְקַדְּשִׁין בָּהּ. רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אוֹמֵר, אִם מְקַדֵּשׁ הוּא בָהּ בַּתְּחִלָּה, אַף בַּסּוֹף יְקַדֵּשׁ בָּהּ. אִם אֵינוֹ מְקַדֵּשׁ בָּהּ בַּסּוֹף, אַף לֹא בַתְּחִלָּה. בֵּין כָּךְ וּבֵין כָּךְ, לֹא יוֹסִיף לְתוֹכָהּ מַיִם מְקֻדָּשִׁים:

If a pumpkin shell was immersed in water that was not fit for the mixing, it is permissible to mix in it the ashes with the water, as long as it had not been defiled. If it has been defiled, one cannot mix in it the ashes with the water. Rabbi Joshua says: if one is allowed to mix in it the ashes and water at the beginning, one should also be allowed to do so at the end; and if one is not allowed to do this at the end one should not be allowed to do it at the beginning. In either case it is not permissible to collect in it water that has already had ashes mixed in.

4 ד

שְׁפוֹפֶרֶת שֶׁחֲתָכָהּ לְחַטָּאת, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, יַטְבִּיל מִיָּד. רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אוֹמֵר, יְטַמֵּא וְיַטְבִּיל. הַכֹּל כְּשֵׁרִים לְקַדֵּשׁ, חוּץ מֵחֵרֵשׁ שׁוֹטֶה וְקָטָן. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה מַכְשִׁיר בְּקָטָן, וּפוֹסֵל בְּאִשָּׁה וּבְאַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס:

A reed pipe that was cut [for use as a container] for the hatat: Rabbi Eliezer says: it must be immersed immediately. Rabbi Joshua ruled: he defiles it and then immerses it. All are eligible to prepare the mixture, except a deaf mute, an imbecile and a minor. Rabbi Judah says a minor is eligible, but disqualifies a woman and a hermaphrodite.

5 ה

בְּכָל הַכֵּלִים מְקַדְּשִׁים, אֲפִלּוּ בִכְלֵי גְלָלִים, בִּכְלֵי אֲבָנִים, וּבִכְלֵי אֲדָמָה. וּבִסְפִינָה, מְקַדְּשִׁין בָּהּ. אֵין מְקַדְּשִׁין לֹא בְדָפְנוֹת הַכֵּלִים, וְלֹא בְשׁוּלֵי הַמַּחַץ, וְלֹא בִמְגוּפַת הֶחָבִית, וְלֹא בְחָפְנָיו, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵין מְמַלְּאִין וְאֵין מְקַדְּשִׁין וְאֵין מַזִּין מֵי חַטָּאת אֶלָּא בְכֶלִי. אֵין מַצִּילִין בְּצָמִיד פָּתִיל אֶלָּא כֵלִים, שֶׁאֵין מַצִּילִים מִיַּד כְּלֵי חֶרֶס אֶלָּא כֵלִים:

They can make the mixture in all kinds of vessels, even in vessels made of cattle dung, of stone or of earth. The mixture may also be prepared in a boat. It may not be prepared in the walls of vessels, or in the sides of a large jug, or in the stopper of a jar, or in one's cupped hands, for one does not fill up, or mix in, or sprinkle the hatat with anything but a vessel. Only on a vessel does tightly fitting cover afford protection, for only in vessels is protection afforded against uncleanness within an earthen vessel.

6 ו

בֵּיצַת הַיּוֹצְרִים, כְּשֵׁרָה. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי פוֹסֵל. בֵּיצַת הַתַּרְנְגֹלֶת, רַבִּי מֵאִיר וְרַבִּי יְהוּדָה מַכְשִׁירִין, וַחֲכָמִים פּוֹסְלִין:

A potters’ egg is fit [as a vessel]. Rabbi Yose rules that it is unfit. A hen's egg: Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Judah rule it is fit [as a vessel]; But the sages rule that it is unfit.

7 ז

הַשֹּׁקֶת שֶׁבַּסֶּלַע, אֵין מְמַלְּאִין בָּהּ וְאֵין מְקַדְּשִׁין בָּהּ וְאֵין מַזִּין מִמֶּנָּה, וְאֵינָהּ צְרִיכָה צָמִיד פָּתִיל, וְאֵינָהּ פּוֹסֶלֶת אֶת הַמִּקְוֶה. הָיְתָה כְלִי וְחִבְּרָהּ בְּסִיד, מְמַלְּאִין בָּהּ וּמְקַדְּשִׁין בָּהּ וּמַזִּין מִמֶּנָּה, וּצְרִיכָה צָמִיד פָּתִיל, וּפוֹסֶלֶת אֶת הַמִּקְוֶה. נִקְּבָה מִלְּמַטָּן, וּפְקָקָהּ בִּסְמַרְטוּט, הַמַּיִם שֶׁבְּתוֹכָהּ פְּסוּלִין, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵינָן עֲגֻלִּים כֶּלִי. מִן הַצַּד וּפְקָקָהּ בִּסְמַרְטוּט, הַמַּיִם שֶׁבְּתוֹכָהּ כְּשֵׁרִים, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֵם עֲגֻלִּים כֶּלִי. עָשׂוּ לָהּ עֲטָרָה שֶׁל טִיט, וְהָלְכוּ הַמַּיִם לְשָׁם, פְּסוּלִין. אִם הָיָה בָרִיא כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּנָּטֵל עִמָּהּ, כְּשֵׁרִים:

It is not permissible to collect the water in a trough set in the stone, nor is it permissible to prepare the mixture in it, nor may the sprinkling be done from it, nor does it require a tightly fitting cover, nor does it render a ritual bath invalid. If it was first a movable vessel and then was subsequently joined to the ground with lime, it is permissible to collect the water in it, to prepare the mixture in it and to sprinkle from it. And it needs a tightly fitting cover and renders a ritual bath invalid. If there was a hole in it below, and he stopped it up with a rag, the water in it is invalid since it is not wholly enclosed by the vessel. If the hole was in the side and it was stopped up with a rag, the water in it is valid since it is wholly enclosed by the vessel. If he made a rim of clay for the vessel and the water had risen to that spot, it is invalid; But if it was solid enough for the vessel to be moved with it, the water is valid.

8 ח

שְׁתֵּי שְׁקָתוֹת שֶׁבְּאֶבֶן אַחַת, קִדֵּשׁ אַחַת מֵהֶם, הַמַּיִם שֶׁבַּשְּׁנִיָּה אֵינָן מְקֻדָּשִׁין. הָיוּ נְקוּבוֹת זוֹ לָזוֹ כִּשְׁפוֹפֶרֶת הַנּוֹד, אוֹ שֶׁהָיוּ הַמַּיִם צָפִין עַל גַּבֵּיהֶן אֲפִלּוּ כִקְלִפַּת הַשּׁוּם, וְקִדֵּשׁ אֶת אַחַת מֵהֶן, הַמַּיִם שֶׁבַּשְּׁנִיָּה מְקֻדָּשִׁין:

If there were two troughs in one stone and the mixture was prepared in one of them, the water in the other is not prepared. If a hole of the size of the spout of a water skin passed from one to the other, or if the water overflowed both, even if only [to a depth of] the thickness of garlic peel, and the mixture was prepared in one of them, the water in the other is also prepared.

9 ט

שְׁתֵּי אֲבָנִים שֶׁהִקִּיפָן זוֹ לָזוֹ וַעֲשָׂאָן שֹׁקֶת, וְכֵן שְׁתֵּי עֲרֵבוֹת, וְכֵן הַשֹּׁקֶת שֶׁנֶּחְלְקָה, הַמַּיִם שֶׁבֵּינֵיהֶם אֵינָן מְקֻדָּשִׁין. עֲשָׂאָן בְּסִיד אוֹ בְגִפְסִים וְהֵן יְכוֹלוֹת לְהִנָּטֵל כְּאַחַת, הַמַּיִם שֶׁבֵּינֵיהֶם מְקֻדָּשִׁין:

If one placed two stones close to one another and made them into a trough, and so also in the case of two kneading troughs, and so also in the case of a trough that was split, the water between them is not deemed to be prepared. If they were joined together with lime or gypsum and they can be moved together, the water between them is deemed to have been prepared.