3ג׳
1 א

יֵשׁ צְרִיכִין הֶכְשֵׁר וְאֵינָן צְרִיכִים מַחֲשָׁבָה, מַחֲשָׁבָה וְהֶכְשֵׁר, מַחֲשָׁבָה וְלֹא הֶכְשֵׁר, לֹא הֶכְשֵׁר וְלֹא מַחֲשָׁבָה. כָּל הָאֳכָלִים הַמְיֻחָדִים לָאָדָם צְרִיכִין הֶכְשֵׁר וְאֵינָן צְרִיכִים מַחֲשָׁבָה:

Some things need to be rendered susceptible [to uncleanness] but they do not need intention, [Other things need] intention and to be rendered susceptible. [Other things] need intention, but do not need to be rendered susceptible, [And other things] need neither to be rendered susceptible nor intention. Any food that is meant for people need to be rendered susceptible, but does not need intention.

2 ב

הַחוֹתֵךְ מִן הָאָדָם, וּמִן הַבְּהֵמָה, וּמִן הַחַיָּה, וּמִן הָעוֹפוֹת, מִנִּבְלַת הָעוֹף הַטָּמֵא, וְהַחֵלֶב בַּכְּפָרִים, וּשְׁאָר כָּל יַרְקוֹת שָׂדֶה חוּץ מִשְּׁמַרְקָעִים וּפִטְרִיּוֹת. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, חוּץ מִכְּרֵשֵׁי שָׂדֶה וְהָרְגִילָה וְנֵץ הֶחָלָב. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, חוּץ מִן הָעַכָּבִיּוֹת. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, חוּץ מִן הַכְּלוּסִין, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ צְרִיכִין מַחֲשָׁבָה וְהֶכְשֵׁר:

That which has been severed from a human, beast, wild animal, bird, or from the carrion of an unclean bird, and the fat in villages. And all kinds of wild vegetables, except for truffles and mushrooms; Rabbi Judah says, except for field-leeks, purslane and ornithagolum. And Rabbi Shimon says: except for cynara sycaria. Rabbi Yose says: except for muscari comusum. Behold all these need both intention and to be rendered susceptible [to uncleanness].

3 ג

נִבְלַת בְּהֵמָה טְמֵאָה בְּכָל מָקוֹם וְנִבְלַת הָעוֹף הַטָּהוֹר בַּכְּפָרִים, צְרִיכִין מַחֲשָׁבָה וְאֵינָן צְרִיכִין הֶכְשֵׁר. נִבְלַת בְּהֵמָה טְהוֹרָה בְּכָל מָקוֹם, וְנִבְלַת הָעוֹף הַטָּהוֹר וְהַחֵלֶב בַּשְּׁוָקִים, אֵינָן צְרִיכִין מַחֲשָׁבָה וְלֹא הֶכְשֵׁר. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, אַף הַגָּמָל וְהָאַרְנֶבֶת וְהַשָּׁפָן וְהַחֲזִיר:

The carrion of an unclean beast at all places, and of a clean bird in villages, need intention but do not need to be rendered susceptible. The carrion of a clean beast in all places, and that of a clean bird and also fat in the market places, require neither intention nor to be rendered susceptible. Rabbi Shimon says: also [the carrion of] the camel, rabbit, hare or pig.

4 ד

הַשֶּׁבֶת, מִשֶּׁנָּתַן טַעְמוֹ בַּקְּדֵרָה, אֵין בּוֹ מִשּׁוּם תְּרוּמָה, וְאֵינוֹ מִטַּמֵּא טֻמְאַת אֳכָלִים. לוּלְבֵי זְרָדִים וְשֶׁל עֲדָל וַעֲלֵי הַלּוּף הַשּׁוֹטֶה, אֵינָן מִטַּמְּאִין טֻמְאַת אֳכָלִים עַד שֶׁיִּמְתֹּקוּ. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, אַף שֶׁל פַּקּוּעוֹת כַּיּוֹצֵא בָהֶם:

The aneth stalk after having given its taste to a dish is no longer subject to the laws of terumah, and also no longer imparts food uncleanness. The young sprouts of hawthorn, of lapidum, or leaves of the wild arum, do not impart food uncleanness until they are sweetened. Rabbi Shimon says: also [the leaves of] the colocynth are like them.

5 ה

הַקֹּשְׁטְ, וְהַחֶמֶס, וְרָאשֵׁי בְשָׂמִים, הַתִּיאָה, וְהַחִלְתִּית, וְהַפִּלְפְּלִין, וְחַלּוֹת חָרִיעַ, נִלְקָחִים בְּכֶסֶף מַעֲשֵׂר וְאֵינָן מִטַּמְּאִין טֻמְאַת אֳכָלִין, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא. אָמַר לוֹ רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן בֶּן נוּרִי, אִם נִלְקָחִים בְּכֶסֶף מַעֲשֵׂר, מִפְּנֵי מָה אֵינָן מִטַּמְּאִין טֻמְאַת אֳכָלִין. וְאִם אֵינָן מִטַּמְּאִין טֻמְאַת אֳכָלִים, אַף הֵם לֹא יִלָּקְחוּ בְכֶסֶף מַעֲשֵׂר:

Costus, amomum, principal spices, [roots of] crowfoot, asafoetida, pepper and lozenges made of saffron may be bought with tithe money, but they do not convey food uncleanness, the words of Rabbi Akiva. Rabbi Yohanan ben Nuri to him: if they may be bought with [second] tithe money, then why should they not impart food uncleanness? And if they do not impart food uncleanness, then they should also not be bought with [second] tithe money?

6 ו

הַפַּגִּין וְהַבֹּסֶר, רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא מְטַמֵּא טֻמְאַת אֳכָלִין. רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן בֶּן נוּרִי אוֹמֵר, מִשֶּׁיָּבֹאוּ לְעוֹנַת הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת. פְּרִיצֵי זֵיתִים וַעֲנָבִים, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי מְטַמְּאִין וּבֵית הִלֵּל מְטַהֲרִין. הַקֶּצַח, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי מְטַהֲרִין, וּבֵית הִלֵּל מְטַמְּאִין. וְכֵן לַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת:

Unripe figs or grapes: Rabbi Akiva says: they convey food uncleanness; Rabbi Yohanan ben Nuri says: [this is only] when they have reached the season when they are liable to tithes. Olives and grapes that have hardened: Bet Shammai says: they are susceptible to uncleanness, Bet Hillel says: they are insusceptible. Black cumin: Bet Shammai says: is not susceptible, Bet Hillel says: it is susceptible. Similarly [they dispute with regard to their liability to] tithes.

7 ז

הַקּוֹר, הֲרֵי הוּא כְעֵץ לְכָל דָּבָר, אֶלָּא שֶׁהוּא נִלְקָח בְּכֶסֶף מַעֲשֵׂר. כַּפְנִיּוֹת, אֳכָלִין, וּפְטוּרוֹת מִן הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת:

The heart of a palm is like wood in every respect, except that it may be bought for [second] tithe money. Unripened dates are considered food, but are exempt from tithes.

8 ח

דָּגִים מֵאֵימָתַי מְקַבְּלִין טֻמְאָה, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, מִשֶּׁיִּצֹּדוּ. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, מִשֶּׁיָּמוּתוּ. רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, אִם יְכוֹלִין לִחְיוֹת. יִחוּר שֶׁל תְּאֵנָה שֶׁנִּפְשַׁח וּמְעֹרֶה בַקְּלִפָּה, רַבִּי יְהוּדָה מְטַהֵר. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, אִם יָכוֹל לִחְיוֹת. תְּבוּאָה שֶׁנֶּעֶקְרָה וּמְעֹרָה אֲפִלּוּ בְשֹׁרֶשׁ קָטָן, טְהוֹרָה:

When do fish become susceptible to uncleanness? Bet Shammai say: after they have been caught. Bet Hillel say: only after they are dead. Rabbi Akiva says: if they can still live. If a branch of a fig tree was broken off, but it was still attached by its bark: Rabbi Judah says: [the fruit] is still not susceptible to uncleanness. But the sages say: [it all depends] whether they could still live. Grain that had been uprooted, but is still attached to the soil even by the smallest of roots, is not susceptible to uncleanness.

9 ט

חֵלֶב בְּהֵמָה טְהוֹרָה, אֵינוֹ מִטַּמֵּא טֻמְאַת נְבֵלוֹת, לְפִיכָךְ הוּא צָרִיךְ הֶכְשֵׁר. חֵלֶב בְּהֵמָה טְמֵאָה, מִטַּמֵּא טֻמְאַת נְבֵלוֹת, לְפִיכָךְ אֵינוֹ צָרִיךְ הֶכְשֵׁר. דָּגִים טְמֵאִים וַחֲגָבִים טְמֵאִים, צְרִיכִין מַחֲשָׁבָה בַּכְּפָרִים:

The fat [of the carcass] of a clean beast is not regarded as unclean with carrion uncleanness; for this reason it must first be made susceptible. The fat of an unclean beast, however, is regarded as unclean with carrion uncleanness; for this reason it need not be made at first susceptible. As for unclean fish and unclean locusts, intention is required in villages.

10 י

כַּוֶּרֶת דְּבוֹרִים, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, הֲרֵי הִיא כְקַרְקַע, וְכוֹתְבִין עָלֶיהָ פְּרוֹזְבּוּל, וְאֵינָהּ מְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה בִמְקוֹמָהּ, וְהָרוֹדֶה מִמֶּנָּה בְּשַׁבָּת חַיָּב חַטָּאת. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, אֵינָהּ כְּקַרְקַע, וְאֵין כּוֹתְבִים עָלֶיהָ פְּרוֹזְבּוּל, וּמְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה בִמְקוֹמָהּ, וְהָרוֹדֶה מִמֶּנָּה בְּשַׁבָּת פָּטוּר:

A bee-hive: Rabbi Eliezer says: it is treated as if it were land; and one can write a prozbul on it security, it is also not susceptible to uncleanness as long as it remains in its own place, and the one who scrapes honey from it on Shabbat is liable to a sin-offering. But the sages say: it is not to be treated as if it were land, and one many not write a prozbul on its security; it is susceptible even if it remains in its own place; and the one who scrapes honey from it on Shabbat is exempt [from a sin-offering].

11 יא

חַלּוֹת דְּבַשׁ, מֵאֵימָתַי מִטַּמְּאוֹת מִשּׁוּם מַשְׁקֶה. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, מִשֶּׁיְּחַרְחֵר. בֵּית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, מִשֶּׁיְּרַסֵּק:

When do honeycombs become susceptible to uncleanness on account of their being regarded as liquids? Bet Shammai says: from the moment he begins to smoke the bees out. But Bet Hillel says: once he breaks up the honeycomb.

12 יב

אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן לֵוִי, עָתִיד הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא לְהַנְחִיל לְכָל צַדִּיק וְצַדִּיק שְׁלשׁ מֵאוֹת וַעֲשָׂרָה עוֹלָמוֹת, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (משלי ח), לְהַנְחִיל אֹהֲבַי יֵשׁ וְאֹצְרֹתֵיהֶם אֲמַלֵּא. אָמַר רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן חֲלַפְתָּא, לֹא מָצָא הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא כְּלִי מַחֲזִיק בְּרָכָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל אֶלָּא הַשָּׁלוֹם, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (תהלים כט), ה' עֹז לְעַמּוֹ יִתֵּן ה' יְבָרֵךְ אֶת עַמּוֹ בַשָּׁלוֹם:

Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: In the world to come the Holy One, Blessed be He, will make each righteous person inherit three hundred and ten worlds, for it is written: "That I may cause those that love me to inherit yesh (numerical value of; and that I may fill their treasuries" (Proverbs 8:21. Rabbi Shimon ben Halafta said: the Holy One, Blessed be He, found no vessel that could contain blessing for Israel save that of peace, as it is written: "The Lord will give strength unto his people; the Lord will bless his people with peace" (Psalms 29:11).