6ו׳
1 א

שְׁלשָׁה מִינִין אֲסוּרִין בַּנָּזִיר, הַטֻּמְאָה וְהַתִּגְלַחַת וְהַיּוֹצֵא מִן הַגָּפֶן. וְכָל הַיּוֹצֵא מִן הַגֶּפֶן מִצְטָרְפִין זֶה עִם זֶה. וְאֵינוֹ חַיָּב עַד שֶׁיֹּאכַל מִן הָעֲנָבִים כַּזָּיִת. מִשְׁנָה רִאשׁוֹנָה, עַד שֶׁיִּשְׁתֶּה רְבִיעִית יַיִן. רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ שָׁרָה פִתּוֹ בְיַיִן וְיֶשׁ בָּהּ כְּדֵי לְצָרֵף כַּזַּיִת, חַיָּב:

Three things are forbidden to a nazirite: ritual defilement, shaving, and products of the vine. All products of the vine join together [to add up to a minimum measure], and he is not liable until he eats an olive’s worth of grapes. According to the earlier mishnah, until he drinks a quarter [of a log] of wine. Rabbi Akiba says: even if he soaked his bread in wine and it is enough to make an olive’s worth he is liable.

2 ב

וְחַיָּב עַל הַיַּיִן בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ, וְעַל הָעֲנָבִים בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָן, וְעַל הַחַרְצַנִּים בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָן, וְעַל הַזַּגִּים בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָן. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן עֲזַרְיָה אוֹמֵר, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב עַד שֶׁיֹּאכַל שְׁנֵי חַרְצַנִּים וְזַגָּן. אֵלּוּ הֵן חַרְצַנִּים וְאֵלּוּ הֵן זַגִּים, הַחַרְצַנִּים אֵלּוּ הַחִיצוֹנִים, הַזַּגִּים אֵלּוּ הַפְּנִימִים, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי יְהוּדָה. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, שֶׁלֹּא תִטְעֶה, כְּזוֹג שֶׁל בְּהֵמָה, הַחִיצוֹן זוֹג וְהַפְּנִימִי עִנְבָּל:

He is liable for wine on its own, for grapes on their own, for grape-skins (hartzanim) on their own and for seeds (zagim) on their own. Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah said: there is no penalty unless he eats two grape-skins and one seed. What are harzanim and what are zagim? Harzanim: those are the outer part, and the zagim are the inner part, according to Rabbi Judah. Rabbi Yose says: that you may not err, [think of] the zug [bell] of an animal, the outer part is called the zug [hood] and the inner part the inbal [clapper].

3 ג

סְתָם נְזִירוּת שְׁלשִׁים יוֹם. גִּלַּח אוֹ שֶׁגִּלְּחוּהוּ לִסְטִים, סוֹתֵר שְׁלשִׁים יוֹם. נָזִיר שֶׁגִּלַּח בֵּין בְּזוּג בֵּין בְּתַעַר אוֹ שֶׁסִּפְסֵף כָּל שֶׁהוּא, חַיָּב. נָזִיר חוֹפֵף וּמְפַסְפֵּס, אֲבָל לֹא סוֹרֵק. רַבִּי יִשְׁמָעֵאל אוֹמֵר, לֹא יָחוֹף בַּאֲדָמָה, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁמַּשֶּׁרֶת אֶת הַשֵּׂעָר:

A nazirite vow of unspecified duration is for thirty days. If [the nazirite] shaved himself or bandits shaved him, it overturns thirty days. A nazirite who shaves himself, whether with scissors or a razor, or who singes [the ends of his hair], even a minimal amount, is liable. A nazirite may shampoo [his hair] and part it [with his fingers] but may not comb it. Rabbi Ishmael says: he is not to cleanse it with dirt because it causes the hair to fall out.

4 ד

נָזִיר שֶׁהָיָה שׁוֹתֶה יַיִן כָּל הַיּוֹם, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב אֶלָּא אֶחָת. אָמְרוּ לוֹ אַל תִּשְׁתֶּה אַל תִּשְׁתֶּה, וְהוּא שׁוֹתֶה, חַיָּב עַל כָּל אַחַת וְאֶחָת. הָיָה מְגַלֵּחַ כָּל הַיּוֹם, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב אֶלָּא אֶחָת. אָמְרוּ לוֹ אַל תְּגַלֵּחַ אַל תְּגַלֵּחַ, וְהוּא מְגַלֵּחַ, חַיָּב עַל כָּל אַחַת וְאֶחָת. הָיָה מִטַּמֵּא לְמֵתִים כָּל הַיּוֹם, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב אֶלָּא אֶחָת. אָמְרוּ לוֹ אַל תִּטַּמָּא אַל תִּטַּמָּא, וְהוּא מִטַּמֵּא, חַיָּב עַל כָּל אַחַת וְאֶחָת:

A nazirite who drank wine all day long is liable for only a single penalty. If they said to him, “do not drink,” “do not drink” and he drank, he is liable for a penalty for each time [they warned him]. [A nazirite who was] shaving all day long is liable for only a single penalty. If they said to him, “do not shave,” “do not shave” and he shaved, he is liable for a penalty for each time [they warned him]. [A nazirite who was] defiling himself with the dead all day long is liable for only a single penalty. If they said to him, “do not be defiled,” “do not be defiled” and he was defiled, he is liable for a penalty for each time [they warned him].

5 ה

שְׁלשָׁה מִינִין אֲסוּרִין בַּנָּזִיר, הַטֻּמְאָה וְהַתִּגְלַחַת וְהַיּוֹצֵא מִן הַגָּפֶן. חֹמֶר בַּטֻּמְאָה וּבַתִּגְלַחַת מִבַּיּוֹצֵא מִן הַגֶּפֶן, שֶׁהַטֻּמְאָה וְהַתִּגְלַחַת סוֹתְרִין, וְהַיּוֹצֵא מִן הַגֶּפֶן אֵינוֹ סוֹתֵר. חֹמֶר בַּיּוֹצֵא מִן הַגֶּפֶן מִבַּטֻּמְאָה וּבַתִּגְלַחַת, שֶׁהַיּוֹצֵא מִן הַגֶּפֶן לֹא הֻתַּר מִכְּלָלוֹ, וְטֻמְאָה וְתִגְלַחַת הֻתְּרוּ מִכְּלָלָן בְּתִגְלַחַת מִצְוָה וּבְמֵת מִצְוָה. וְחֹמֶר בַּטֻּמְאָה מִבַּתִּגְלַחַת, שֶׁהַטֻּמְאָה סוֹתֶרֶת אֶת הַכֹּל וְחַיָּבִין עָלֶיהָ קָרְבָּן, וְתִגְלַחַת אֵינָהּ סוֹתֶרֶת אֶלָּא שְׁלשִׁים יוֹם וְאֵין חַיָּבִין עָלֶיהָ קָרְבָּן:

Three things are forbidden to a nazirite: ritual defilement, shaving and products of the vine. Defilement and shaving have a stringency that products of the vine do not have, in that defilement and shaving annul [the period of naziriteship already observed], whereas [partaking of] products of the vine does not do so. Products of the vine have a stringency that defilement or shaving do not have, in that products of the vine permit of no exception from the general prohibition, whereas defilement and shaving are allowed as exception from the general prohibition in the case where shaving is a religious duty, or where there is a neglected corpse. And defilement has a stringency that shaving does not have, in that defilement annuls the whole [period of naziriteship already served], and [a nazirite who is defiled] is liable for a sacrifice, whereas shaving annuls only thirty days and he is not liable for a sacrifice.

6 ו

תִּגְלַחַת הַטֻּמְאָה כֵּיצַד, הָיָה מַזֶּה בַּשְּׁלִישִׁי וּבַשְּׁבִיעִי, וּמְגַלֵּחַ בַּשְּׁבִיעִי, וּמֵבִיא קָרְבְּנוֹתָיו בַּשְּׁמִינִי. וְאִם גִּלַּח בַּשְּׁמִינִי, מֵבִיא קָרְבְּנוֹתָיו בּוֹ בַיּוֹם, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא. אָמַר לוֹ רַבִּי טַרְפוֹן, מַה בֵּין זֶה לַמְּצֹרָע. אָמַר לוֹ, זֶה טָהֳרָתוֹ תְלוּיָה בְיָמָיו, וּמְצֹרָע טָהֳרָתוֹ תְלוּיָה בְתִגְלַחְתּוֹ, וְאֵינוֹ מֵבִיא קָרְבָּן אֶלָּא אִם כֵּן הָיָה מְעֹרַב שָׁמֶשׁ:

Shaving on account of defilement: How was it done? He would sprinkle [with purification water] on the third and seventh days, shave on the seventh day and bring his sacrifices on the eighth day. If he shaved on the eighth day, he would bring his sacrifices on that same day, the words of Rabbi Akiva. Rabbi Tarfon said to him: what difference is there between this one and a person with scale disease? He said to him: the purification of this one depends on his days, whereas the purification of one with scale disease depends on his shaving, and he cannot bring a sacrifice unless the sun has set upon him [after his purification].

7 ז

תִּגְלַחַת הַטָּהֳרָה כֵּיצַד, הָיָה מֵבִיא שָׁלשׁ בְּהֵמוֹת, חַטָּאת עוֹלָה וּשְׁלָמִים, וְשׁוֹחֵט אֶת הַשְּׁלָמִים, וּמְגַלֵּחַ עֲלֵיהֶם, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי יְהוּדָה. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר אוֹמֵר, לֹא הָיָה מְגַלֵּחַ אֶלָּא עַל הַחַטָּאת, שֶׁהַחַטָּאת קוֹדֶמֶת בְּכָל מָקוֹם. וְאִם גִּלַּח עַל אַחַת מִשְּׁלָשְׁתָּן, יָצָא:

Shaving in a case of purity: How was it done?He would bring three animals, a sin-offering, a burnt-offering, and a well-being offering, slaughter the peace-offering and shave thereafter, the words of Rabbi Judah. Rabbi Elazar says: he shaves after the sin-offering, for in all cases [the sacrifice of] the sin-offering takes precedence. But if he shaved after [the slaughter] of any one of the three he has fulfilled his obligation.

8 ח

רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, הֵבִיא שָׁלשׁ בְּהֵמוֹת וְלֹא פֵרֵשׁ, הָרְאוּיָה לְחַטָּאת תִּקְרַב חַטָּאת, לְעוֹלָה תִּקְרַב עוֹלָה, לִשְׁלָמִים תִּקְרַב שְׁלָמִים. הָיָה נוֹטֵל שְׂעַר רֹאשׁ נִזְרוֹ וּמְשַׁלֵּחַ תַּחַת הַדּוּד. וְאִם גִּלַּח בַּמְּדִינָה הָיָה מְשַׁלֵּחַ תַּחַת הַדּוּד. בַּמֶּה דְבָרִים אֲמוּרִים, בְּתִגְלַחַת הַטָּהֳרָה. אֲבָל בְּתִגְלַחַת הַטֻּמְאָה, לֹא הָיָה מְשַׁלֵּחַ תַּחַת הַדּוּד. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, הַכֹּל מְשַׁלְּחִין תַּחַת הַדּוּד, חוּץ מִן הַטָּמֵא שֶׁבַּמְּדִינָה בִּלְבָד:

Rabban Shimon ben Gamaliel says: if he brought three animals without specifying [what they were for], the one suitable for a sin offering is sacrificed as a sin offering, for a burnt offering as a burnt offering, and for a well-being offering as a well-being offering. He would then take the hair of his nazirite head and threw it under the cauldron. If he shaved in the province he [also] would throw it under the cauldron. With regard to what was this said? With regard to shaving in ritual purity, whereas in shaving [after] ritual defilement he does not throw it under the cauldron. Rabbi Meir says: all [nazirites] throw it under the cauldron, except for the defiled nazirite [who shaved] in the provinces.

9 ט

הָיָה מְבַשֵּׁל אֶת הַשְּׁלָמִים אוֹ שׁוֹלְקָן. הַכֹּהֵן נוֹטֵל אֶת הַזְּרוֹעַ בְּשֵׁלָה מִן הָאַיִל, וְחַלַּת מַצָּה אַחַת מִן הַסַּל, וּרְקִיק מַצָּה אֶחָד, וְנוֹתֵן עַל כַּפֵּי הַנָּזִיר וּמְנִיפָן, וְאַחַר כָּךְ הֻתַּר הַנָּזִיר לִשְׁתּוֹת יַיִן וּלְהִטַּמֵּא לְמֵתִים. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, כֵּיוָן שֶׁנִּזְרַק עָלָיו אֶחָד מִן הַדָּמִים, הֻתַּר הַנָּזִיר לִשְׁתּוֹת בְּיַיִן וּלְהִטַּמֵּא לְמֵתִים:

He would then boil or completely boil the peace-offering. The priest then took the boiled shoulder of the ram, an unleavened cake from the basket, and an unleavened wafer, placed them on the nazirite’s hands and waved them. After this, the nazirite was allowed to drink wine and defile himself for the dead. Rabbi Shimon says: as soon as one kind of blood had been sprinkled on his behalf the nazirite could drink wine and defile himself for the dead.

10 י

גִּלַּח עַל הַזֶּבַח וְנִמְצָא פָסוּל, תִּגְלַחְתּוֹ פְסוּלָה, וּזְבָחָיו לֹא עָלוּ לוֹ. גִּלַּח עַל הַחַטָּאת שֶׁלֹּא לִשְׁמָהּ וְאַחַר כָּךְ הֵבִיא קָרְבְּנוֹתָיו לִשְׁמָן, תִּגְלַחְתּוֹ פְסוּלָה, וּזְבָחָיו לֹא עָלוּ לוֹ. גִּלַּח עַל הָעוֹלָה אוֹ עַל הַשְּׁלָמִים שֶׁלֹּא לִשְׁמָן וְאַחַר כָּךְ הֵבִיא קָרְבְּנוֹתָיו לִשְׁמָן, תִּגְלַחְתּוֹ פְסוּלָה, וּזְבָחָיו לֹא עָלוּ לוֹ. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, אוֹתוֹ הַזֶּבַח לֹא עָלָה לוֹ, אֲבָל שְׁאָר זְבָחִים עָלוּ לוֹ. וְאִם גִּלַּח עַל שְׁלָשְׁתָּן וְנִמְצָא אֶחָד מֵהֶן כָּשֵׁר, תִּגְלַחְתּוֹ כְשֵׁרָה, וְיָבִיא שְׁאָר הַזְּבָחִים:

If he shaves after one of the sacrifices and the sacrifice is found to be invalid, his shaving is invalid and his sacrifices do not count: If he shaves after the sin-offering, which was not offered for its correct designation and then he brought the other sacrifices under their correct designations, his shaving is invalid and [none of] his sacrifices counts for him. [Similarly], if he shaves after the burnt-offering or the wellbeing offering, which have not been offered for their correct designation, and then he brought the other sacrifices under their correct designation, his shaving is invalid and [none of] his sacrifices counts for him. Rabbi Shimon says: that particular sacrifice does not count, but his other sacrifices do count. If he shaved after all three sacrifices and one of them was found to valid, his shaving is valid and he has [only] to bring the other sacrifices.

11 יא

מִי שֶׁנִּזְרַק עָלָיו אֶחָד מִן הַדָּמִים וְנִטְמָא, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, סוֹתֵר אֶת הַכֹּל. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, יָבִיא שְׁאָר קָרְבְּנוֹתָיו וְיִטְהָר. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, מַעֲשֶׂה בְמִרְיָם הַתַּרְמוֹדִית שֶׁנִּזְרַק עָלֶיהָ אֶחָד מִן הַדָּמִים, וּבָאוּ וְאָמְרוּ לָהּ עַל בִּתָּהּ שֶׁהָיְתָה מְסֻכֶּנֶת, וְהָלְכָה וּמְצָאתָהּ שֶׁמֵּתָה, וְאָמְרוּ חֲכָמִים, תָּבִיא שְׁאָר קָרְבְּנוֹתֶיהָ וְתִטְהָר:

If [a nazirite] on whose behalf one kind of blood has been sprinkled becomes unclean, Rabbi Eliezer says: everything is annulled. But the Sages say: he should bring his remaining sacrifices after purification. They said to him: it happened that Miriam the Tadmorite had one kind of blood sprinkled on her behalf, and they came and told her that her daughter was dangerously ill. She went and found her dead and the sages told her to offer her remaining sacrifices after purification.