6ו׳
1 א

אֵלּוּ מְנָחוֹת נִקְמָצוֹת וּשְׁיָרֵיהֶן לַכֹּהֲנִים, מִנְחַת סֹלֶת, וְהַמַּחֲבַת, וְהַמַּרְחֶשֶׁת, וְהַחַלּוֹת, וְהָרְקִיקִין, מִנְחַת גּוֹיִם, מִנְחַת נָשִׁים, מִנְחַת הָעֹמֶר, מִנְחַת חוֹטֵא, וּמִנְחַת קְנָאוֹת. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, מִנְחַת חוֹטֵא שֶׁל כֹּהֲנִים נִקְמֶצֶת, וְהַקֹּמֶץ קָרֵב לְעַצְמוֹ, וְהַשִּׁירַיִם קְרֵבִין לְעַצְמָן:

These grain offerings have a handful taken from them and the remainder goes to the priests: the grain offering of fine flour, that prepared on a griddle, that prepared in a pan, the cakes and the wafers, the grain offering of a non-Jew, the grain offering of women, and the grain offering of the omer [The special barley offering, offered the day after Pesach, which permits grain harvested in the last year to be eaten].a fine grain offering, the frying pan grain offering, the deep-fried grain offering, loaves, wafers, the grain offering of non-Jews, the grain offering of women, the grain offering of the omer, the sinner's grain offering, and the grain offering of jealousy. Rabbi Shimon says, the sinner's grain offering of a priest has its handful removed and is burned separately from the remainder.

2 ב

מִנְחַת כֹּהֲנִים וּמִנְחַת כֹּהֵן מָשִׁיחַ וּמִנְחַת נְסָכִים, לַמִּזְבֵּחַ, וְאֵין בָּהֶם לַכֹּהֲנִים. בָּזֶה יָפֶה כֹחַ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ מִכֹּחַ הַכֹּהֲנִים. שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם וְלֶחֶם הַפָּנִים, לַכֹּהֲנִים, וְאֵין בָּהֶם לַמִּזְבֵּחַ. וּבָזֶה יָפֶה כֹחַ הַכֹּהֲנִים מִכֹּחַ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ:

The grain offering of the priests and the grain offering of the anointed high priest, and the grain offering offered with the libations are [wholly] for the altar and the priests have no share in them. With these the altar has greater power than the priests. The two loaves and the showbread are eaten by the priests and the altar has no share in them; with these the priests have greater power than the altar.

3 ג

כָּל הַמְּנָחוֹת הַנַּעֲשׂוֹת בִּכְלִי טְעוּנוֹת שָׁלשׁ מַתְּנוֹת שֶׁמֶן, יְצִיקָה, וּבְלִילָה, וּמַתַּן שֶׁמֶן בַּכְּלִי קֹדֶם לַעֲשִׂיָּתָן. וְהַחַלּוֹת בּוֹלְלָן, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, סֹלֶת. הַחַלּוֹת טְעוּנוֹת בְּלִילָה, הָרְקִיקִים מְשׁוּחִין. כֵּיצַד מוֹשְׁחָן, כְּמִין כִי. וּשְׁאָר הַשֶּׁמֶן נֶאֱכָל לַכֹּהֲנִים:

All grain offerings that are prepared in a vessel require three applications of oil: pouring, mixing and putting oil in the vessel before they are made. The [baked] loaves were mixed [with oil after breaking into pieces], the words of Rabbi [Judah Hanasi]. But the sages say: [while they were still] fine flour [were they mixed with oil]. The loaves require mixing and the wafers anointing. How did he anoint them? Like [the Greek letter] chi And the rest of the oil was eaten by the priests.

4 ד

כָּל הַמְּנָחוֹת הַנַּעֲשׂוֹת בִּכְלִי, טְעוּנוֹת פְּתִיתָה. מִנְחַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, כּוֹפֵל אֶחָד לִשְׁנַיִם, וּשְׁנַיִם לְאַרְבָּעָה, וּמַבְדִּיל. מִנְחַת כֹּהֲנִים, כּוֹפֵל אֶחָד לִשְׁנַיִם, וּשְׁנַיִם לְאַרְבָּעָה, וְאֵינוֹ מַבְדִּיל. מִנְחַת כֹּהֵן הַמָּשִׁיחַ, לֹא הָיָה מְכַפְּלָהּ. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, מִנְחַת כֹּהֲנִים וּמִנְחַת כֹּהֵן מָשִׁיחַ, אֵין בָּהֶם פְּתִיתָה, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵין בָּהֶם קְמִיצָה, וְכֹל שֶׁאֵין בָּהֶם קְמִיצָה, אֵין בָּהֶן פְּתִיתָה. וְכֻלָּן כַּזֵּיתִים:

All grain offerings prepared in a vessel must be broken into pieces. The grain offering of an Israelite was folded into two and the two were folded into four, and he separated [it at each bend]. The grain offering of priests was folded into two and the two were folded into four, but he does not separate. The grain offering of the anointed high priest was not folded. Rabbi Shimon says: neither the grain offering of the priests nor the grain offering of the anointed high priest was broken in pieces, since the handful was not taken from them, and whenever the handful is not taken [from a grain offering] it is not to be broken in pieces. And they were all an olive's bulk.

5 ה

כָּל הַמְּנָחוֹת טְעוּנוֹת שְׁלשׁ מֵאוֹת שִׁיפָה וַחֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת בְּעִיטָה. וְהַשִּׁיפָה וְהַבְּעִיטָה בַּחִטִּים. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, אַף בַּבָּצֵק. כָּל הַמְּנָחוֹת בָּאוֹת עֶשֶׂר עֶשֶׂר, חוּץ מִלֶּחֶם הַפָּנִים, וַחֲבִתֵּי כֹהֵן גָּדוֹל, שֶׁהֵם בָּאוֹת שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי יְהוּדָה. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, כֻּלָּן בָּאוֹת שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה, חוּץ מֵחַלּוֹת תּוֹדָה וְהַנְּזִירוּת, שֶׁהֵן בָּאוֹת עֶשֶׂר עֶשֶׂר:

All grain offerings must be rubbed three hundred times and beaten five hundred times. The rubbing and the beating [is performed with the grains] of wheat. Rabbi Yose says: also to the dough. All grain offerings consist of ten cakes, except the showbread and the griddle-cakes of the high priest, which consist of twelve cakes , the words of Rabbi Judah. Rabbi Meir says: they all consist of twelve cakes, except the loaves of the thanksgiving offering and of the Nazirite-offering, which consist of ten cakes.

6 ו

הָעֹמֶר הָיָה בָא עִשָּׂרוֹן מִשָּׁלשׁ סְאִין. שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם, שְׁנֵי עֶשְׂרוֹנִים מִשָּׁלשׁ סְאִין. לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים, עֶשְׂרִים וְאַרְבָּעָה עֶשְׂרוֹנִים מֵעֶשְׂרִים וְאַרְבַּע סְאִין:

The omer consisted of one tenth [of an eifah-measure of flour] taken from three se'im [particular measure of volume]. The two loaves--two tenths taken from three se'im. And the showbread--twenty-four tenths taken from twenty-four se'im.

7 ז

הָעֹמֶר הָיָה מְנֻפֶּה בִּשְׁלשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה נָפָה. וּשְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם בִּשְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה. וְלֶחֶם הַפָּנִים בְּאַחַת עֶשְׂרֵה. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, לֹא הָיָה לָהּ קִצְבָּה, אֶלָּא סֹלֶת מְנֻפָּה כָּל צָרְכָּהּ הָיָה מֵבִיא, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא כד), וְלָקַחְתָּ סֹלֶת וְאָפִיתָ אֹתָהּ, עַד שֶׁתְּהֵא מְנֻפָּה כָּל צָרְכָּהּ:

The omer was sifted in thirteen sieves, the two loaves [of Shavuot] in twelve and the showbread in eleven. Rabbi Shimon said there was no fixed [number], rather flour that was sifted as much as necessary was brought as it says (Leviticus 24) "You shall take flour and bake it" - until it has been sifted as much as needed.