11י״א
1 א

שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם נִלּוֹשׁוֹת אַחַת אַחַת, וְנֶאֱפוֹת אַחַת אַחַת. לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים נִלּוֹשׁ אֶחָד אֶחָד, וְנֶאֱפֶה שְׁנַיִם שְׁנָיִם. וּבִטְפוּס הָיָה עוֹשֶׂה אוֹתָן. וּכְשֶׁהוּא רָדָן, נוֹתְנָן בִּטְפוּס, כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא יִתְקַלְקְלוּ:

The Two loaves were kneaded one at a time and baked one at a time. The Panim bread were kneaded one at a time and baked two at a time. They were made in a mold and when he took them out of the oven he would place them in a mold so they wouldn't spoil.

2 ב

אֶחָד שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם וְאֶחָד לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים, לִישָׁתָן וַעֲרִיכָתָן בַּחוּץ, וַאֲפִיָּתָן בִּפְנִים, וְאֵינָן דּוֹחוֹת אֶת הַשַּׁבָּת. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, כָּל מַעֲשֵׂיהֶם בִּפְנִים. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, לְעוֹלָם הֱוֵי רָגִיל לוֹמַר, שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם וְלֶחֶם הַפָּנִים כְּשֵׁרוֹת בָּעֲזָרָה, וּכְשֵׁרוֹת בְּבֵית פָּאגִי:

Both the Two Loaves and the Panim bread, were kneaded and molded outside the temple but baked inside the temple and they do not override Shabbat. Rabbi Yehuda says the entire process took place inside the courtyard. Rabbi Shimon says, one should accustom himself to say, the Two Loaves and the Panim Bread are valid in the courtyard and in the house of Pagi [which was outside the temple].

3 ג

חֲבִתֵּי כֹהֵן גָּדוֹל, לִישָׁתָן וַעֲרִיכָתָן וַאֲפִיָּתָן בִּפְנִים, וְדוֹחוֹת אֶת הַשַּׁבָּת. טִחוּנָן וְהֶרְקֵדָן אֵינָן דּוֹחוֹת אֶת הַשַּׁבָּת. כְּלָל אָמַר רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא, כָּל מְלָאכָה שֶׁאֶפְשָׁר לָהּ לֵעָשׂוֹת מֵעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת, אֵינָה דּוֹחָה אֶת הַשַּׁבָּת. וְשֶׁאִי אֶפְשָׁר לָהּ לֵעָשׂוֹת מֵעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת, דּוֹחָה אֶת הַשַּׁבָּת:

The high priest's cakes were kneaded formed and baked inside the temple courtyard and they override Shabbat. Their grinding and sifting do not override the Shabbat. Rabbi Akiva said a general rule: Anything which can be done before Shabbat does not override the Shabbat, and whatever cannot be done before the Shabbat does override the Shabbat.

4 ד

כָּל הַמְּנָחוֹת יֵשׁ בָּהֶן מַעֲשֵׂה כְלִי בִּפְנִים, וְאֵין בָּהֶן מַעֲשֵׂה כְלִי בַחוּץ. כֵּיצַד. שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם אָרְכָּן שִׁבְעָה וְרָחְבָּן אַרְבָּעָה, וְקַרְנוֹתֵיהֶן אַרְבַּע אֶצְבָּעוֹת. לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים, אָרְכָּן עֲשָׂרָה וְרָחְבָּן חֲמִשָּׁה, וְקַרְנוֹתָיו שֶׁבַע אֶצְבָּעוֹת. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, שֶׁלֹּא תִטְעֶה, זד"ד יה"ז. בֶּן זוֹמָא אוֹמֵר, וְנָתַתָּ עַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן לֶחֶם פָּנִים לְפָנַי תָּמִיד, שֶׁיְּהֵא לוֹ פָנִים:

All flour offerings require a vessel while inside the courtyard but not while outside. How so? The Two Loaves, were seven fists long, four fists wide and their horns were four fingers tall. The Panim Bread was ten fists long, five fists wide and its horns were seven fingers. Rabbi Yehuda said, so one should not err, ZaDad Yehaz [the numeric value of the hebrew letters is 7,4,4 and 10,5,7]. Ben Zoma says "and you shall place on the table Panim bread always" that it must have faces.

5 ה

הַשֻּׁלְחָן, אָרְכּוֹ עֲשָׂרָה, וְרָחְבּוֹ חֲמִשָּׁה. לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים, אָרְכָּן עֲשָׂרָה וְרָחְבָּן חֲמִשָּׁה. נוֹתֵן אָרְכּוֹ כְּנֶגֶד רָחְבּוֹ שֶׁל שֻׁלְחָן, וְכוֹפֵל טְפָחַיִם וּמֶחֱצָה מִכָּאן וּטְפָחַיִם וּמֶחֱצָה מִכָּאן, נִמְצָא אָרְכּוֹ מְמַלֵּא כָּל רָחְבּוֹ שֶׁל שֻׁלְחָן, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי יְהוּדָה. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, הַשֻּׁלְחָן אָרְכּוֹ שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר וְרָחְבּוֹ שִׁשָּׁה. לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים אָרְכּוֹ עֲשָׂרָה וְרָחְבּוֹ חֲמִשָּׁה. נוֹתֵן אָרְכּוֹ כְּנֶגֶד רָחְבּוֹ שֶׁל שֻׁלְחָן, וְכוֹפֵל טְפָחַיִם מִכָּאן וּטְפָחַיִם מִכָּאן וּטְפָחַיִם רֶוַח בָּאֶמְצָע, כְּדֵי שֶׁתְּהֵא הָרוּחַ מְנַשֶּׁבֶת בֵּינֵיהֶן. אַבָּא שָׁאוּל אוֹמֵר, שָׁם הָיוּ נוֹתְנִין שְׁנֵי בְזִיכֵי לְבוֹנָה שֶׁל לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, וַהֲלֹא כְבָר נֶאֱמַר (ויקרא כד), וְנָתַתָּ עַל הַמַּעֲרֶכֶת לְבֹנָה זַכָּה. אָמַר לָהֶן, וַהֲלֹא כְבָר נֶאֱמַר (במדבר ב), וְעָלָיו מַטֵּה מְנַשֶּׁה:

The table: its length was ten handbreadths and its width, five ; the showbread its length was ten handbreadths and its width five . He would place its long side across the breadth of the table, and he would fold up two and a half handbreadths on this side and two and half on this side so that its length filled the entire breadth of the table, the words of Rabbi Judah. Rabbi Meir says: the table: its length was twelve handbreadths and its width six ; the showbread its length was ten handbreadths and its width five . He would place its long sided across the breadth of the table, and he would fold up two handbreadths on this side and two on this side ; and there was a space of two handbreadths between [the two sets] so that the wind could blow between them. Abba Shaul says: there they used to put the two dishes of frankincense for the showbread. They said to him: Has it not already been said, “And you shall put pure frankincense upon [al] each row” (Leviticus 24:7)? He replied, But has it not also been said, “And next unto [al] him shall be the tribe of Manasseh” (Numbers 2:20)?

6 ו

אַרְבָּעָה סְנִיפִין שֶׁל זָהָב הָיוּ שָׁם, מֻפְצָלִין מֵרָאשֵׁיהֶן, שֶׁהָיוּ סוֹמְכִים בָּהֶן, שְׁנַיִם לְסֵדֶר זֶה וּשְׁנַיִם לְסֵדֶר זֶה. וְעֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁמֹנָה קָנִים, כַּחֲצִי קָנֶה חָלוּל, אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר לְסֵדֶר זֶה וְאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר לְסֵדֶר זֶה. לֹא סִדּוּר קָנִים וְלֹא נְטִילָתָן דּוֹחֶה אֶת הַשַּׁבָּת, אֶלָּא נִכְנָס מֵעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת וְשׁוֹמְטָן וְנוֹתְנָן לְאָרְכּוֹ שֶׁל שֻׁלְחָן. כָּל הַכֵּלִים שֶׁהָיוּ בַמִּקְדָּשׁ, אָרְכָּן לְאָרְכּוֹ שֶׁל בָּיִת:

There were four golden attachments there split at the top and they would support two rods for one stack and two rods for the other. And there were 28 reeds like half a hollow reed fourteen for one stack and fourteen for the other. Neither the arrangement of the reeds or their removal override Shabbat rather he goes in on Friday and take them out and places them lengthwise across the table. All of the vessels in the temple were placed lengthwise with the length of the Sanctuary.

7 ז

שְׁנֵי שֻׁלְחָנוֹת הָיוּ בָאוּלָם מִבִּפְנִים עַל פֶּתַח הַבַּיִת, אֶחָד שֶׁל שַׁיִשׁ וְאֶחָד שֶׁל זָהָב. עַל שֶׁל שַׁיִשׁ נוֹתְנִים לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים בִּכְנִיסָתוֹ, וְעַל שֶׁל זָהָב בִּיצִיאָתוֹ, שֶׁמַּעֲלִין בַּקֹּדֶשׁ וְלֹא מוֹרִידִין. וְאֶחָד שֶׁל זָהָב מִבִּפְנִים, שֶׁעָלָיו לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים תָּמִיד. אַרְבָּעָה כֹהֲנִים נִכְנָסִין, שְׁנַיִם בְּיָדָם שְׁנֵי סְדָרִים, וּשְׁנַיִם בְּיָדָם שְׁנֵי בְזִיכִים. וְאַרְבָּעָה מַקְדִּימִין לִפְנֵיהֶם, שְׁנַיִם לִטֹּל שְׁנֵי סְדָרִים, וּשְׁנַיִם לִטֹּל שְׁנֵי בְזִיכִים. הַמַּכְנִיסִים עוֹמְדִים בַּצָּפוֹן, וּפְנֵיהֶם לַדָּרוֹם. הַמּוֹצִיאִין עוֹמְדִים בַּדָּרוֹם, וּפְנֵיהֶם לַצָּפוֹן. אֵלּוּ מוֹשְׁכִין וְאֵלּוּ מַנִּיחִין, וְטִפְחוֹ שֶׁל זֶה כְנֶגֶד טִפְחוֹ שֶׁל זֶה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שמות כה), לְפָנַי תָּמִיד. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ אֵלּוּ נוֹטְלִין וְאֵלּוּ מַנִּיחִין, אַף זוֹ הָיְתָה תָּמִיד. יָצְאוּ וְנָתְנוּ עַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן שֶׁל זָהָב שֶׁהָיָה בָאוּלָם. הִקְטִירוּ הַבְּזִיכִין, וְהַחַלּוֹת מִתְחַלְּקוֹת לַכֹּהֲנִים. חָל יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים לִהְיוֹת בְּשַׁבָּת, הַחַלּוֹת מִתְחַלְּקוֹת לָעָרֶב. חָל לִהְיוֹת עֶרֶב שַׁבָּת, שָׂעִיר שֶׁל יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים נֶאֱכָל לָעָרֶב, הַבַּבְלִיִּים אוֹכְלִין אוֹתוֹ כְּשֶׁהוּא חַי, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁדַּעְתָּן יָפָה:

There were two tables in the anti-chamber at the entrance to the Sanctuary, one was made of marble and the other of gold. The one of marble is where they would place the Panim-bread on its way into the sanctuary and on the gold one as it left, because we go up in sanctity and not down. And there was one gold one inside where the Panim bread would be left always. Four priests would enter. Two of them had the two stacks and the other two had two spoons. Four would walk before them, two to take the two stacks and two to take the two spoons. The ones bringing in bread would stand in the north side and face south and those taking out bread would stand in the south and face north. These would take out as those would place down a fistful removing against a fistful placing as it says (Exodus 25) "before me always". Rabbi Yossi says, even if these completely pulled it off before these put down the new stack is considered constantly. They would leave and place [the bread] on the golden table in the anti-chamber. Once they offered the spoons [of frankincense] the bread would be given out to the priests. If Yom Kippur fell on Shabbat, the bread would be given out that night. If Yom Kippur was on Friday, the goat of Yom Kippur is eaten that night. The Babylonians would eat it raw because they were not timid about eating raw meat.

8 ח

סִדֵּר אֶת הַלֶּחֶם בְּשַׁבָּת וְאֶת הַבְּזִיכִים לְאַחַר שַׁבָּת וְהִקְטִיר אֶת הַבְּזִיכִים בְּשַׁבָּת, פְּסוּלָה, וְאֵין חַיָּבִין עֲלֵיהֶן מִשּׁוּם פִּגּוּל, נוֹתָר וְטָמֵא. סִדֵּר אֶת הַלֶּחֶם וְאֶת הַבְּזִיכִין בְּשַׁבָּת וְהִקְטִיר אֶת הַבְּזִיכִין לְאַחַר שַׁבָּת, פָּסוּל, וְאֵין חַיָּבִין עֲלֵיהֶן מִשּׁוּם פִּגּוּל וְנוֹתָר וְטָמֵא. סִדֵּר אֶת הַלֶּחֶם וְאֶת הַבְּזִיכִין לְאַחַר שַׁבָּת וְהִקְטִיר אֶת הַבְּזִיכִין בְּשַׁבָּת, פָּסוּל. כֵּיצַד יַעֲשֶׂה. יַנִּיחֶנָּה לַשַּׁבָּת הַבָּאָה, שֶׁאֲפִלּוּ הִיא עַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן יָמִים רַבִּים, אֵין בְּכָךְ כְּלוּם:

If he arranged the bread on Shabbat and the spoons after Shabbat, but he offered the spoons on the following Shabbat it is invalid, and it is not subject to piggul, being left past its time or touching it while impure. If he arranged the bread and the spoons on Shabbat but offered the spoons after the following Shabbat it is invalid, and it is not subject to piggul, being left past its time or touching it while impure. If he arranged the bread and the spoons after Shabbat but offered the spoons on the following Shabbat it is invalid. How should he do it? He should leave it to the following Shabbat because even if it is on the table for many days, there is nothing wrong.

9 ט

שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם נֶאֱכָלוֹת אֵין פָּחוֹת מִשְּׁנַיִם, וְלֹא יָתֵר עַל שְׁלשָׁה. כֵּיצַד. נֶאֱפוֹת מֵעֶרֶב יוֹם טוֹב וְנֶאֱכָלוֹת בְּיוֹם טוֹב, לִשְׁנָיִם. חָל יוֹם טוֹב לִהְיוֹת אַחַר הַשַּׁבָּת, נֶאֱכָלוֹת לִשְׁלשָׁה. לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים נֶאֱכָל אֵין פָּחוֹת מִתִּשְׁעָה, וְלֹא יָתֵר עַל אַחַד עָשָׂר. כֵּיצַד. נֶאֱפֶה בְעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת וְנֶאֱכָל בְּשַׁבָּת, לְתִשְׁעָה. חָל יוֹם טוֹב לִהְיוֹת עֶרֶב שַׁבָּת, נֶאֱכָל לַעֲשָׂרָה. שְׁנֵי יָמִים טוֹבִים שֶׁל רֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה, נֶאֱכָל לְאַחַד עָשָׂר. וְאֵינוֹ דוֹחֶה לֹא אֶת הַשַּׁבָּת וְלֹא אֶת יוֹם טוֹב. רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר מִשּׁוּם רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן הַסְּגָן, דּוֹחֶה אֶת יוֹם טוֹב וְאֵינוֹ דוֹחֶה אֶת יוֹם צוֹם:

The Two Loaves were eaten on no less than the second day [from their baking] and no greater than the third day. How so, they were baked on the day before Yom Tov [Shavuot] and eaten on Yom Tov which is the second day. If Yom Tov fell after Shabbat, then they were eaten on the third day. The Panim bread were eaten no less than nine days [after their baking] and no greater than eleven. How so, they were baked on Friday and eaten the following Shabbat, which is nine days. If Yom Tov fell on Friday then they would be eaten on the tenth day. If the two days of the New Year fell before Shabbat then they were eaten on the eleventh day. And they do not override Shabbat or Yom Tov. Raban Shimon Ben Gamliel said in the name of Rabbi Shimmon son of the Deputy High-Priest, they do override Yom Tov but not the Fast Day [Yom Kippur].