5ה׳
1 א

אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאָמְרוּ, בְּתוּלָה גוֹבָה מָאתַיִם וְאַלְמָנָה מָנֶה, אִם רָצָה לְהוֹסִיף, אֲפִלּוּ מֵאָה מָנֶה, יוֹסִיף. נִתְאַרְמְלָה אוֹ נִתְגָּרְשָׁה, בֵּין מִן הָאֵרוּסִין בֵּין מִן הַנִּשּׂוּאִין, גּוֹבָה אֶת הַכֹּל. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן עֲזַרְיָה אוֹמֵר, מִן הַנִּשּׂוּאִין, גּוֹבָה אֶת הַכֹּל. מִן הָאֵרוּסִין, בְּתוּלָה גּוֹבָה מָאתַיִם וְאַלְמָנָה מָנֶה, שֶׁלֹּא כָתַב לָהּ אֶלָּא עַל מְנָת לְכָנְסָהּ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אִם רָצָה, כּוֹתֵב לִבְתוּלָה שְׁטָר שֶׁל מָאתַיִם, וְהִיא כוֹתֶבֶת, הִתְקַבַּלְתִּי מִמְּךָ מָנֶה, וּלְאַלְמָנָה, מָנֶה, וְהִיא כוֹתֶבֶת, הִתְקַבַּלְתִּי מִמְּךָ חֲמִשִּׁים זוּז. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, כָּל הַפּוֹחֵת לִבְתוּלָה מִמָּאתַיִם וּלְאַלְמָנָה מִמָּנֶה, הֲרֵי זוֹ בְעִילַת זְנוּת:

Although they [the Sages] said, "A virgin collects 200 dinar [a specific unit of money], and a widow a maneh [100 dinar], if [the husband] wants to add even 100 maneh, he can add it. If she became widowed or divorced, whether from betrothal or from marriage, she collects the whole [amount]. Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah says, "From marriage she receives the whole [amount], [but] from betrothal, a virgin collects [only] 200 dinar, and a widow a maneh, as he wrote [that extra amount into the ketubah] only in order to marry her." Rabbi Yehudah says, "If he wants, he [may] write a document for a virgin [obligating him] to [pay] 200 dinar, and she [may] write, 'I have received from you 100; or to a widow [he may write the he is obligated to pay] 100 dinar, and she [may] write 'I have received from you fifty zuz [a synonym for a dinar].'" Rabbi Meir says, "Whoever gives a virgin less than 200 dinar, or a widow less than a maneh, this is [considered] unchaste intercourse."

2 ב

נוֹתְנִין לִבְתוּלָה שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ מִשֶּׁתְּבָעָהּ הַבַּעַל לְפַרְנֵס אֶת עַצְמָהּ. וּכְשֵׁם שֶׁנּוֹתְנִין לָאִשָּׁה, כָּךְ נוֹתְנִין לָאִישׁ לְפַרְנֵס אֶת עַצְמוֹ. וּלְאַלְמָנָה שְׁלֹשִׁים יוֹם. הִגִּיעַ זְמָן וְלֹא נִשָּׂאוּ, אוֹכְלוֹת מִשֶּׁלּוֹ וְאוֹכְלוֹת בַּתְּרוּמָה. רַבִּי טַרְפוֹן אוֹמֵר, נוֹתְנִין לָהּ הַכֹּל תְּרוּמָה. רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, מֶחֱצָה חֻלִּין וּמֶחֱצָה תְרוּמָה:

We give a virgin twelve months from [the time] the husband proposed [marriage] to her, to provide for herself. And just as we give the woman [twelve months time], we also give the man [twelve months] to provide for himself. And for a widow, [the time allowed is] thirty days. If the appointed time came, and they did not [yet] marry, [any of these women] may eat from his [property], and [if he is a kohen] she may eat terumah [A portion of a crop given to a kohen which becomes holy upon separation, and can only be consumed by kohanim or their household]. Rabbi Tarfon says, "They may give her all [her food in] terumah." Rabbi Akiva says, "Half non-holy food, and half terumah."

3 ג

הַיָּבָם אֵינוֹ מַאֲכִיל בַּתְּרוּמָה. עָשְׂתָה שִׁשָּׁה חֳדָשִׁים בִּפְנֵי הַבַּעַל וְשִׁשָּׁה חֳדָשִׁים בִּפְנֵי הַיָּבָם, וַאֲפִלּוּ כֻלָּן בִּפְנֵי הַבַּעַל חָסֵר יוֹם אֶחָד בִּפְנֵי הַיָּבָם, אוֹ כֻלָּן בִּפְנֵי הַיָּבָם חָסֵר יוֹם אֶחָד בִּפְנֵי הַבַּעַל, אֵינָהּ אוֹכֶלֶת בַּתְּרוּמָה. זוֹ מִשְׁנָה רִאשׁוֹנָה. בֵּית דִּין שֶׁל אַחֲרֵיהֶן אָמְרוּ, אֵין הָאִשָּׁה אוֹכֶלֶת בַּתְּרוּמָה, עַד שֶׁתִּכָּנֵס לַחֻפָּה:

A yavam [one upon whom has fallen the obligation to perform levirate marriage] does not feed [his sister-in-law, who expects to marry him] with terumah. If [the woman who was betrothed to a kohen spent six [of the twelve allotted] months with her [future] husband, and six months with the yavam, or even the whole twelve months with her [intended] husband, less one day [which was] with the yavam, or the whole twelve months with the yavam, less one day [which was] with her [intended] husband, she may not eat from terumah. Such was [the teaching of] the earlier Mishna; [however,] a later court said, "A woman may not eat terumah until she enters the wedding canopy."

4 ד

הַמַּקְדִּישׁ מַעֲשֵׂה יְדֵי אִשְׁתּוֹ, הֲרֵי זוֹ עוֹשָׂה וְאוֹכֶלֶת. הַמּוֹתָר, רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, הֶקְדֵּשׁ. רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן הַסַּנְדְּלָר אוֹמֵר, חֻלִּין:

If a man consecrates his wife's handiwork [earnings], she [nevertheless has a right to] work and eat [from her earnings]. [If he consecrates] the surplus, Rabbi Meir says, "It is consecrated." Rabbi Yochanan HaSandlar says, "It is non-holy."

5 ה

אֵלּוּ מְלָאכוֹת שֶׁהָאִשָּׁה עוֹשָׂה לְבַעְלָהּ, טוֹחֶנֶת, וְאוֹפָה, וּמְכַבֶּסֶת, מְבַשֶּׁלֶת, וּמֵנִיקָה אֶת בְּנָהּ, מַצַּעַת לוֹ הַמִּטָּה, וְעוֹשָׂה בַצֶּמֶר. הִכְנִיסָה לוֹ שִׁפְחָה אַחַת, לֹא טוֹחֶנֶת, וְלֹא אוֹפָה וְלֹא מְכַבֶּסֶת. שְׁתַּיִם, אֵינָהּ מְבַשֶּׁלֶת וְאֵינָהּ מֵנִיקָה אֶת בְּנָהּ. שָׁלֹשׁ, אֵינָהּ מַצַּעַת לוֹ הַמִּטָּה וְאֵינָהּ עוֹשָׂה בַצֶּמֶר. אַרְבָּעָה, יוֹשֶׁבֶת בַּקַּתֶּדְרָא. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ הִכְנִיסָה לוֹ מֵאָה שְׁפָחוֹת, כּוֹפָהּ לַעֲשׂוֹת בַּצֶּמֶר, שֶׁהַבַּטָּלָה מְבִיאָה לִידֵי זִמָּה. רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, אַף הַמַּדִּיר אֶת אִשְׁתּוֹ מִלַּעֲשׂוֹת מְלָאכָה, יוֹצִיא וְיִתֵּן כְּתֻבָּתָהּ, שֶׁהַבַּטָּלָה מְבִיאָה לִידֵי שִׁעֲמוּם:

These are the [kinds of] work which the woman [is obligated to] do for her husband. She grinds, and bakes, and washes [clothes]. She cooks, and nurses her child. She makes his bed, and work with wool. If she brought in one maidservant [from her father's home], she does not [need to] grind, bake, or wash. [If she brought him] two [maidservants], she does not [need to] cook nor nurse her child. Three, she does not [need to] make his bed nor work with wool. Four, she may sit in an easy chair. Rabbi Eliezer says, "Even if she brought him a hundred maidservants, he may force her to work with wool, as idleness leads to licentiousness." Rabbi Shimon ben Gamliel says, "Similarly, one who, by vow, interdicts his wife from doing work, he must divorce her and pay [the amount of] her ketubah [monetary settlement payable to a woman upon divorce or the death of her husband], because idleness leads to dull-mindedness."

6 ו

הַמַּדִּיר אֶת אִשְׁתּוֹ מִתַּשְׁמִישׁ הַמִּטָּה, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, שְׁתֵּי שַׁבָּתוֹת. בֵּית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, שַׁבָּת אֶחָת. הַתַּלְמִידִים יוֹצְאִין לְתַלְמוּד תּוֹרָה שֶׁלֹּא בִרְשׁוּת, שְׁלֹשִׁים יוֹם. הַפּוֹעֲלִים, שַׁבָּת אֶחָת. הָעוֹנָה הָאֲמוּרָה בַתּוֹרָה, הַטַּיָּלִין, בְּכָל יוֹם. הַפּוֹעֲלִים, שְׁתַּיִם בַּשַּׁבָּת. הַחַמָּרִים, אַחַת בַּשַּׁבָּת. הַגַּמָּלִים, אַחַת לִשְׁלֹשִׁים יוֹם. הַסַּפָּנִים, אַחַת לְשִׁשָּׁה חֳדָשִׁים, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר:

One who, by vow, interdicts his wife from intercourse, Beit Shammai say, [she must wait] two weeks. Beit Hillel say one week. Students who leave for the purpose of studying Torah without the consent of their wives [have] thirty days; laborers, one week. [The law of providing sexual] pleasure [to one's wife] that is stated in the Torah [is as follows]: one at leisure, daily; laborers, twice a week; donkey drivers, once a week; camel drivers, once every thirty days; navigators every six months; these are the words of Rabbi Eliezer.

7 ז

הַמּוֹרֶדֶת עַל בַּעְלָהּ, פּוֹחֲתִין לָהּ מִכְּתֻבָּתָהּ שִׁבְעָה דִינָרִין בַּשַּׁבָּת. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, שִׁבְעָה טַרְפְּעִיקִין. עַד מָתַי הוּא פוֹחֵת, עַד כְּנֶגֶד כְּתֻבָּתָהּ. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, לְעוֹלָם הוּא פוֹחֵת וְהוֹלֵךְ, שֶׁמָּא תִפּוֹל לָהּ יְרֻשָּׁה מִמָּקוֹם אַחֵר, גּוֹבֶה הֵימֶנָּה. וְכֵן הַמּוֹרֵד עַל אִשְׁתּוֹ, מוֹסִיפִין לָהּ עַל כְּתֻבָּתָהּ שְׁלֹשָׁה דִינָרִין בַּשַּׁבָּת. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, שְׁלֹשָׁה טַרְפְּעִיקִין:

[With regard to a wife] who rebels against her husband, we reduce her ketubah by seven dinar [a specific unit of money] every week. Rabbi Yehudah says "[By] seven tarpe'ikin [a unit of money worth half a dinar]." Until when does [the husband continue to] reduce [it]? Until [it reaches] the value her ketubah. Rabbi Yossi says, "He continues to reduce, perhaps inheritance will fall to her from another source, [and] he can collect from it." Similarly, [with regard to a husband] who rebels against his wife, we increase her ketubah by three dinar every week. Rabbi Yehudah says "[By] three tarpe'ikin."

8 ח

הַמַּשְׁרֶה אֶת אִשְׁתּוֹ עַל יְדֵי שָׁלִישׁ, לֹא יִפְחֹת לָהּ מִשְּׁנֵי קַבִּין חִטִּין, אוֹ מֵאַרְבָּעָה קַבִּין שְׂעוֹרִים. אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹסֵי, לֹא פָסַק לָהּ שְׂעוֹרִים אֶלָּא רַבִּי יִשְׁמָעֵאל שֶׁהָיָה סָמוּךְ לֶאֱדוֹם. וְנוֹתֵן לָהּ חֲצִי קַב קִטְנִית וַחֲצִי לֹג שֶׁמֶן, וְקַב גְּרוֹגָרוֹת, אוֹ מָנֶה דְבֵלָה. וְאִם אֵין לוֹ, פּוֹסֵק לְעֻמָּתָן פֵּרוֹת מִמָּקוֹם אַחֵר. וְנוֹתֵן לָהּ מִטָּה, מַפָּץ, וּמַחֲצֶלֶת. וְנוֹתֵן לָהּ כִּפָּה לְרֹאשָׁהּ, וַחֲגוֹר לְמָתְנֶיהָ, וּמִנְעָלִים מִמּוֹעֵד לְמוֹעֵד, וְכֵלִים שֶׁל חֲמִשִּׁים זוּז מִשָּׁנָה לְשָׁנָה. וְאֵין נוֹתְנִין לָהּ, לֹא חֲדָשִׁים בִּימוֹת הַחַמָּה, וְלֹא שְׁחָקִים בִּימוֹת הַגְּשָׁמִים. אֶלָּא נוֹתֵן לָהּ כֵּלִים שֶׁל חֲמִשִּׁים זוּז בִּימוֹת הַגְּשָׁמִים, וְהִיא מִתְכַּסָּה בִבְלָאוֹתֵיהֶן בִּימוֹת הַחַמָּה, וְהַשְּׁחָקִים שֶׁלָּהּ:

One who provides for his wife through a third party, he may not [provide] her with less than two kav [a specific unit of volume] of wheat or four kav of barley [a week]. Rabbi Yossi said, "Only Rabbi Yishmael, who resided near Edom, apportioned [this double allowance of] barley. And he must give her half a kav of beans, half a log [a specific unit of volume] of oil, a kav of dried figs, or a maneh [the weight of 100 dinar] pressed figs. And if he doesn't have [these], he apportions a corresponding amount of fruits of another type. And he must provide her with a bed, a mattress, and a reed mat. He must also give her a kerchief for her head, a girdle for her loins, and shoes every festival, and clothing [valued] at fifty zuz [a secific unit of money] every year. He must not give her new garments in the summer season nor worn-out ones in the rainy season; rather, he must give her clothing [valued] at fifty zuz in the rainy season, so that she wears the worn-out ones in the summer season. And the worn-out ones [from the previous year] belong to her.

9 ט

נוֹתֵן לָהּ מָעָה כֶסֶף לְצָרְכָּהּ, וְאוֹכֶלֶת עִמּוֹ מִלֵּילֵי שַׁבָּת לְלֵילֵי שַׁבָּת. וְאִם אֵין נוֹתֵן לָהּ מָעָה כֶסֶף לְצָרְכָּהּ, מַעֲשֵׂה יָדֶיהָ שֶׁלָּהּ. וּמַה הִיא עוֹשָׂה לוֹ, מִשְׁקַל חָמֵשׁ סְלָעִים שְׁתִי בִּיהוּדָה, שֶׁהֵן עֶשֶׂר סְלָעִים בַּגָּלִיל, אוֹ מִשְׁקַל עֶשֶׂר סְלָעִים עֵרֶב בִּיהוּדָה, שֶׁהֵן עֶשְׂרִים סְלָעִים בַּגָּלִיל. וְאִם הָיְתָה מֵנִיקָה, פּוֹחֲתִים לָהּ מִמַּעֲשֵׂה יָדֶיהָ, וּמוֹסִיפִין לָהּ עַל מְזוֹנוֹתֶיהָ. בַּמֶּה דְבָרִים אֲמוּרִים, בְּעָנִי שֶׁבְּיִשְׂרָאֵל. אֲבָל בִּמְכֻבָּד, הַכֹּל לְפִי כְבוֹדוֹ:

He must give her [an allowance of] a ma'ah [a specific unit of money] of silver for her [weekly] needs, and she eats with him every Shabbat eve. And if he does not give her a ma'ah of silver for her [weekly] needs, her handiwork [earnings] belong to her. What [amount of work] must she do for him? Five selah weight [of spun wool] for warp in Judea, which are [equal to] ten selah in the Galilee; or ten selah weight for woof in Judea, which are [equal to] twenty selah in the Galilee. If she was nursing, we reduce the [required] quantity of her handiwork, and and we increase the amount of food [with which she is provided]. About whom are the [above conditions] speaking? About the poor in Israel. However, with regard to a person of honor [and social status], everything is according to his honor.