אֵלּוּ נְעָרוֹת שֶׁיֵּשׁ לָהֶן קְנָס. הַבָּא עַל הַמַּמְזֶרֶת, וְעַל הַנְּתִינָה, וְעַל הַכּוּתִית. הַבָּא עַל הַגִּיּוֹרֶת, וְעַל הַשְּׁבוּיָה, וְעַל הַשִּׁפְחָה, שֶׁנִּפְדּוּ וְשֶׁנִּתְגַּיְּרוּ וְשֶׁנִּשְׁתַּחְרְרוּ פְּחוּתוֹת מִבְּנוֹת שָׁלֹשׁ שָׁנִים וְיוֹם אֶחָד. הַבָּא עַל אֲחוֹתוֹ, וְעַל אֲחוֹת אָבִיו, וְעַל אֲחוֹת אִמּוֹ, וְעַל אֲחוֹת אִשְׁתּוֹ, וְעַל אֵשֶׁת אָחִיו, וְעַל אֵשֶׁת אֲחִי אָבִיו, וְעַל הַנִּדָּה, יֵשׁ לָהֶן קְנָס. אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהֵן בְּהִכָּרֵת, אֵין בָּהֶן מִיתַת בֵּית דִּין:
These are the na'arot [pubescent girls distinguished from prepubescent girls and post-pubescent young women in a number of halakhic situations] who have [the right to recover] a fine. One who has intercourse with a mamzeret [the offspring of certain prohibited relationships who may not marry into the general Jewish population], or a netina [member of a caste of Temple servants, historically descended from the Gibeonites], or with a Samaritan. [Additionally,] one who has intercourse with a proselyte, a captive or a maidservant who were ransomed, converted, or freed at less than three years and one day [old]. [Further,] he who has intercourse with his sister, with his father's sister, with his mother's sister, with his wife's sister, with his brother's wife, with his father's brother's wife, or with a menstruating woman. All of these have [the right to recover] a fine; although these [prohibited sexual relations] are liable for karet, they are not [sentenced to] death by the court.
וְאֵלּוּ שֶׁאֵין לָהֶן קְנָס, הַבָּא עַל הַגִּיּוֹרֶת וְעַל הַשְּׁבוּיָה וְעַל הַשִּׁפְחָה שֶׁנִּפְדּוּ וְשֶׁנִּתְגַּיְּרוּ וְשֶׁנִּשְׁתַּחְרְרוּ יְתֵרוֹת עַל בְּנוֹת שָׁלֹשׁ שָׁנִים וְיוֹם אֶחָד. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, שְׁבוּיָה שֶׁנִּפְדֵּית, הֲרֵי הִיא בִקְדֻשָּׁתָהּ, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁגְּדוֹלָה. הַבָּא עַל בִּתּוֹ, עַל בַּת בִּתּוֹ, עַל בַּת בְּנוֹ, עַל בַּת אִשְׁתּוֹ, עַל בַּת בְּנָהּ, עַל בַּת בִּתָּהּ, אֵין לָהֶן קְנָס, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁמִּתְחַיֵּב בְּנַפְשׁוֹ, שֶׁמִּיתָתוֹ בִידֵי בֵית דִּין. וְכָל הַמִּתְחַיֵּב בְּנַפְשׁוֹ, אֵין מְשַׁלֵּם מָמוֹן, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שמות כא) וְלֹא יִהְיֶה אָסוֹן עָנוֹשׁ יֵעָנֵשׁ:
And these do not have [the right to recover] a fine: He who is has intercourse with a proselyte, a captive, and a maidservant who were ransomed, converted, or freed at more than three years and one day [old]. Rabbi Yehuda says, "A captive who has been ransomed maintains her kedushah [status as a virgin], even if she is an adult." He who has intercourse with his daughter, with his daughter's daughter, with his son's daughter, with his wife's daughter, with [his wife's] son's daughter, or [his wife's] daughter's daughter, they do not have [the right to recover] a fine, because he is liable [to pay] with his life, and his death is in the hands of the court; and anyone who is liable [to pay] with his life does not [also] pay monetary [fines], as it is said, "If no mischief follow, he shall be punished by fine" (Exodus 21:22).
נַעֲרָה שֶׁנִּתְאָרְסָה וְנִתְגָּרְשָׁה, רַבִּי יוֹסֵי הַגְּלִילִי אוֹמֵר, אֵין לָהּ קְנָס. רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, יֶשׁ לָהּ קְנָס, וּקְנָסָהּ לְעַצְמָהּ:
[With regard to] a na'arah who was betrothed and [then] divorced, Rabbi Yossi HaGelili says, "She does not have [the right not recover] a fine;" and Rabbi Akiva says, "She does have [the right to recover] a fine, and her fine belongs to herself."
הַמְפַתֶּה נוֹתֵן שְׁלֹשָׁה דְבָרִים, וְהָאוֹנֵס אַרְבָּעָה. הַמְפַתֶּה נוֹתֵן בֹּשֶׁת וּפְגָם וּקְנָס. מוֹסִיף עָלָיו אוֹנֵס, שֶׁנּוֹתֵן אֶת הַצַּעַר. מַה בֵּין אוֹנֵס לִמְפַתֶּה. הָאוֹנֵס נוֹתֵן אֶת הַצַּעַר, וְהַמְפַתֶּה אֵינוֹ נוֹתֵן אֶת הַצַּעַר. הָאוֹנֵס נוֹתֵן מִיָּד, וְהַמְפַתֶּה לִכְשֶׁיּוֹצִיא. הָאוֹנֵס שׁוֹתֶה בַעֲצִיצוֹ, וְהַמְפַתֶּה אִם רָצָה לְהוֹצִיא, מוֹצִיא:
One who seduces [a virgin] pays [for] three [things] , and one who rapes [her pays] four. The seducer pays [for her] disgrace, deterioration [in value], and the fine. A rapist adds [payment for the bodily] pain [he inflicted upon her]. What is [the difference] between the [punishment of the] seducer and [that of] the rapist? The rapist pays for the [bodily] pain; and the seducer does not pay for the [bodily] pain. The rapist pays immediately, and the seducer [only] when he sends her away [ i.e., refuses to marry her]. The rapist must drink out of his [chosen] vessel [i.e., he must marry his victim and may never divorce her], whereas the seducer may send her away.
כֵּיצַד שׁוֹתֶה בַעֲצִיצוֹ, אֲפִלּוּ הִיא חִגֶּרֶת, אֲפִלּוּ הִיא סוּמָא, וַאֲפִלּוּ הָיְתָה מֻכַּת שְׁחִין. נִמְצָא בָהּ דְּבַר עֶרְוָה, אוֹ שֶׁאֵינָהּ רְאוּיָה לָבֹא בְיִשְׂרָאֵל, אֵינוֹ רַשַּׁאי לְקַיְּמָהּ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר, (דברים כב) וְלוֹ תִהְיֶה לְאִשָּׁה, אִשָּׁה הָרְאוּיָה לוֹ:
How [far does "he] must drink out of his [chosen] vessel" [extend]? Even if she is lame, even if she is blind, and even if she is afflicted with boils. [However,] if unchaste behavior is discovered in her, or she is not qualified to enter [by marriage] into the Jewish people, he is not permitted to maintain her [as a wife]; as it is said, "'Unto him she shall be a wife,' a wife who is fitting for him."
יְתוֹמָה שֶׁנִּתְאָרְסָה וְנִתְגָּרְשָׁה, רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר אוֹמֵר, הַמְפַתֶּה פָטוּר, וְהָאוֹנֵס חַיָּב:
[With regard to] an orphan, who was betrothed and [then] divorced, Rabbi Eliezer says, "The seducer is exempt [from penalty], but the rapist is liable."
אֵיזוֹהִי בֹשֶׁת, הַכֹּל לְפִי הַמְבַיֵּשׁ וְהַמִּתְבַּיֵּשׁ. פְּגָם, רוֹאִין אוֹתָהּ כְּאִלּוּ הִיא שִׁפְחָה נִמְכֶּרֶת, כַּמָּה הָיְתָה יָפָה וְכַמָּה הִיא יָפָה. קְנָס, שָׁוֶה בְכָל אָדָם. וְכֹל שֶׁיֶּשׁ לוֹ קִצְבָּה מִן הַתּוֹרָה, שָׁוֶה בְכָל אָדָם:
What [amount of compensation] is [due for her] disgrace? It is all [calculated] according to the [particular] one who disgraced and the one who was disgraced. [With regard to] the deterioration [in value], she is viewed as if she were a maidservant about to be sold; [and it is determined] what was her value [before the fact], and what is her value [after it]. [With regard to] the fine, it is equal for every person; as, whatever has a fixed amount from the Torah is equal for every person.
כָּל מָקוֹם שֶׁיֵּשׁ מֶכֶר, אֵין קְנָס. וְכָל מָקוֹם שֶׁיֵּשׁ קְנָס, אֵין מֶכֶר. קְטַנָּה יֶשׁ לָהּ מֶכֶר וְאֵין לָהּ קְנָס. נַעֲרָה יֶשׁ לָהּ קְנָס וְאֵין לָהּ מֶכֶר. הַבּוֹגֶרֶת אֵין לָהּ לֹא מֶכֶר וְלֹא קְנָס:
Wherever there is [a right of] sale [maintained by the father], there is no fine; and whenever there is a fine, there is no sale [that can be effected by the father]. With regard to a prepubescent girl there is [the right of] sale [maintained by the father], but there is no [right to a] fine. A na'arah has a [right to a] fine, but [the father] has no [right of] sale. [For] a bogeret [a girl past the age of twelve years and six months], there is no [right of] sale [maintained by the father], and she has no [right to a] fine.
הָאוֹמֵר פִּתִּיתִי אֶת בִּתּוֹ שֶׁל פְּלוֹנִי, מְשַׁלֵּם בֹּשֶׁת וּפְגָם עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ, וְאֵינוֹ מְשַׁלֵּם קְנָס. הָאוֹמֵר גָּנַבְתִּי וְטָבַחְתִּי וּמָכָרְתִּי, מְשַׁלֵּם אֶת הַקֶּרֶן עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ, וְאֵינוֹ מְשַׁלֵּם תַּשְׁלוּמֵי כֶפֶל וְתַשְׁלוּמֵי אַרְבָּעָה וַחֲמִשָּׁה. הֵמִית שׁוֹרִי אֶת פְּלוֹנִי אוֹ שׁוֹרוֹ שֶׁל פְּלוֹנִי, הֲרֵי זֶה מְשַׁלֵּם עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ. הֵמִית שׁוֹרִי עַבְדּוֹ שֶׁל פְּלוֹנִי, אֵינוֹ מְשַׁלֵּם עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ. זֶה הַכְּלָל כָּל הַמְשַׁלֵּם יָתֵר עַל מַה שֶּׁהִזִּיק, אֵינוֹ מְשַׁלֵּם עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ:
He who [voluntarily] declares, "I have seduced the daughter of so and so," pays for the disgrace and deterioration, based on his own [confession], but he pays no fine. He who [voluntarily] declares, "I have stolen, slaughtered, and sold [so and so's cattle]," must pay the principle value, based on his own [confession], but he does not pay the double payment, nor the four-fold, or the five-fold payment. [He who says], "My ox killed so and so, or so and so's ox," must pay based on his own [confession]; [but should he say], "My ox killed so and so's slave," he does not pay based on his own [confession]. This is the rule: Whoever [is liable to] pay [a fine] in excess of that which he [actually] damaged does not pay based on his own [confession].