26כ״ו
1 א

סַנְדָּל עִמְקִי, וְכִיס שֶׁל שְׁנָצוֹת, רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אַף כְּפִיפָה מִצְרִית, רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, אַף סַנְדָּל לָדִיקִי כַּיּוֹצֵא בָהֶן, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ מִטַּמְּאִין וּמִטַּהֲרִין שֶׁלֹּא בְאֻמָּן. אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹסֵי, וַהֲלֹא כָל הַכֵּלִים מִטַּמְּאִין וּמִטַּהֲרִין שֶׁלֹּא בְאֻמָּן. אֲבָל אֵלּוּ, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהֵן מֻתָּרִין, טְמֵאִין, שֶׁהַהֶדְיוֹט יָכוֹל לְהַחֲזִירָם. לֹא אָמְרוּ אֶלָּא בִכְפִיפָה מִצְרִית, שֶׁאַף הָאֻמָּן אֵינוֹ יָכוֹל לְהַחֲזִירָהּ:

An Imki sandal and a laced-up bag, Rabbi Judah says: also an Egyptian basket; Rabbi Shimon ben Gamaliel says: also to a Lattakian sandal can be made susceptible to uncleanness and again be made insusceptible without the aid of a craftsman. Rabbi Yose said: But can't all vessels be made susceptible to uncleanness and again insusceptible without the aid of a craftsman? Rather, these, even when they are unlaced are susceptible to uncleanness since a layman is able to restore them. They spoke only of an Egyptian basket which even a craftsman cannot [easily] restore.

2 ב

כִּיס שֶׁל שְׁנָצוֹת שֶׁנִּטְּלוּ שְׁנָצָיו, טָמֵא. נִפְשַׁט, טָהוֹר. טָלָה עָלָיו אֶת הַמַּטְלֵת מִלְּמַטָּן, טָמֵא. כִּיס לְתוֹךְ כִּיס, שֶׁנִּטְמָא אַחַד מֵהֶן בְּמַשְׁקֶה, לֹא נִטְמָא חֲבֵרוֹ. צְרוֹר הַמַּרְגָּלִית, טָמֵא. צְרוֹר הַמָּעוֹת, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מְטַמֵּא, וַחֲכָמִים מְטַהֲרִים:

A laced-up bag whose laces were removed is still susceptible to uncleanness; But if it was made flat it is pure. If a strip of cloth has been put on it below, it is susceptible. If a bag was within another bag and one of them became unclean from a liquid, the other does not become unclean. A pearl pouch is susceptible to uncleanness. A money pouch: Rabbi Eliezer says that it is susceptible to uncleanness, But the sages say that it is pure.

3 ג

כַּף לוֹקְטֵי קוֹצִים, טְהוֹרָה. הַזּוֹן וְהַבִּרְכְּיָר, טְמֵאִין. וְהַשַּׁרְווּלִים, טְמֵאִין. וְהַפְּרַקְלִימִין, טְהוֹרִין. וְכָל בֵּית אֶצְבָּעוֹת, טְהוֹרוֹת, חוּץ מִשֶּׁל קַיָּצִין, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהִיא מְקַבֶּלֶת אֶת הָאוֹג. נִקְרְעָה, אִם אֵינָהּ מְקַבֶּלֶת אֶת רֹב הָאוֹג, טְהוֹרָה:

The hand-coverings of thorn-pickers are pure. A belt and leg guards are susceptible to uncleanness. Sleeves are susceptible to uncleanness. But hand-coverings are pure. All finger-coverings are pure except that of fig-pickers, since the latter holds the sumac berries. If it was torn, if it cannot hold the greater part of a sumac berry it is pure.

4 ד

סַנְדָּל שֶׁנִּפְסְקָה אַחַת מֵאָזְנָיו וְתִקְּנָהּ, טָמֵא מִדְרָס. נִפְסְקָה שְׁנִיָּה וְתִקְּנָהּ, טָהוֹר מִן הַמִּדְרָס אֲבָל טָמֵא מַגַּע מִדְרָס. לֹא הִסְפִּיק לְתַקֵּן אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹנָה עַד שֶׁנִּפְסְקָה שְׁנִיָּה, טְהוֹרָה. נִפְסַק עֲקֵבוֹ, נִטַּל חוֹטְמוֹ, אוֹ שֶׁנֶּחֱלַק לִשְׁנַיִם, טָהוֹר. סוֹלְיָם שֶׁנִּפְסַק מִכָּל מָקוֹם, טָהוֹר. מִנְעָל שֶׁנִּפְחַת, אִם אֵינוֹ מְקַבֵּל אֶת רֹב הָרֶגֶל, טָהוֹר. מִנְעָל שֶׁעַל הָאֵמוּם, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מְטַהֵר, וַחֲכָמִים מְטַמְּאִים. כָּל חֲמָתוֹת צְרוּרוֹת, טְהוֹרוֹת, חוּץ מִשֶּׁל עַרְבִיִּין. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, צְרוֹר שָׁעָה, טְהוֹרוֹת. צְרוֹר עוֹלָם, טְמֵאוֹת. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, כָּל חֲמָתוֹת צְרוּרוֹת, טְהוֹרוֹת:

A sandal, one of whose holes was broken but was then fixed, retains its midras uncleanness. If a second hole was broken and it was fixed, it is free from midras uncleanness but is unclean from contact with midras. If the second hole was broken before the first could be mended, it is clean. If its heel was torn off, or if its toe-piece was removed, or if it was torn in two, it becomes clean. A heel-less slipper that was torn anywhere becomes clean. A shoe that was damaged becomes clean if it cannot contain the greater part of the foot. A shoe that is still on the last: Rabbi Eliezer says: it is insusceptible to uncleanness, But the sages say that it is susceptible. All water skins whose holes have been tied up are insusceptible to uncleanness, except for Arabian ones. Rabbi Meir says: if they are tied up for a while, they are clean; but if they are tied with a permanent knot they are unclean. Rabbi Yose says: all tied up water skins are clean.

5 ה

אֵלּוּ עוֹרוֹת טְמֵאִין מִדְרָס, עוֹר שֶׁחִשַּׁב עָלָיו לְשָׁטִיחַ, עוֹר סְקֹרְטְיָא, עוֹר קָטָבֹלְיָא, עוֹר הַחַמָּר, עוֹר הַכַּתָּן, עוֹר הַכַּתָּף, עוֹר הָרוֹפֵא, עוֹר הָעֲרִיסָה, עוֹר הַלֵּב שֶׁל קָטָן, עוֹר הַכַּר, עוֹר הַכֶּסֶת, מִדְרָס. עוֹר הַסָּרוֹק, עוֹר הַסּוֹרֵק, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, מִדְרָס. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, טְמֵא מֵת:

The following hides are susceptible to midras uncleanness: A hide which he intended to use as a rug, A hide used as an apron, A hide used as the lower covering of a bed, A hide used by a donkey-driver, A hide used by a flax-worker, A hide used by a porter, A hide used by a doctor, A hide used for a crib, A hide put over a child's chest, A hide for a cushion. A hide for a covering. All these are susceptible to midras uncleanness. A hide for wrapping up combed wool and a hide worn by a wool-comber: Rabbi Eliezer says it is susceptible to midras, But the sages say that it is susceptible to corpse uncleanness only.

6 ו

עַב כְּסוּת, וְתַכְרִיךְ כְּסוּת, מִדְרָס. עַב אַרְגָּמָן, וְתַכְרִיךְ אַרְגָּמָן, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, מִדְרָס. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, טְמֵא מֵת. עוֹר שֶׁעֲשָׂאוֹ חִפּוּי לִכְלִי, טָהוֹר. לְמִשְׁקָלוֹת, טָמֵא. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי מְטַהֵר מִשּׁוּם אָבִיו:

A bag or wrapper for garments is susceptible to midras. A bag or wrapper for purple wool: Bet Shammai says: it is susceptible to midras, But Bet Hillel says: it is susceptible only to corpse uncleanness. A hide which was made to be a covering for vessels is not susceptible to uncleanness, but for weights it is susceptible. Rabbi Yose says in the name of his father that it is pure.

7 ז

כָּל מָקוֹם שֶׁאֵין חֶסְרוֹן מְלָאכָה, מַחֲשָׁבָה מְטַמֵּאתָן. וְכָל מָקוֹם שֶׁיֶּשׁ חֶסְרוֹן מְלָאכָה, אֵין מַחֲשָׁבָה מְטַמֵּאתָן, אֶלָּא הָעֻצְבָּה:

Whenever no act is lacking, intention alone causes a vessel to be susceptible to uncleanness, But whenever an act is lacking, intention alone does not render it susceptible to uncleanness, except for a fur cover.

8 ח

עוֹרוֹת בַּעַל הַבַּיִת, מַחֲשָׁבָה מְטַמֵּאתָן. וְשֶׁל עַבְּדָן, אֵין מַחֲשָׁבָה מְטַמֵּאתָן. וְשֶׁל גַּנָּב, מַחֲשָׁבָה מְטַמֵּאתָן. וְשֶׁל גַּזְלָן, אֵין מַחֲשָׁבָה מְטַמֵּאתָן. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, חִלּוּף הַדְּבָרִים, שֶׁל גַּזְלָן, מַחֲשָׁבָה מְטַמֵּאתָן. וְשֶׁל גַּנָּב, אֵין מַחֲשָׁבָה מְטַמֵּאתָן, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁלֹּא נִתְיָאֲשׁוּ הַבְּעָלִים:

The hides of a householder become susceptible to uncleanness by intention, but those that belong to a tanner do not become susceptible by mere intention. Those taken by a thief become susceptible by intention, but those taken by a robber do not become susceptible by mere intention. Rabbi Shimon says: the rule is to be reversed; those taken by a robber become susceptible by mere intention, but those taken by a thief do not become susceptible by intention, since in the latter case the owner does not abandon hope for recovery.

9 ט

עוֹר שֶׁהוּא טָמֵא מִדְרָס, וְחִשַּׁב עָלָיו לִרְצוּעוֹת וּלְסַנְדָּלִין, כֵּיוָן שֶׁנָּתַן בּוֹ אֶת הָאִזְמֵל, טָהוֹר, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי יְהוּדָה. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, עַד שֶׁיְּמַעֲטֶנּוּ פָחוֹת מֵחֲמִשָּׁה טְפָחִים. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בַּר רַבִּי צָדוֹק אוֹמֵר, אַף הָעוֹשֶׂה מִטְפַּחַת מִן הָעוֹר, טְמֵאָה. וּמִן הַכֶּסֶת, טְהוֹרָה:

If a hide had contracted midras uncleanness and its owner then intended it to be used for straps or sandals, it becomes clean as soon as he put the knife to it, the words of Rabbi Judah. But the sages say: it does not become clean until he has reduced its size to less than five handbreadths. Rabbi Elazar bar Zadok says: even if one made a napkin from a hide it remains unclean, But if [he made one from] a covering it becomes clean.