2ב׳
1 א

רַבִּי חֲנִינָא סְגַן הַכֹּהֲנִים הֵעִיד אַרְבָּעָה דְבָרִים. מִימֵיהֶם שֶׁל כֹּהֲנִים לֹא נִמְנְעוּ מִלִּשְׂרֹף אֶת הַבָּשָׂר שֶׁנִּטְמָא בִּוְלַד הַטֻּמְאָה עִם הַבָּשָׂר שֶׁנִּטְמָא בְּאַב הַטֻּמְאָה, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמּוֹסִיפִין טֻמְאָה עַל טֻמְאָתוֹ. הוֹסִיף רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא, מִימֵיהֶם שֶׁל כֹּהֲנִים לֹא נִמְנְעוּ מִלְּהַדְלִיק אֶת הַשֶּׁמֶן שֶׁנִּפְסַל בִּטְבוּל יוֹם בְּנֵר שֶׁנִּטְמָא בִטְמֵא מֵת, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמּוֹסִיפִין טֻמְאָה עַל טֻמְאָתוֹ:

Rabbi Hanina, vice-chief of the priests, testified concerning four matters: Through all their days the priests never refrained from burning meat which had been defiled by an "offspring" of impurity with meat which had been made impure by a "father" of impurity, even though they were [thereby] increasing its impurity by a [higher] impurity. Rabbi Akiva added: Through all their days the priests never refrained from lighting oil which had been disqualified by a tevul yom [one who has already immersed in a ritual bath but is waiting for the sun to set to become fully pure] in a lamp defiled by one who was defiled by a corpse, even though they were [thereby] increasing its impurity by a [higher] impurity.

2 ב

אָמַר רַבִּי חֲנִינָא סְגַן הַכֹּהֲנִים, מִיָּמַי לֹא רָאִיתִי עוֹר יוֹצֵא לְבֵית הַשְּׂרֵפָה. אָמַר רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא, מִדְּבָרָיו לָמַדְנוּ, שֶׁהַמַּפְשִׁיט אֶת הַבְּכוֹר וְנִמְצָא טְרֵפָה, שֶׁיֵּאוֹתוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּעוֹרוֹ. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, לֹא רָאִינוּ אֵינוֹ רְאָיָה, אֶלָּא יוֹצֵא לְבֵית הַשְּׂרֵפָה:

Rabbi Hanina, vice-chief of the priests, said: All my days I never saw a hide taken out to the place of burning. Rabbi Akiva said: From his words we infer that whoever flays the hide of the firstborn [animal] and [the animal] is found to be torn apart, the priests may enjoy the use of the hide. But the Sages say: "We didn’t see" is not a proof; rather, [the hide must be] taken out to the place of burning.

3 ג

אַף הוּא הֵעִיד עַל כְּפָר קָטָן שֶׁהָיָה בְצַד יְרוּשָׁלַיִם, וְהָיָה בוֹ זָקֵן אֶחָד וְהָיָה מַלְוֶה לְכָל בְּנֵי הַכְּפָר וְכוֹתֵב בִּכְתַב יָדוֹ וַאֲחֵרִים חוֹתְמִים, וּבָא מַעֲשֶׂה לִפְנֵי חֲכָמִים וְהִתִּירוּ. לְפִי דַרְכְּךָ אַתָּה לָמֵד, שֶׁהָאִשָּׁה כּוֹתֶבֶת אֶת גִּטָּהּ וְהָאִישׁ כּוֹתֵב אֶת שׁוֹבְרוֹ, שֶׁאֵין קִיּוּם הַגֵּט אֶלָּא בְחוֹתְמָיו. וְעַל מַחַט שֶׁנִּמְצֵאת בַּבָּשָׂר, שֶׁהַסַּכִּין וְהַיָּדַיִם טְהוֹרוֹת, וְהַבָּשָׂר טָמֵא. וְאִם נִמְצֵאת בַּפֶּרֶשׁ, הַכֹּל טָהוֹר:

He also testified concerning a village which was next to Jerusalem, where there was an old man who used to lend to all the people of the village and write out [the loan documents] in his own handwriting [but] others signed it. And when the case came before the Sages, they permitted it. In your way, you may infer that a wife may write her own bill of divorce, and a husband may write his own receipt, for the document is only upheld by those who sign it. And concerning a needle which was found in flesh of a [sacrifice]: that the knife and the hands [which had touched the flesh] are pure, but the flesh itself is impure; and if it was found in the excrement, all are pure.

4 ד

שְׁלֹשָׁה דְבָרִים אָמַר רַבִּי יִשְׁמָעֵאל לִפְנֵי חֲכָמִים בַּכֶּרֶם בְּיַבְנֶה. עַל בֵּיצָה טְרוּפָה שֶׁהִיא נְתוּנָה עַל גַּבֵּי יָרָק שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה, שֶׁהִיא חִבּוּר. וְאִם הָיְתָה כְמִין כּוֹבַע, אֵינָהּ חִבּוּר. וְעַל שִׁבֹּלֶת שֶׁבַּקָּצִיר וְרֹאשָׁהּ מַגִּיעַ לַקָּמָה, אִם נִקְצְרָה עִם הַקָּמָה, הֲרֵי הִיא שֶׁל בַּעַל הַבַּיִת, וְאִם לָאו, הֲרֵי הִיא שֶׁל עֲנִיִּים. וְעַל גִּנָּה קְטַנָּה שֶׁהִיא מֻקֶּפֶת עָרִיס, אִם יֶשׁ בָּהּ כִּמְלֹא בוֹצֵר וְסַלּוֹ מִכָּאן וּמְלֹא בוֹצֵר וְסַלּוֹ מִכָּאן, תִּזָּרֵעַ. וְאִם לָאו, לֹא תִזָּרֵעַ:

Rabbi Yishmael said three things before the Sages in the vineyard at Yavneh: Concerning an egg which was beaten and placed on vegetables of terumah [the portion given to the priest]: that it acts as a connection; but if it was in the form of a helmet [i.e. a more substantial covering over the vegetables], it does not act as a connection. And concerning an ear of grain in the harvesting, the top of which reached the [adjacent] standing grain [when bent]: that if it can be reaped together with the standing grain, it belongs to the owner; and if not, it belongs to the poor. And concerning a small garden which was surrounded by a row of vines: that if it has space for the grape-gatherer and his basket on [one] side and space for the grape-gatherer and his basket on [the other] side, it may be sown with seed; but if not, it may not be sown with seed.

5 ה

שְׁלֹשָׁה דְבָרִים אָמְרוּ לִפְנֵי רַבִּי יִשְׁמָעֵאל, וְלֹא אָמַר בָּהֶם לֹא אִסּוּר וְהֶתֵּר, וּפֵרְשָׁן רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן מַתְיָא. הַמֵּפִיס מֻרְסָא בְּשַׁבָּת, אִם לַעֲשׂוֹת לָהּ פֶּה, חַיָּב, וְאִם לְהוֹצִיא מִמֶּנָּה לֵחָה, פָּטוּר. וְעַל הַצָּד נָחָשׁ בַּשַּׁבָּת, אִם מִתְעַסֵּק שֶׁלֹּא יִשְּׁכֶנּוּ, פָּטוּר, וְאִם לִרְפוּאָה, חַיָּב. וְעַל לְפָסִין אִירוֹנִיּוֹת, שֶׁהֵם טְהוֹרוֹת בְּאֹהֶל הַמֵּת וּטְמֵאוֹת בְּמַשָּׂא הַזָּב. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן צָדוֹק אוֹמֵר, אַף בְּמַשָּׂא הַזָּב, טְהוֹרוֹת, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁלֹּא נִגְמְרָה מְלַאכְתָּן:

They said three things in front of Rabbi Yishmael, and he did not say [whether] any of them [were] permitted or forbidden; and Rabbi Joshua the son of Matya explained them: One who lances an abscess on Shabbat: if it was to make an opening, he is liable; if it was to bring out the pus, he is exempt. And concerning one who hunts a snake on Shabbat: if he was occupied with it so that it should not bite him, he is exempt; but if [he was occupied with it] so that he might use it for medicine, he is liable. And concerning Ironian stewpots [clay pots made by villagers by forming a hollow sphere and breaking it in half]: that they do not contract impurity when under the same tent as a corpse, but they become impure if they are carried by a zav [one with an abnormal genital discharge]. Rabbi Eliezer the son of Zadok says: Even if they are carried by a zav they remain pure, because they are unfinished.

6 ו

שְׁלֹשָׁה דְבָרִים אָמַר רַבִּי יִשְׁמָעֵאל וְלֹא הוֹדָה לוֹ רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא. הַשּׁוּם וְהַבֹּסֶר וְהַמְּלִילוֹת שֶׁרִסְּקָן מִבְּעוֹד יוֹם, שֶׁרַבִּי יִשְׁמָעֵאל אוֹמֵר, יִגְמֹר מִשֶּׁתֶּחְשָׁךְ, וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, לֹא יִגְמֹר:

Rabbi Yishmael said three things, and Rabbi Akiva disagreed with him: Garlic or unripe grapes or green ears of grain which were being crushed [on the eve of the Sabbath] while it is yet day, Rabbi Yishmael says: He may finish crushing after it grows dark. But Rabbi Akiva says: He may not finish.

7 ז

שְׁלֹשָׁה דְבָרִים אָמְרוּ לִפְנֵי רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא, שְׁנַיִם מִשּׁוּם רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְאֶחָד מִשּׁוּם רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ. שְׁנַיִם מִשּׁוּם רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר, יוֹצֵאת אִשָּׁה בְעִיר שֶׁל זָהָב, וּמַפְרִיחֵי יוֹנִים פְּסוּלִים לְעֵדוּת. וְאֶחָד מִשּׁוּם רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, הַשֶּׁרֶץ בְּפִי חֻלְדָּה וּמְהַלֶּכֶת עַל גַּבֵּי כִכָּרוֹת שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה, סָפֵק נָגַע סָפֵק לֹא נָגַע, סְפֵקוֹ טָהוֹר:

Three things were said before Rabbi Akiva, two in the name of Rabbi Eliezer and one in the name of Rabbi Yehoshua. The two in the name of Rabbi Eliezer: A woman can go out [on the Sabbath] with a "city of gold" [a special, expensive headband], and those who race doves are invalid to testify. The one in the name of Rabbi Yehoshua: If there is a vermin in the mouth of a weasel and it is walking on top of loaves of terumah bread and it is unclear if it touched [the bread] or not, it is still pure.

8 ח

שְׁלֹשָׁה דְבָרִים אָמַר רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא, עַל שְׁנַיִם הוֹדוּ לוֹ וְעַל אֶחָד לֹא הוֹדוּ לוֹ. עַל סַנְדָּל שֶׁל סַיָּדִים, שֶׁהוּא טָמֵא מִדְרָס. וְעַל שְׁיָרֵי תַנּוּר אַרְבָּעָה, שֶׁהָיוּ אוֹמְרִים שְׁלֹשָׁה. וְהוֹדוּ לוֹ. וְעַל אֶחָד לֹא הוֹדוּ לוֹ, עַל כִּסֵּא שֶׁנִּטְּלוּ שְׁנַיִם מֵחִפּוּיָיו זֶה בְּצַד זֶה, שֶׁרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא מְטַמֵּא וַחֲכָמִים מְטַהֲרִין:

Rabbi Akiva said three things; about two they agreed with him, and about one they disagreed with him: About a lime-burner’s sandal, that it is liable to contract midras impurity [an impurity imparted by a zav on things upon which one normally walks]. And about the remains of a [broken] oven, [that they must be] four [handbreadths in order to retain impurity], whereas they used to say [the remains must be] three [handbreadths]. And they agreed with him. And about one they disagreed with him: About a chair, from which two of its adjacent covering-boards had been removed, which Rabbi Akiva declared [susceptible to] impurity, but the Sages declared not [susceptible to] impurity.

9 ט

הוּא הָיָה אוֹמֵר, הָאָב זוֹכֶה לַבֵּן, בַּנּוֹי, וּבַכֹּחַ, וּבָעֹשֶׁר, וּבַחָכְמָה, וּבַשָּׁנִים, וּבְמִסְפַּר הַדּוֹרוֹת לְפָנָיו, וְהוּא הַקֵּץ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה מא) קֹרֵא הַדֹּרוֹת מֵרֹאשׁ, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (בראשית טו), וַעֲבָדוּם וְעִנּוּ אֹתָם אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה, וְנֶאֱמַר (שם), וְדוֹר רְבִיעִי יָשׁוּבוּ הֵנָּה:

He used to say: the father transmits to the son beauty, strength, wealth, wisdom, and years. And the number of generations before Him, and that shall be their appointed end: For it is said, "calling the generations from the beginning" (Isaiah 41:4). Although it is said, "And shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years" (Genesis 15:13), it is also said, "And in the fourth generation they shall return again" (Genesis 15:16).

10 י

אַף הוּא הָיָה אוֹמֵר, חֲמִשָּׁה דְבָרִים שֶׁל שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט דּוֹר הַמַּבּוּל, שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט אִיּוֹב, שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט הַמִּצְרִיִּים, שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט גּוֹג וּמָגוֹג לֶעָתִיד לָבֹא, שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט רְשָׁעִים בְּגֵיהִנֹּם, שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה סו), וְהָיָה מִדֵּי חֹדֶשׁ בְּחָדְשׁוֹ. רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן בֶּן נוּרִי אוֹמֵר, מִן הַפֶּסַח וְעַד הָעֲצֶרֶת, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר וּמִדֵּי שַׁבָּת בְּשַׁבַּתּוֹ:

He also used to say that there are five things that [last] twelve months: The judgment of the generation of the flood, twelve months; The judgment of Job, twelve months; The judgment of the Egyptians, twelve months; The judgment of Gog and Magog in the time to come, twelve months; The judgment of the wicked in hell, twelve months, for it is said, "And it will be from [one] month until the [next appearance of the same] month" (Isaiah 66:23). Rabbi Yohanan the son of Nuri says: From Passover to Shavuot, for it is said, "And from one sabbath until the [next] sabbath" (ibid.).