7ז׳
1 א

גִּיד הַנָּשֶׁה נוֹהֵג בָּאָרֶץ וּבְחוּצָה לָאָרֶץ, בִּפְנֵי הַבַּיִת וְשֶׁלֹּא בִפְנֵי הַבַּיִת, בְּחֻלִּין וּבְמֻקְדָּשִׁים. וְנוֹהֵג בִּבְהֵמָה וּבְחַיָּה, בְּיָרֵךְ שֶׁל יָמִין וּבְיָרֵךְ שֶׁל שְׂמֹאל. וְאֵינוֹ נוֹהֵג בְּעוֹף, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵין לוֹ כָף. וְנוֹהֵג בְּשָׁלִיל. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אֵינוֹ נוֹהֵג בְּשָׁלִיל. וְחֶלְבּוֹ מֻתָּר. וְאֵין הַטַּבָּחִין נֶאֱמָנִין עַל גִּיד הַנָּשֶׁה, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי מֵאִיר. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, נֶאֱמָנִין עָלָיו וְעַל הַחֵלֶב:

[The prohibition against eating] the sciatic nerve applies in the land [of Israel] and outside of the land, during the time of the Temple and not during the time of the Temple, for chulin [animals or food permitted for general consumption] and for mukdashim [animals or food which are holy and not available for general consumption]. And it applies to domesticated and wild animals, for the right thigh and the left thigh. But it does not apply to a bird since it does not have a spoon [shaped hip]. And it applies to a fetus. Rabbi Yehuda says, "It does not apply for a fetus. And its chelev [fats around the stomach, intestines, and kidneys of some animals which are forbidden for eating] is permissible." "And the butchers are not believed regarding [the removal] of the sciatic nerve," in the words of Rabbi Meir. But the Sages say, "They are believed about it and about chelev."

2 ב

שׁוֹלֵחַ אָדָם יָרֵךְ לְנָכְרִי שֶׁגִּיד הַנָּשֶׁה בְתוֹכָהּ, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁמְּקוֹמוֹ נִכָּר. הַנּוֹטֵל גִּיד הַנָּשֶׁה, צָרִיךְ שֶׁיִּטֹּל אֶת כֻּלּוֹ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, כְּדֵי לְקַיֵּם בּוֹ מִצְוַת נְטִילָה:

A person [may] send a thigh to a non-Jew with the sciatic nerve inside of it, since its location is recognized. One who removes the sciatic nerve needs to remove all of it. Rabbi Yehuda says, "In order to fulfill the commandment of removal."

3 ג

הָאוֹכֵל מִגִּיד הַנָּשֶׁה כַזַּיִת, סוֹפֵג אַרְבָּעִים. אֲכָלוֹ וְאֵין בּוֹ כַזַּיִת, חַיָּב. אָכַל מִזֶּה כַזַּיִת וּמִזֶּה כַזַּיִת, סוֹפֵג שְׁמוֹנִים. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אֵינוֹ סוֹפֵג אֶלָּא אַרְבָּעִים:

One who eats an olive-sized [volume] from the sciatic nerve receives forty [lashes]. [If] he ate from it but it did not have an olive-sized [volume], he is liable. [If] he ate from this one an olive size and from this an olive size, he receives eighty [lashes]. Rabbi Yehuda says, "He only receives forty."

4 ד

יָרֵךְ שֶׁנִּתְבַּשֵּׁל בָּהּ גִּיד הַנָּשֶׁה, אִם יֶשׁ בָּהּ בְּנוֹתֵן טַעַם, הֲרֵי זוֹ אֲסוּרָה. כֵּיצַד מְשַׁעֲרִין אוֹתָהּ. כְּבָשָׂר בְּלָפֶת:

A thigh in which the sciatic nerve was cooked, if it has [enough] to give flavor [to the thigh], this [thigh] is forbidden. How do we measure it? Like meat [cooked] with a turnip.

5 ה

גִּיד הַנָּשֶׁה שֶׁנִּתְבַּשֵּׁל עִם הַגִּידִים, בִּזְמַן שֶׁמַּכִּירוֹ, בְּנוֹתֵן טַעַם, וְאִם לָאו, כֻּלָּן אֲסוּרִין. וְהָרֹטֶב, בְּנוֹתֵן טָעַם. וְכֵן חֲתִיכָה שֶׁל נְבֵלָה, וְכֵן חֲתִיכָה שֶׁל דָּג טָמֵא, שֶׁנִּתְבַּשְּׁלוּ עִם הַחֲתִיכוֹת, בִּזְמַן שֶׁמַּכִּירָן, בְּנוֹתֵן טַעַם. וְאִם לָאו, כֻּלָּן אֲסוּרוֹת. וְהָרֹטֶב, בְּנוֹתֵן טָעַם:

A sciatic nerve that was cooked with other nerves, at a time when one [still] recognizes it, [the standard for forbidding] is when it gives flavor. If [it is] not [recognized], all of it is forbidden. And [in] broth, when it gives flavor. And so too with a piece of a nevelah [an improperly slaughtered animal of a permitted species], and so too with a piece of prohibited fish which was cooked with [other] pieces: at a time when one recognized them, [the standard] is when it gives flavor; and if [it is] not [recognized], they are all forbidden. And for the broth [the standard] is when it gives flavor.

6 ו

נוֹהֵג בִּטְהוֹרָה, וְאֵינוֹ נוֹהֵג בִּטְמֵאָה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אַף בִּטְמֵאָה. אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה, וַהֲלֹא מִבְּנֵי יַעֲקֹב נֶאֱסַר גִּיד הַנָּשֶׁה, וַעֲדַיִן בְּהֵמָה טְמֵאָה מֻתֶּרֶת לָהֶן. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, בְּסִינַי נֶאֱמַר, אֶלָּא שֶׁנִּכְתַּב בִּמְקוֹמוֹ:

[The prohibition against eating the sciatic nerve] applies for permitted [animals] but does not apply for prohibited ones. Rabbi Yehuda says, "Even for prohibited ones." Said Rabbi Yehuda,"For from the [time of] the sons of Ya'akov the sciatic nerve was forbidden, and prohibited animals were still permitted to them." They said to him, "[The prohibition] was stated at Sinai, but it was written [about] in its place."