Mishnah Chullin
1א׳
1 א

הַכֹּל שׁוֹחֲטִין וּשְׁחִיטָתָן כְּשֵׁרָה, חוּץ מֵחֵרֵשׁ, שׁוֹטֶה, וְקָטָן, שֶׁמָּא יְקַלְקְלוּ בִשְׁחִיטָתָן. וְכֻלָּן שֶׁשָּׁחֲטוּ וַאֲחֵרִים רוֹאִין אוֹתָן, שְׁחִיטָתָן כְּשֵׁרָה. שְׁחִיטַת נָכְרִי, נְבֵלָה, וּמְטַמְּאָה בְמַשָּׂא. הַשּׁוֹחֵט בַּלַּיְלָה, וְכֵן הַסּוּמָא שֶׁשָּׁחַט, שְׁחִיטָתוֹ כְשֵׁרָה. הַשּׁוֹחֵט בְּשַׁבָּת, וּבְיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמִּתְחַיֵּב בְּנַפְשׁוֹ, שְׁחִיטָתוֹ כְשֵׁרָה:

Anyone [may] slaughter - and his slaughter is valid - except for a deaf-mute, a shoteh [a person who exhibits signs demonstrating a lack of ability to think clearly], or a minor, lest they spoil the slaughter. But all who slaughter while others are watching them: their slaughter is valid. The slaughter of a non-Jew is a nevelah [an improperly slaughtered animal of a permitted species] and renders impure through carrying. One who slaughters at night, and so too a blind person who slaughters, his slaughter is valid. One who slaughters on Shabbat, or on Yom Kippur, even though he is liable for death, his slaughter is valid.

2 ב

הַשּׁוֹחֵט בְּמַגַּל יָד, בְּצוֹר, וּבְקָנֶה, שְׁחִיטָתוֹ כְשֵׁרָה. הַכֹּל שׁוֹחֲטִין וּלְעוֹלָם שׁוֹחֲטִין, וּבַכֹּל שׁוֹחֲטִין, חוּץ מִמַּגַּל קָצִיר, וְהַמְּגֵרָה, וְהַשִּׁנַּיִם, וְהַצִּפֹּרֶן, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֵן חוֹנְקִין. הַשּׁוֹחֵט בְּמַגַּל קָצִיר בְּדֶרֶךְ הֲלִיכָתָהּ, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי פּוֹסְלִין, וּבֵית הִלֵּל מַכְשִׁירִין. וְאִם הֶחֱלִיקוּ שִׁנֶּיהָ, הֲרֵי הִיא כְסַכִּין:

If one slaughters with a hand sickle, a flint stone, or with a reed, his slaughter is valid. All [may] slaughter, they may slaughter at any time, and they may slaughter with anything, except a reaping sickle, a saw, teeth, or a finger nail, because they strangle. One who slaughters with a reaping sickle along the direction [of the teeth], Beit Shammai invalidates, but Beit Hillel validated. If its teeth were smoothed, it is like a knife.

3 ג

הַשּׁוֹחֵט מִתּוֹךְ הַטַּבַּעַת וְשִׁיֵּר בָּהּ מְלֹא הַחוּט עַל פְּנֵי כֻלָּהּ, שְׁחִיטָתוֹ כְשֵׁרָה. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי בַּר יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, מְלֹא הַחוּט עַל פְּנֵי רֻבָּהּ:

One who slaughters through the ring of the windpipe and left on it a thread's breadth around the whole of it [the circumference], his slaughter is valid. Rabbi Yose ben Rabbi Yehuda says, "[Even] a thread's breadth around the majority of it."

4 ד

הַשּׁוֹחֵט מִן הַצְּדָדִין שְׁחִיטָתוֹ כְשֵׁרָה. הַמּוֹלֵק מִן הַצְּדָדִין, מְלִיקָתוֹ פְסוּלָה. הַשּׁוֹחֵט מִן הָעֹרֶף, שְׁחִיטָתוֹ פְסוּלָה. הַמּוֹלֵק מִן הָעֹרֶף, מְלִיקָתוֹ כְשֵׁרָה. הַשּׁוֹחֵט מִן הַצַּוָּאר, שְׁחִיטָתוֹ כְשֵׁרָה. הַמּוֹלֵק מִן הַצַּוָּאר, מְלִיקָתוֹ פְסוּלָה, שֶׁכָּל הָעֹרֶף כָּשֵׁר לִמְלִיקָה, וְכָל הַצַּוָּאר כָּשֵׁר לִשְׁחִיטָה. נִמְצָא, כָּשֵׁר בִּשְׁחִיטָה, פָּסוּל בִּמְלִיקָה. כָּשֵׁר בִּמְלִיקָה, פָּסוּל בִּשְׁחִיטָה:

One who slaughters from the sides, his slaughter is valid. One who performs melikah [a slaughtering method used for bird sacrifices, employing the thumbnail instead of a knife] from the sides, his melikah is invalid. One who slaughters from the back of the neck, his slaughter is invalid. One who performs melikah from the back of the neck, his melikah is valid. One who slaughters from the throat, his slaughter is valid. One who performs melikah from the throat, his melikah is invalid, for the entire back of the neck is valid for melikah, and the entire throat is valid for slaughtering. As a result, [that which is] valid regarding slaughter is invalid regarding melikah and [that which is] valid regarding melikah is invalid regarding slaughter.

5 ה

כָּשֵׁר בַּתּוֹרִין, פָּסוּל בִּבְנֵי יוֹנָה. כָּשֵׁר בִּבְנֵי יוֹנָה, פָּסוּל בַּתּוֹרִין. תְּחִלַּת הַצִּהוּב, בָּזֶה וּבָזֶה פָּסוּל:

[That which is] valid regarding pigeons is invalid regarding turtle-doves. [That which is] valid regarding turtle-doves is invalid regarding pigeons. [At] the beginning of yellowing [of the feathers] with either this or that, they [become] invalid [as sacrifices].

6 ו

כָּשֵׁר בַּפָּרָה, פָּסוּל בָּעֶגְלָה. כָּשֵׁר בָּעֶגְלָה, פָּסוּל בַּפָּרָה. כָּשֵׁר בַּכֹּהֲנִים, פָּסוּל בַּלְוִיִּם. כָּשֵׁר בַּלְוִיִּם, פָּסוּל בַּכֹּהֲנִים. טָהוֹר בִּכְלֵי חֶרֶשׂ, טָמֵא בְכָל הַכֵּלִים. טָהוֹר בְּכָל הַכֵּלִים, טָמֵא בִכְלֵי חָרֶשׂ. טָהוֹר בִּכְלֵי עֵץ, טָמֵא בִכְלֵי מַתָּכוֹת. טָהוֹר בִּכְלֵי מַתָּכוֹת, טָמֵא בִכְלֵי עֵץ. הַחַיָּב בַּשְּׁקֵדִים הַמָּרִים, פָּטוּר בַּמְּתוּקִים. הַחַיָּב בַּמְּתוּקִים, פָּטוּר בַּמָּרִים:

[That which is] valid for the red heifer is invalid for the eglah arufah [a calf whose neck is broken to atone for an unsolved murder]. [That which is] valid for the eglah arufah is invalid for the red heifer. [That which is] valid for Kohanim [member of the priestly caste, a subgroup of tribe of Levi, which is uniquely responsible for maintaining and carrying out the sacrificial services in the Temple] is invalid for Levites. [That which is] valid regarding Levites is invalid regarding Kohanim. [That which is] pure for earthenware vessels is impure for all the [other] vessels. [That which is] pure for all the [other] vessels is impure for earthenware vessels. [That which is] pure for wooden vessels is impure for metal vessels. [That which is] pure for metal vessels, is impure for wooden vessels. The [conditions] which obligate bitter almonds [for tithes], exempt for sweet ones. Those which obligate for sweet almonds, exempt for bitter ones.

7 ז

הַתֶּמֶד, עַד שֶׁלֹּא הֶחֱמִיץ, אֵינוֹ נִקָּח בְּכֶסֶף מַעֲשֵׂר, וּפוֹסֵל אֶת הַמִּקְוֶה. מִשֶּׁהֶחֱמִיץ, נִקָּח בְּכֶסֶף מַעֲשֵׂר וְאֵינוֹ פוֹסֵל אֶת הַמִּקְוֶה. הָאַחִין הַשֻּׁתָּפִין, כְּשֶׁחַיָּבִין בַּקָּלְבּוֹן, פְּטוּרִין מִמַּעְשַׂר בְּהֵמָה. כְּשֶׁחַיָּבִין בְּמַעְשַׂר בְּהֵמָה, פְּטוּרִין מִן הַקָּלְבּוֹן. כָּל מָקוֹם שֶׁיֵּשׁ מֶכֶר, אֵין קְנַס. וְכָל מָקוֹם שֶׁיֵּשׁ קְנַס, אֵין מָכֶר. כָּל מָקוֹם שֶׁיֵּשׁ מֵאוּן, אֵין חֲלִיצָה. וְכָל מָקוֹם שֶׁיֵּשׁ חֲלִיצָה, אֵין מֵאוּן. כָּל מָקוֹם שֶׁיֵּשׁ תְּקִיעָה, אֵין הַבְדָּלָה. וְכָל מָקוֹם שֶׁיֵּשׁ הַבְדָּלָה, אֵין תְּקִיעָה. יוֹם טוֹב שֶׁחָל לִהְיוֹת בְּעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת, תּוֹקְעִין וְלֹא מַבְדִּילִין. בְּמוֹצָאֵי שַׁבָּת, מַבְדִּילִין וְלֹא תוֹקְעִין. כֵּיצַד מַבְדִּילִין, הַמַּבְדִּיל בֵּין קֹדֶשׁ לְקֹדֶשׁ. רַבִּי דוֹסָא אוֹמֵר, בֵּין קֹדֶשׁ חָמוּר לְקֹדֶשׁ הַקַּל:

An infusion of grape by-products, while it has not yet fermented, is not purchased with the money of ma'aser [sheni] [the second tithe of produce, which must be taken to Jerusalem and consumed there] and invalidates a mikveh [water collected by natural means used to cleanse ritual impurity]. From the time that it has fermented, it may be purchased with the money of ma'aser [sheni], and does not invalidate a mikveh. Brothers who are partners, when they are obligated for the kalbon [a surcharge added to the half a shekel given to the Temple due to exchanging a full shekel], they are exempt regarding ma'aser behemah [the tithe of every tenth animal from the flock or cattle, which is brought as a sacrifice]. When they are obligated for ma'aser behemah they are exempt for the kalbon. Any place there is a right of sale [for a father with his daughter], there are no fine [for raping or seducing the daughter]. And any place there is a fine, there is no right of sale. Any place there is mi'un [the refusal of a marriage by a fatherless child married off by her mother or brother , retroactively annulling the marriage], there is no chalitzah [the ceremony performed to release a widow of a childless man from the obligation of Levirate marriage]. And any place where there is chalitzah, there is no mi'un. Any place where there is a [shofar] blast [on the eve of Shabbat], there is no havdalah [ceremony marking the transition from sacred time to secular or less sacred time]. And any place where there is havdalah, there is no blast. [For] a festival which falls out on the eve of the Shabbat, we sound a blast and do not make havdalah. [If it falls out] at the end of Shabbat, havdalah is said, but the blast is not sounded. How is havdalah said [when a festival falls out on the day after Shabbat]? "Who makes a distinction between holy and holy." Rabbi Dosa says, "Between heavy holiness and light holiness."