2ב׳
1 א

פֵּרוֹת חוּצָה לָאָרֶץ שֶׁנִּכְנְסוּ לָאָרֶץ, חַיָּבִים בַּחַלָּה. יָצְאוּ מִכָּאן לְשָׁם, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מְחַיֵּב, וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא פּוֹטֵר:

Produce [grown] outside the land [of Israel] that came into the land is subject to Hallah. [If it] went out from here to there: Rabbi Eliezer makes it liable, But Rabbi Akiva makes it exempt.

2 ב

עֲפַר חוּצָה לָאָרֶץ שֶׁבָּא בִסְפִינָה לָאָרֶץ, חַיֶּבֶת בַּמַּעַשְׂרוֹת וּבַשְּׁבִיעִית. אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה, אֵימָתַי, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהַסְּפִינָה גוֹשֶׁשֶׁת. עִסָּה שֶׁנִּלּוֹשָׁה בְמֵי פֵרוֹת, חַיֶּבֶת בַּחַלָּה, וְנֶאֱכֶלֶת בְּיָדַיִם מְסוֹאָבוֹת:

Earth from outside the land has come to the land [of Israel] in a boat, [the produce grown in it] is subject to tithes and to the [law relating to] the seventh year. Rabbi Judah: when does this apply? When the boat touches [the ground]. Dough which has been kneaded with fruit-juice is subject to hallah, and may be eaten with unclean hands.

3 ג

הָאִשָּׁה יוֹשֶׁבֶת וְקוֹצָה חַלָּתָהּ עֲרֻמָּה, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהִיא יְכוֹלָה לְכַסּוֹת עַצְמָהּ, אֲבָל לֹא הָאִישׁ. מִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ יָכוֹל לַעֲשׂוֹת עִסָּתוֹ בְטָהֳרָה, יַעֲשֶׂנָּה קַבִּין, וְאַל יַעֲשֶׂנָּה בְטֻמְאָה. וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, יַעֲשֶׂנָּה בְטֻמְאָה וְאַל יַעֲשֶׂנָּה קַבִּים, שֶׁכְּשֵׁם שֶׁהוּא קוֹרֵא לַטְּהוֹרָה, כָּךְ הוּא קוֹרֵא לַטְּמֵאָה, לְזוֹ קוֹרֵא חַלָּה בַשֵּׁם וּלְזוֹ קוֹרֵא חַלָּה בַשֵּׁם, אֲבָל קַבַּיִם אֵין לָהֶם חֵלֶק בַּשֵּׁם:

A woman may sit and separate hallah while she is naked, since she can cover herself but a man may not. If one is not able to make one's dough in cleanness he should make it [in separate] kavs, rather than make it in uncleanness. But Rabbi Akiva says: let him make it in uncleanness rather than make it [in separate] kavs, just as he calls the clean, so too he calls the unclean; this one he cals hallah with the Name, and the other he also calls hallah with the Name, but [separate] kavs have no portion [devoted] to the Name.

4 ד

הָעוֹשֶׂה עִסָּתוֹ קַבִּים וְנָגְעוּ זֶה בָזֶה, פְּטוּרִים מִן הַחַלָּה עַד שֶׁיִּשּׁוֹכוּ. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אַף הָרוֹדֶה וְנוֹתֵן לַסַּל, הַסַּל מְצָרְפָן לַחַלָּה:

One who makes his dough [in separate] kavs, and they touch one another, they are exempt from hallah unless they stick together. Rabbi Eliezer says: also if one takes out [loaves from an oven] and puts [them] into a basket, the basket joins them together for [the purposes of] hallah.

5 ה

הַמַּפְרִישׁ חַלָּתוֹ קֶמַח, אֵינָהּ חַלָּה, וְגָזֵל בְּיַד כֹּהֵן. הָעִסָּה עַצְמָהּ, חַיֶּבֶת בַּחַלָּה. וְהַקֶּמַח, אִם יֶשׁ בּוֹ כַשִּׁעוּר, חַיֶּבֶת בַּחַלָּה, וַאֲסוּרָה לְזָרִים, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, מַעֲשֶׂה וּקְפָשָׁהּ זָקֵן זָר. אָמַר לָהֶם, אַף הוּא קִלְקֵל לְעַצְמוֹ וְתִקֵּן לַאֲחֵרִים:

If one separates his hallah [while it is still] flour, it is not hallah, and in the hand of a priest it is considered stolen property. The dough is still subject to hallah; And the flour, if there is the minimum quantity, it [also is] subject to hallah. And it is prohibited to non-priests, the words of Rabbi Joshua. They said to him: It happened that a non-priest sage seized it [for himself]. He said to them: He did something damaging to himself, but he benefited others.

6 ו

חֲמֵשֶׁת רְבָעִים קֶמַח, חַיָּבִים בַּחַלָּה. הֵם וּשְׂאֹרָן וְסֻבָּן וּמֻרְסָנָן חֲמֵשֶׁת רְבָעִים, חַיָּבִין. נִטַּל מֻרְסָנָן מִתּוֹכָן וְחָזַר לְתוֹכָן, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ פְטוּרִין:

Five-fourths [of a kav] of flour are subject to hallah. If their leaven, their light bran and their coarse bran [make up the] five-fourths, they are subject. If their coarse bran had been removed from them and returned to them, they are exempt.

7 ז

שִׁעוּר הַחַלָּה, אֶחָד מֵעֶשְׂרִים וְאַרְבָּעָה. הָעוֹשֶׂה עִסָּה לְעַצְמוֹ, וְהָעוֹשֶׂה לְמִשְׁתֵּה בְנוֹ, אֶחָד מֵעֶשְׂרִים וְאַרְבָּעָה. נַחְתּוֹם שֶׁהוּא עוֹשֶׂה לִמְכֹּר בַּשּׁוּק, וְכֵן הָאִשָּׁה שֶׁהִיא עוֹשָׂה לִמְכֹּר בַּשּׁוּק, אֶחָד מֵאַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁמֹנָה. נִטְמֵאת עִסָּתָהּ שׁוֹגֶגֶת אוֹ אֲנוּסָה, אֶחָד מֵאַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁמֹנָה. נִטְמֵאת מְזִידָה, אֶחָד מֵעֶשְׂרִים וְאַרְבָּעָה, כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא יְהֵא חוֹטֵא נִשְׂכָּר:

The [minimum] measure of hallah is one twenty-fourth [part of the dough]. If he makes dough for himself, or if he makes it for his son’s [wedding] banquet, it is one twenty-fourth. If a baker makes to sell in the market, and so [also] if a woman makes to sell in the market, it is one forty-eighth. If dough is made unclean either unwittingly or by an unforeseeable circumstance, it is one forty-eighth. If it was made unclean intentionally, it is one twenty-fourth, in order that a sinner should not profit.

8 ח

רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, נִטֶּלֶת מִן הַטָּהוֹר עַל הַטָּמֵא. כֵּיצַד, עִסָּה טְהוֹרָה וְעִסָּה טְמֵאָה, נוֹטֵל כְּדֵי חַלָּה מֵעִסָּה שֶׁלֹּא הוּרָם חַלָּתָהּ, וְנוֹתֵן פָּחוֹת מִכַּבֵּיצָה בָּאֶמְצַע, כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּטֹּל מִן הַמֻּקָּף. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹסְרִין:

Rabbi Eliezer says: Hallah may be taken from [dough] that is clean, [in order to exempt] that which is unclean. How [may this be done]? [If one has] clean dough and unclean dough, he takes sufficient hallah out of the [clean] dough whose hallah has not yet been taken, and puts [dough] less than the size of an egg in the middle, in order that he may take off [the hallah] from what is close together. But the sages prohibit.