9ט׳
1 א

הַגּוֹזֵל עֵצִים, וַעֲשָׂאָן כֵּלִים, צֶמֶר, וַעֲשָׂאָן בְּגָדִים, מְשַׁלֵּם כִּשְׁעַת הַגְּזֵלָה. גָּזַל פָּרָה מְעֻבֶּרֶת, וְיָלְדָה, רָחֵל טְעוּנָה, וּגְזָזָהּ, מְשַׁלֵּם דְּמֵי פָרָה הָעוֹמֶדֶת לֵילֵד, דְּמֵי רָחֵל הָעוֹמֶדֶת לִגָּזֵז. גָּזַל פָּרָה, וְנִתְעַבְּרָה אֶצְלוֹ וְיָלְדָה, רָחֵל, וְנִטְעֲנָה אֶצְלוֹ וּגְזָזָהּ, מְשַׁלֵּם כִּשְׁעַת הַגְּזֵלָה. זֶה הַכְּלָל, כָּל הַגַּזְלָנִים מְשַׁלְּמִין כִּשְׁעַת הַגְּזֵלָה:

One who stole wood and made them into utensils, or [stole] wool and made it into garments, he makes restitution according to the moment of theft. If he stole a pregnant cow and it gave birth, or [stole] a fleeced ewe, and he sheared it, he repays the value of a cow about to bear young, or [the value of] a sheep ready to be sheared. If he stole a cow, and while it was with him it was impregnated and bore young, or [if he stole a sheep] and while it was with him it grew wool and he sheared it, he makes restitution according to the moment of theft. This is the general rule: all robbers make restitution according to the moment of theft.

2 ב

גָּזַל בְּהֵמָה וְהִזְקִינָה, עֲבָדִים וְהִזְקִינוּ, מְשַׁלֵּם כִּשְׁעַת הַגְּזֵלָה. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, בַּעֲבָדִים אוֹמֵר לוֹ, הֲרֵי שֶׁלְּךָ לְפָנֶיךָ. גָּזַל מַטְבֵּעַ וְנִסְדַּק, פֵּרוֹת וְהִרְקִיבוּ, יַיִן וְהֶחְמִיץ, מְשַׁלֵּם כִּשְׁעַת הַגְּזֵלָה. מַטְבֵּעַ וְנִפְסַל, תְּרוּמָה וְנִטְמֵאת, חָמֵץ וְעָבַר עָלָיו הַפֶּסַח, בְּהֵמָה וְנֶעֶבְדָה בָהּ עֲבֵרָה, אוֹ שֶׁנִּפְסְלָה מֵעַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, אוֹ שֶׁהָיְתָה יוֹצֵאת לִסָּקֵל, אוֹמֵר לוֹ, הֲרֵי שֶׁלְּךָ לְפָנֶיךָ:

If he stole a beast and it grew old, or [he stole] slaves and they grew old, he makes restitution according to the moment of the theft. Rabbi Meir says: As for slaves he [the thief] may say to him, "Behold, what is yours is before you.’” If he stole a coin and it cracked, [if he stole] produce and it rotted, wine and it soured, he must make restitution according to the moment of the theft. But if he stole a coin and it went out of use [as currency], or it became terumah [portion given to the Kohen] and it became ritually unclean, or if it was leaven and the time of Passover passed [while it was in his possession], or a beast and it was used for a transgression, or became unfit to be offered on the altar or it was going out to be stoned, he may say to him, “behold, what is yours is before you.”

3 ג

נָתַן לְאֻמָּנִין לְתַקֵּן, וְקִלְקְלוּ, חַיָּבִין לְשַׁלֵּם. נָתַן לְחָרָשׁ שִׁדָּה, תֵּבָה וּמִגְדָּל לְתַקֵּן, וְקִלְקֵל, חַיָּב לְשַׁלֵּם. וְהַבַּנַּאי שֶׁקִּבֵּל עָלָיו לִסְתֹּר אֶת הַכֹּתֶל, וְשִׁבֵּר אֶת הָאֲבָנִים אוֹ שֶׁהִזִּיק, חַיָּב לְשַׁלֵּם. הָיָה סוֹתֵר מִצַּד זֶה וְנָפַל מִצַּד אַחֵר, פָּטוּר. וְאִם מֵחֲמַת הַמַּכָּה, חַיָּב:

If he gave to craftsmen to repair, and they ruined it, they must make restitution. If he gave a carpenter a litter, chest or cupboard to repair, and he ruined it, he must make restitution. If a builder undertook to tear down a wall, and he broke the stones or caused damage, he must make restitution. If he was tearing down on one side and it fell down on the other side, he is exempt; However, if it fell due to the blow, he is liable.

4 ד

הַנּוֹתֵן צֶמֶר לְצַבָּע, וְהִקְדִּיחָתוֹ יוֹרָה, נוֹתֵן לוֹ דְּמֵי צַמְרוֹ. צְבָעוֹ כָאוּר, אִם הַשֶּׁבַח יוֹתֵר עַל הַיְצִיאָה, נוֹתֵן לוֹ אֶת הַיְצִיאָה, וְאִם הַיְצִיאָה יְתֵרָה עַל הַשֶּׁבַח, נוֹתֵן לוֹ אֶת הַשֶּׁבַח. לִצְבֹּעַ לוֹ אָדֹם, וּצְבָעוֹ שָׁחֹר, שָׁחֹר, וּצְבָעוֹ אָדֹם, רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, נוֹתֵן לוֹ דְּמֵי צַמְרוֹ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אִם הַשֶּׁבַח יָתֵר עַל הַיְצִיאָה, נוֹתֵן לוֹ אֶת הַיְצִיאָה, וְאִם הַיְצִיאָה יְתֵרָה עַל הַשֶּׁבַח, נוֹתֵן לוֹ אֶת הַשֶּׁבַח:

One who gave wool to a dyer and the cauldron burned it, he [the dyer] must give him the value of the wool. If he dyed it poorly: if the improvement was more than the cost of the dyeing, he must pay him the cost of the dying; if the cost of the dyeing was more than the improvement, he must give only the improvement. To dye it red and he dyed it black; black and he dyed it red: Rabbi Meir says: He must give him the cost of the wool. Rabbi Yehudah says: If the improvement was more than the dyeing, he must give him the cost of the dying; if the cost of the dyeing was more than the improvement, he gives only the improvement.

5 ה

הַגּוֹזֵל אֶת חֲבֵרוֹ שָׁוֶה פְרוּטָה, וְנִשְׁבַּע לוֹ, יוֹלִיכֶנּוּ אַחֲרָיו אֲפִלּוּ לְמָדַי. לֹא יִתֵּן לֹא לִבְנוֹ וְלֹא לִשְׁלוּחוֹ, אֲבָל נוֹתֵן לִשְׁלִיחַ בֵּית דִּין. וְאִם מֵת, יַחֲזִיר לְיוֹרְשָׁיו:

If one robbed his friend the value of a perutah and swore to him [that he had not stolen it but then later confessed], he must carry it after him even as far as Media [the restitution]. He can not give it to his son and not to his messenger, but he can give it to a messenger of the Beit Din and if he died [the robbed person], he returns it to his heirs.

6 ו

נָתַן לוֹ אֶת הַקֶּרֶן וְלֹא נָתַן לוֹ אֶת הַחֹמֶשׁ, מָחַל לוֹ עַל הַקֶּרֶן וְלֹא מָחַל לוֹ עַל הַחֹמֶשׁ, מָחַל לוֹ עַל זֶה וְעַל זֶה חוּץ מִפָּחוֹת מִשָּׁוֶה פְרוּטָה בַקֶּרֶן, אֵינוֹ צָרִיךְ לֵילֵךְ אַחֲרָיו. נָתַן לוֹ אֶת הַחֹמֶשׁ וְלֹא נָתַן לוֹ אֶת הַקֶּרֶן, מָחַל לוֹ עַל הַחֹמֶשׁ וְלֹא מָחַל לוֹ עַל הַקֶּרֶן, מָחַל לוֹ עַל זֶה וְעַל זֶה חוּץ מִשָּׁוֶה פְרוּטָה בַקֶּרֶן, צָרִיךְ לֵילֵךְ אַחֲרָיו:

If he [the robber] gave him the principal but had not given him the fifth, or if he had forgiven him the principal but not the fifth, or if had forgiven him both except for less than a perutah’s worth of the principal, he need not go after him [to restitute in full]. If he had repaid him the fifth but not the principle, or if he had forgiven him the fifth but not the principal, or if he had forgiven both except for a perutah’s worth of the principal, he must go after him.

7 ז

נָתַן לוֹ אֶת הַקֶּרֶן וְנִשְׁבַּע לוֹ עַל הַחֹמֶשׁ, הֲרֵי זֶה מְשַׁלֵּם חֹמֶשׁ עַל חֹמֶשׁ, עַד שֶׁיִּתְמַעֵט הַקֶּרֶן פָּחוֹת מִשָּׁוֶה פְרוּטָה. וְכֵן בְּפִקָּדוֹן, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ה) בְּפִקָּדוֹן אוֹ בִתְשׂוּמֶת יָד אוֹ בְגָזֵל אוֹ עָשַׁק אֶת עֲמִיתוֹ אוֹ מָצָא אֲבֵדָה וְכִחֶשׁ בָּהּ וְנִשְׁבַּע עַל שָׁקֶר, הֲרֵי זֶה מְשַׁלֵּם קֶרֶן וָחֹמֶשׁ וְאָשָׁם. הֵיכָן פִּקְדוֹנִי, אָמַר לוֹ אָבָד, מַשְׁבִּיעֲךָ אָנִי, וְאָמַר אָמֵן, וְהָעֵדִים מְעִידִים אוֹתוֹ שֶׁאֲכָלוֹ, מְשַׁלֵּם קֶרֶן. הוֹדָה מֵעַצְמוֹ, מְשַׁלֵּם קֶרֶן וָחֹמֶשׁ וְאָשָׁם:

If he gave him the principal and swore [falsely] to him concerning the fifth, he must pay a fifth on the fifth [and so on] until the principal becomes less than a perutah's worth. So too with a deposit, as it says: “In a matter of deposit or a pledge or through robbery, or by defrauding his fellow, or by finding something lost and lying about it” (Leviticus 5:21-22), one must pay the value and the fifth and bring a guilt-offering. [if one said] “Where is my deposit?” and the other said, “It is lost,” [the depositor says] “I adjure thee”, and the other says, “Amen!”, and witnesses testify against him that he consumed it, he need pay [only] the principal. But if he confessed it on his own accord, he must repay the principal and the [added] fifth and bring a guilt-offering.

8 ח

הֵיכָן פִּקְדוֹנִי, אָמַר לוֹ נִגְנָב, מַשְׁבִּיעֲךָ אָנִי, וְאָמַר אָמֵן, וְהָעֵדִים מְעִידִין אוֹתוֹ שֶׁגְּנָבוֹ, מְשַׁלֵּם תַּשְׁלוּמֵי כֶפֶל. הוֹדָה מֵעַצְמוֹ, מְשַׁלֵּם קֶרֶן וָחֹמֶשׁ וְאָשָׁם:

[If depositor said] “Where is my deposit?” and the other said, “It is stolen,” [depositor responds] “I adjure you”, and the other says, “Amen!”, and witnesses testify against him that he stole it, he must make twofold restitution. But if he confessed it on his own accord he must repay the principal and the [added] fifth and bring a guilt-offering.

9 ט

הַגּוֹזֵל אֶת אָבִיו, וְנִשְׁבַּע לוֹ, וּמֵת, הֲרֵי זֶה מְשַׁלֵּם קֶרֶן וָחֹמֶשׁ לְבָנָיו אוֹ לְאֶחָיו. וְאִם אֵינוֹ רוֹצֶה, אוֹ שֶׁאֵין לוֹ, לֹוֶה וּבַעֲלֵי חוֹב בָּאִים וְנִפְרָעִים:

One who stole from his father and swore [falsely] to him, and the he [father] died, he must repay the principal and the fifth to the father’s sons or brothers. If he does not want to or if has does not have [from which to pay], he must borrow and the creditors come and are repaid.

10 י

הָאוֹמֵר לִבְנוֹ, קוֹנָם אִי אַתָּה נֶהֱנֶה מִשֶּׁלִּי, אִם מֵת, יִירָשֶׁנּוּ. בְּחַיָּיו וּבְמוֹתוֹ, אִם מֵת, לֹא יִירָשֶׁנּוּ, וְיַחֲזִיר לְבָנָיו אוֹ לְאֶחָיו. וְאִם אֵין לוֹ, לֹוֶה, וּבַעֲלֵי חוֹב בָּאִים וְנִפְרָעִים:

One who said to his son, “I vow that you will not derive any benefit from that which is mine”, if he died, the son may inherit from him. [if the father said] both during his life and at his death, if he dies the son may not inherit from him and he must restore [what he received from his father’s inheritance] to the [father’s] sons or brothers. If he has nothing, he takes out a loan, and the creditors come and are repaid.

11 יא

הַגּוֹזֵל אֶת הַגֵּר וְנִשְׁבַּע לוֹ, וּמֵת, הֲרֵי זֶה מְשַׁלֵּם קֶרֶן וָחֹמֶשׁ לַכֹּהֲנִים וְאָשָׁם לַמִּזְבֵּחַ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (במדבר ה) וְאִם אֵין לָאִישׁ גֹּאֵל לְהָשִׁיב הָאָשָׁם אֵלָיו, הָאָשָׁם הַמּוּשָׁב לַה' לַכֹּהֵן, מִלְּבַד אֵיל הַכִּפֻּרִים אֲשֶׁר יְכַפֶּר בּוֹ עָלָיו. הָיָה מַעֲלֶה אֶת הַכֶּסֶף וְאֶת הָאָשָׁם, וּמֵת, הַכֶּסֶף יִנָּתֵן לְבָנָיו, וְהָאָשָׁם יִרְעֶה עַד שֶׁיִּסְתָּאֵב, וְיִמָּכֵר וְיִפְּלוּ דָמָיו לִנְדָבָה:

One who stole from a convert and swore [falsely] to him, and the convert died, he must repay the principal and the fifth to the priests, and the guilt-offering to the altar, as it says: “If the man has no kinsman to whom restitution can be made, the amount which is repaid shall go to the priest—in addition to the ram of atonement, whereby atonement shall be made for him” (Numbers 5:8). If he was bringing the money and the guilt-offering and then died, the money shall be given to his sons, and the guilt-offering shall be left to pasture until it suffers a blemish, when it shall be sold, and its value falls as a donation [to the Temple treasury].

12 יב

נָתַן הַכֶּסֶף לְאַנְשֵׁי מִשְׁמָר, וּמֵת, אֵין הַיּוֹרְשִׁים יְכוֹלִין לְהוֹצִיא מִיָּדָם, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שם) אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר יִתֵּן לַכֹּהֵן לוֹ יִהְיֶה. נָתַן הַכֶּסֶף לִיהוֹיָרִיב וְאָשָׁם לִידַעְיָה, יָצָא. אָשָׁם לִיהוֹיָרִיב וְכֶסֶף לִידַעְיָה, אִם קַיָּם הָאָשָׁם, יַקְרִיבוּהוּ בְנֵי יְדַעְיָה, וְאִם לֹא, יַחֲזִיר וְיָבִיא אָשָׁם אַחֵר, שֶׁהַמֵּבִיא גְזֵלוֹ עַד שֶׁלֹּא הֵבִיא אֲשָׁמוֹ, יָצָא. הֵבִיא אֲשָׁמוֹ עַד שֶׁלֹּא הֵבִיא גְזֵלוֹ, לֹא יָצָא. נָתַן אֶת הַקֶּרֶן וְלֹא נָתַן אֶת הַחֹמֶשׁ, אֵין הַחֹמֶשׁ מְעַכֵּב:

If he gave the money to the men of the priestly watch and then died, his inheritors cannot take it out of their, as it says, “Whatsoever a man gives to a priest shall be his” (Numbers 5:10). If he gave the money to Yehoyariv, and the guilt-offering to Yedayah [the first and second two weekly divisions of the 24 Temple divisions], he has fulfilled his obligation. If he gave the guilt-offering to Yehoyariv and the money to Yedayah: if the guilt-offering still remains, the sons of Yedayah shall offer it; and if not, he must bring another guilt-offering. For one who brings what he had stolen before he brings his guilt-offering, has fulfilled his obligation. If he brought his guilt-offering before he brought what he had stolen, he has not fulfilled his obligation. If he gave the principal but not the fifth, the fifth does not prevent [him from offering the guilt-offering].