3ג׳
1 א

יֵשׁ בָּעֲרָכִין לְהָקֵל וּלְהַחֲמִיר, בִּשְׂדֵה אֲחֻזָּה לְהָקֵל וּלְהַחֲמִיר, בְּשׁוֹר הַמּוּעָד שֶׁהֵמִית אֶת הָעֶבֶד לְהָקֵל וּלְהַחֲמִיר, בָּאוֹנֵס וּבַמְּפַתֶּה וּבַמּוֹצִיא שֵׁם רָע לְהָקֵל וּלְהַחֲמִיר. יֵשׁ בָּעֲרָכִין לְהָקֵל וּלְהַחֲמִיר. כֵּיצַד. אֶחָד שֶׁהֶעֱרִיךְ אֶת הַנָּאֶה שֶׁבְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֶת הַכָּעוּר שֶׁבְּיִשְׂרָאֵל, נוֹתֵן חֲמִשִּׁים סָלַע. וְאִם אָמַר הֲרֵי דָמָיו עָלָי, נוֹתֵן אֶת שָׁוְיוֹ:

The law of evaluation is sometimes lenient, and at others times strict. The law of the field of possession is sometimes lenient, and at others times strict. The law concerning a warned ox that has killed a slave is sometimes lenient, and at others times strict. The law of the rapist and the seducer and the defamer is sometimes lenient, and at others times strict. The law of evaluation is sometimes lenient, and at others times strict. How so? Whether one has evaluated the fairest in Israel, or the ugliest in Israel, he must pay fifty selas. But if he said: “Behold, his monetary worth is upon me,” he pays only as much as he is worth.

2 ב

בִּשְׂדֵה אֲחֻזָּה לְהָקֵל וּלְהַחֲמִיר. כֵּיצַד. אֶחָד הַמַּקְדִּישׁ בְּחוֹלַת הַמָּחוֹז וְאֶחָד הַמַּקְדִּישׁ בְּפַרְדְּסוֹת סְבַּסְטִי, נוֹתֵן בְּזֶרַע חֹמֶר שְׂעֹרִים חֲמִשִּׁים שֶׁקֶל כֶּסֶף. וּבִשְׂדֵה מִקְנָה, נוֹתֵן אֶת שָׁוְיוֹ. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אֶחָד שְׂדֵה אֲחֻזָּה וְאֶחָד שְׂדֵה מִקְנָה. מַה בֵּין שְׂדֵה אֲחֻזָּה לִשְׂדֵה מִקְנָה. אֶלָּא שֶׁבִּשְׂדֵה אֲחֻזָּה נוֹתֵן חֹמֶשׁ, וּבִשְׂדֵה מִקְנָה אֵינוֹ נוֹתֵן חֹמֶשׁ:

“The law of the field of possession is sometimes lenient and sometimes strict.”How so? Whether one dedicates a field in the sandy plain of Mahoz or in the orchards of Savaste, [if he would redeem it] he must pay fifty shekels of silver for [every part of the field sufficient for] the sowing of a homer of barley. But if it was a field which he bought, he must pay what it is worth. Rabbi Eliezer says: it is all the same whether it is a field of possession or one that he bought. What is the difference between the field of possession and one that he bought? A field of possession he must pay the [added] fifth, whereas for a field that he has bought he need not pay the added fifth.

3 ג

בְּשׁוֹר הַמּוּעָד שֶׁהֵמִית אֶת הָעֶבֶד לְהָקֵל וּלְהַחֲמִיר. כֵּיצַד. אֶחָד שֶׁהֵמִית אֶת הַנָּאֶה שֶׁבָּעֲבָדִים וְאֶת הַכָּעוּר שֶׁבָּעֲבָדִים, נוֹתֵן שְׁלשִׁים סֶלַע. הֵמִית בֶּן חוֹרִין, נוֹתֵן אֶת שָׁוְיוֹ. חָבַל בָּזֶה וּבָזֶה, מְשַׁלֵּם נֶזֶק שָׁלֵם:

“The law concerning a warned ox that has killed a slave is sometimes lenient and sometimes strict.”How so? Whether it killed the fine looking slave or an ugly slave, he must pay thirty selas. If it killed a free man he must pay what he is worth. If it wounded, whether this one or the other, he must pay the full damage.

4 ד

בָּאוֹנֵס וּבַמְפַתֶּה לְהָקֵל וּלְהַחֲמִיר. כֵּיצַד. אֶחָד שֶׁאָנַס וּפִתָּה אֶת הַגְּדוֹלָה שֶׁבַּכְּהֻנָּה וְאֶת הַקְּטַנָּה שֶׁבְּיִשְׂרָאֵל, נוֹתֵן חֲמִשִּׁים סֶלַע. וְהַבּשֶׁת וְהַפְּגָם, הַכֹּל לְפִי הַמְבַיֵּשׁ וְהַמִּתְבַּיֵּשׁ:

“The law of the rapist and seducer is sometimes lenient and sometimes strict.”How so? Whether he raped or seduced a girl from among the best of the priestly stock or the humblest in Israel, he must pay fifty selas. But compensation for shaming and for blemish is in accord with the [circumstances] of him who shames and of the one who suffers the shame.

5 ה

בַּמּוֹצִיא שֵׁם רָע לְהָקֵל וּלְהַחֲמִיר. כֵּיצַד. אֶחָד שֶׁהוֹצִיא שֵׁם רַע עַל הַגְּדוֹלָה שֶׁבַּכְּהֻנָּה וְעַל הַקְּטַנָּה שֶׁבְּיִשְׂרָאֵל, נוֹתֵן מֵאָה סֶלַע. נִמְצָא הָאוֹמֵר בְּפִיו יָתֵר מִן הָעוֹשֶׂה מַעֲשֶׂה. שֶׁכֵּן מָצִינוּ, שֶׁלֹּא נֶחְתַּם גְּזַר דִּין עַל אֲבוֹתֵינוּ בַמִּדְבָּר אֶלָּא עַל לָשׁוֹן הָרַע, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (במדבר יד), וַיְנַסּוּ אֹתִי זֶה עֶשֶׂר פְּעָמִים וְלֹא שָׁמְעוּ בְּקוֹלִי:

The law of the defamer is sometimes lenient and sometimes strict.How so? Whether he defamed a girl from among the best of the priestly stock or the humblest in Israel, he must pay one hundred selas. Thus it turns out that he who speaks with his mouth suffers more than he that commits an act. For thus we have also found that the judgment against our fathers in the wilderness was sealed only because of their evil tongue, as it is written: “Yet you have tested me these ten times, and you have not listened to My voice” (Numbers 14:22).