Shmini, Siman 3 שמיני, ג׳
1 א

וַיְהִי בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁמִינִי. זֶה שֶׁאָמַר הַכָּתוּב: צַדִּיק כַּתָּמָר יִפְרַח, שְׁתוּלִים בְּבֵית ה' (תהלים צב, יג-יד). צַדִּיק כַּתָּמָר יִפְרַח, זֶה אַהֲרֹן, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: וְהִנֵּה פָּרַח מַטֵּה אַהֲרֹן לְבֵית לֵוִי (במדבר יז, כג). כָּל הָאִילָנוֹת נוֹטְעִים אוֹתָם וְהֵם עוֹלִים לְעַצְמָם. אֲבָל הַתְּמָרָה הַזֹּאת, נוֹטְעִים אוֹתָהּ וּמַעֲלָה שָׁרָשִׁים מִכָּל צְדָדֶיהָ. כָּךְ הָיָה אַהֲרֹן, נָטַע וְעָשָׂה שָׁרָשִׁין, אֵלּוּ בָּנָיו שֶׁל אַהֲרֹן, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: אֶלְעָזָר בְּנוֹ פִּנְחָס בְּנוֹ אֲבִישׁוּעַ בְּנוֹ (דה״א ו, לה), צַדִּיק כַּתָּמָר יִפְרַח (תהלים צב, יג). הֵיכָן נָטַע אוֹתָם, שְׁתוּלִים בְּבֵית ה' (תהלים צב, יד), וּמִפֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד לֹא תֵּצְאוּ. לְכָךְ נֶאֱמַר: וַיְהִי בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁמִינִי. אָמְרוּ זִכְרוֹנָם לִבְרָכָה, כָּל שִׁבְעַת הַיָּמִים שֶׁהָיָה מֹשֶׁה בַּסְּנֶה, אָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, לֵךְ בִּשְׁלִיחוּתִי. וְהוּא אוֹמֵר לוֹ: שְׁלַח נָא בְּיַד תִּשְׁלָח (שמות ד, יג). כָּךְ יוֹם רִאשׁוֹן וְשֵׁנִי. אָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, אֲנִי אוֹמֵר לְךָ לֵךְ, וְאַתָּה אוֹמֵר לִי שְׁלַח נָא בְּיַד תִּשְׁלָח. חַיֶּיךָ, לְמָחָר אֲנִי פּוֹרֵעַ לְךָ, כְּשֶׁיֵּעָשֶׂה הַמִּשְׁכָּן, תְּהֵא סָבוּר בְּעַצְמְךָ שֶׁאַתָּה מְשַׁמֵּשׁ בִּכְהֻנָּה גְּדוֹלָה, וַאֲנִי אוֹמֵר לְךָ, קְרָא לְאַהֲרֹן שֶׁיְּשַׁמֵּשׁ. לְכָךְ נֶאֱמַר: קָרָא מֹשֶׁה לְאַהֲרֹן וּלְבָנָיו. אָמַר, יֵשׁ קְרִיאָה לְשׂבַע, וְיֵשׁ קְרִיאָה לְרָעָב. לְשׂבַע מִנַּיִן, וְקָרָאתִי אֶל הַדָּגָן וְהִרְבֵּיתִי אוֹתוֹ (יחזקאל לו, כט). לְרָעָב מִנַּיִן, כִּי קָרָא ה' לָרָעָב (מ״ב ח, א). יֵשׁ קְרִיאָה לִגְדֻלָּה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: קָרָא מֹשֶׁה לְאַהֲרֹן. אָמַר לוֹ מֹשֶׁה, כָּךְ אָמַר לִי הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, לְמַנּוֹתְךָ כֹּהֵן גָּדוֹל. אָמַר לוֹ אַהֲרֹן, אַתָּה יָגַעְתָּ בַּמִּשְׁכָּן וַאֲנִי נַעֲשֶׂה כֹּהֵן גָּדוֹל. אָמַר לוֹ: חַיֶּיךָ, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאַתָּה נַעֲשֶׂה כֹּהֵן גָּדוֹל, כְּאִלּוּ אֲנִי נַעֲשֶׂה. שֶׁכְּשֵׁם שֶׁשָּׂמַחְתָּ לִי בַּגְּדֻלָּה, כָּךְ אֲנִי שָׂמֵחַ בִּגְדֻלָּתְךָ. וְאֵימָתַי שָׂמַח לוֹ. בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁאָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, וְעַתָּה לֵךְ וְאֶשְׁלָחֲךָ אֶל פַּרְעֹה (שמות ג, י). אָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, הָיָה הַדָּבָר שָׁמוּר לְךָ. אָמַר לוֹ מֹשֶׁה, בִּי אֲדוֹנָי שְׁלַח נָא בְּיַד תִּשְׁלָח (שמות ד, יג), אַתָּה מַעֲבִיר עָלַי שֶׁאָחִי גָּדוֹל מִמֶּנִּי וַאֲנִי הוֹלֵךְ לְפַרְעֹה. אָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, חַיֶּיךָ שֶׁאָמַרְתָּ כָּרָאוּי שֶׁהוּא גָּדוֹל מִמְּךָ, אֶלָּא אַף עַל פִּי כֵן, וְרָאָךָ וְשָׂמַח בְּלִבּוֹ (שמות ד, יד). אָמַר רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחַאי, אָמַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, אוֹתוֹ הַלֵּב הַשָּׂמֵחַ בִּגְדֻלַּת אָחִיו, יִנָּתְנוּ אֲבָנִים טוֹבוֹת עָלָיו, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: וְנָשָׂא אַהֲרֹן אֶת שְׁמוֹת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּחֹשֶׁן הַמִּשְׁפָּט עַל לִבּוֹ (שמות כח, כט). לְפִיכָךְ כָּל שִׁבְעַת הַיָּמִים שֶׁהָיָה מֹשֶׁה עָסוּק בַּמִּשְׁכָּן, הוּא הָיָה זוֹרֵק אֶת הַדָּם וּמַקְטִיר אֶת הַחֲלָבִים. אָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, מָה אַתָּה סָבוּר שֶׁאַתָּה נַעֲשָׂה כֹּהֵן גָּדוֹל, קְרָא לְאַהֲרֹן וּלְבָנָיו שֶׁיְּשַׁמְּשׁוּ. לְפִיכָךְ, וַיְהִי בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁמִינִי וְגוֹ'. וְלָמָּה לְזִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, כְּדֵי לְגַדְּלוֹ בִּפְנֵי הַזְּקֵנִים. אָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, קְרָא לַזְּקֵנִים וּמְשַׁח אוֹתוֹ, וְהַגְּדֻלָּה אֶתֵּן לוֹ בִּפְנֵיהֶם, שֶׁלֹּא יִהְיוּ אוֹמְרִים: מֵעַצְמוֹ נַעֲשָׂה כֹּהֵן גָּדוֹל.

(Lev. 9:1:) “And it came to pass on the eighth day.” This text is related (to Ps. 92:13), “The righteous one shall flourish (rt.: prh) like the palm….” This is Aaron, of whom it is stated (in Numb. 17:23), “[and there] the staff of Aaron of the House of Levi had sprouted (rt.: prh).” In the case of all the [other] trees, one plants them and they grow up by themselves (as single trees); but in the case of the palm, one plants it and it sends up sprouts on all sides. So it was in the case of Aaron. He planted and sprouts came up. These were Aaron's sons (i.e., according to I Chron. 6:35-36), “his son Eleazar, his son Phinehas, his son Abishua, [his son Bukki…].” (Ps. 92:13), “The righteous one shall flourish (rt.: prh) like the palm.” Where did he plant [them]? (Ps. 92:14), “[They are] planted in the house of the Lord.” (Lev. 8:33), “And you shall not go out from the door of the tent of meeting [for seven days].” It is therefore stated (in Lev. 9:1), “And it came to pass on the eighth day.” (Lev. 9:1), “And it came to pass on the eighth day Moses called [Aaron and his sons]….” Our masters have said: All seven days when Moses was at the thornbush, the Holy One, blessed be He, said to him, “Go on My mission”; but he was saying (in Exod. 4:13), “Please make someone else Your agent.” So was it the first and second day. The Holy One, blessed be He, said to him, “I say to you, ‘Go,’ and you say to Me, ‘Please make someone else Your agent?’ By your life, I am paying you back. Someday soon when that tabernacle is being made, you will be thinking privately that you should serve in the high priesthood; but I am telling you, ‘Call Aaron to serve.’” It is therefore stated (in Lev. 9:1), “Moses called Aaron and his sons.” There is a calling which is for abundance [and there is] a calling for famine. Where is it shown [that there is a calling] for abundance? Where it is stated (in Ezek. 36:29), “I will call for the grain and increase it.” And where is it shown [that there is a calling] for famine? [Where it is stated (in II Kings 8:1),] “for the Lord has called for a famine… [for seven years].” There is a calling for greatness, as stated (in Lev. 9:1), “Moses called [Aaron].” Moses said to him, “The Holy One, blessed be He, has told me to ordain you as high priest.” Aaron said to him, “You have labored on the tabernacle; so shall I be made high priest?” He said to him, “By your life, even though you are being made high priest, it is as if I were being made [high priest];11See above, Exod. 1:24. for just as you were glad for me in my greatness, so I am glad for you in your greatness.” Now when was he glad for him? When the Holy One, blessed be He, said to him (in Exod. 3:10), “So come now, I will send you unto Pharaoh.” The Holy One, blessed be He, said to him, “Go, keep this commandment.” Moses said to Him (in Exod. 4:10, 13), “Pray (bi) – Lord, You are doing me wrong. My brother is older than I; yet I am going ahead of him.” The Holy One, blessed be He, said to him, “[By your life], you have spoken rightly; nevertheless (according to Exod. 4:14), when he sees you, he will be glad in his heart.” R. Simeon ben Yohay said, “The Holy One, blessed be He, said to him, ‘That heart which is glad for his brother's greatness shall have those precious stones (of Exod. 28:17-21) laid upon it.’” Therefore, all those seven days that Moses was busy in the tabernacle, he was sprinkling the blood and performing the sacrificial burning of the choice pieces. The Holy One, blessed be He, said to them, “What do you think? That you are high priest? Call your brother so that he may serve as high priest.” Ergo (in Lev. 9:1), “And it came to pass on the eighth day Moses called [Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel].” Why the elders of Israel? In order to promote him in the presence of the elders. The Holy One, blessed be He, said to him, “Call the elders and ordain him in their presence, lest they say that he became high priest on his own.