Pinchas, Siman 2 פנחס, ב׳
1 א

וְשֵׁם אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל הַמֻּכֶּה וְגוֹ'. כְּשֵׁם שֶׁהַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מִתְעַסֵּק בְּשִׁבְחָן שֶׁל צַדִּיקִים לְפַרְסְמָן בָּעוֹלָם, כָּךְ מִתְעַסֵּק בִּגְנוּת הָרְשָׁעִים לְפַרְסְמָן בָּעוֹלָם. פִּרְסֵם פִּנְחָס לְשֶׁבַח, וּפִרְסֵם זִמְרִי לִגְנַאי. עֲלֵיהֶם נֶאֱמַר, זֵכֶר צַדִּיק לִבְרָכָה, וְשֵׁם רְשָׁעִים יִרְקָב (משלי י, ז). זִמְרִי בֶּן סָלוּא נְשִׂיא בֵּית אָב. אָמְרוּ רַבּוֹתֵינוּ זִכְרוֹנָם לִבְרָכָה: שְׁלֹשָׁה שֵׁמוֹת הָיוּ לְזִמְרִי, וְאֵלּוּ הֵן, זִמְרִי בֶּן סָלוּא, וְשָׁאוּל בֶּן הַכְּנַעֲנִית, וּשְׁלוּמִיאֵל בֶּן צוּרִישַׁדָּי. זִמְרִי, עַל שֶׁנַּעֲשָׂה עַל אוֹתָהּ הַמִּדְיָנִית כְּבֵיצָה מוּזֶרֶת. בֶּן סָלוּא, שֶׁהִסְלִיא עָוֹן מִשְׁפַּחְתוֹ. שָׁאוּל, עַל שֶׁהִשְׁאִיל עַצְמוֹ לַעֲבֵרָה. בֶּן הַכְּנַעֲנִית, שֶׁעָשָׂה מַעֲשֵׂה כְּנַעַן. וּמַה שְּׁמוֹ. שְׁלוּמִיאֵל בֶּן צוּרִישַׁדָּי שְׁמוֹ. זִמְרִי בֶּן סָלוּא נְשִׂיא בֵּית אָב שֶׁכָּל הַפּוֹגֵם אֶת עַצְמוֹ פּוֹגֵם אֶת מִשְׁפַּחְתּוֹ עִמּוֹ. זִמְרִי בֶּן סָלוּא נְשִׂיא בֵּית אָב. הַכָּתוּב מַתְמִיהַּ עָלָיו, פּוֹרֵץ גָּדֵר יִשְּׁכֶנּוּ נָחָשׁ (קהלת י, ח). אָבִיו קִנֵּא עַל הַזְּנוּת תְּחִלָּה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: וַיִּקְּחוּ שְׁנֵי בְנֵי יַעֲקֹב וְגוֹ' (בראשית לד, כה), וְזֶה פּוֹרֵץ גָּדֵר שֶׁגָּדַר אָבִיו. וְשֵׁם הָאִשָּׁה הַמֻּכָּה וְגוֹ'. לְהוֹדִיעֲךָ שִׂנְאָתָן שֶׁל מִדְיָנִים עַד הֵיכָן הָיְתָה, שֶׁבַּת מֶלֶךְ הִפְקִירוּ לְקָלוֹן, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: וְאֶת מַלְכֵי מִדְיָן הָרְגוּ וְגוֹ' וְאֶת צוּר (במדבר לא, ח). צוּר גָּדוֹל שֶׁבְּכֻלָּם וְהָיָה מֶלֶךְ וְהִפְקִיר בִּתּוֹ, מִי לֹא הָיָה מַפְקִיר. וּלְפִי שֶׁבִּזָּה אֶת עַצְמוֹ וְהִפְקִיר בִּתּוֹ בְּקָלוֹן, גְּרָעוֹ הַכָּתוּב וּכְתָבוֹ שְׁלִישִׁי. אֲבָל הוּא מֶלֶךְ שֶׁבְּכֻלָּם, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: רֹאשׁ אֻמּוֹת בֵּית אָב וְגוֹ'.

(Numb. 25:14:) “And the name of the slain man of Israel...” Just as the Holy One, blessed be He, is concerned with the praise of the righteous to publicize3Rt.: PRSM. Cf. Gk.: parresia (“boldness in speaking out”). them throughout the world, so is he concerned with the disgrace of the wicked to publicize them throughout the world. He publicized Phinehas for praise and publicized Zimri for disparagement. About them is it stated (in Prov. 10:7), “The remembrance of a righteous one is for a blessing, but the name of the wicked shall rot.” (Numb. 25:14, cont.:) “Zimri ben Salu, the prince of a clan.” The sages said Zimri had three names: Zimri ben Salu; and Saul the son of the Canaanite woman; and Shelumiel ben Zurishaddai. [He was called] Zimri because of the fact that he became like an addled (hamuzeret) egg (as a result of engaging in multiple acts of intercourse); ben Salu because he evoked [shehisli] the sins of his family; Saul [Shaul] because he lent [shehishil] himself to sin; the son of the Canaanite woman because of the fact that he performed an act of Canaan. And what is his [true] name? Shelumiel, son of Zurishaddai. (Numb. 25:14, cont.:) “Zimri ben Salu, the prince of a clan,” as whoever discredits himself discredits his family along with himself. (Numb. 25:14, cont.:) “Zimri ben Salu, the prince of a clan.” The verse is astounded by him (in Eccl. 10:8), “The one who breaks through a barrier will be bitten by a snake.”4“To break through a barrier” means “to transgress.” [As it was] his [ancestor Simeon) who was the first to display zeal against harlotry, as stated (in Gen. 34:25), “then two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, [the brothers of Dinah, each] took [his sword]….” And [yet] this (Zimri) broke through the barrier which his [ancestor] had made. (Numb. 25:15:) “And the name of the Midianite woman who was slain [was Cozbi bat Zur; Zur was the tribal head of a clan in Midian].” [These words are there] to inform you how far the Midianites hatred went. Thus they had abandoned a daughter of kings in to shame, as stated (in Numb. 31:8), “[And along with their other victims] they killed the kings of Midian:…, Zur.” Zur was the greatest of them all; and [since] he abandoned his daughter, who would not abandon [his own daughter]? But because he had disgraced himself and abandoned his daughter to shame, the text has demoted him and numbered him third (on the list). He was, however, the king of them all, as stated (in Numb. 25:15), “[Zur] was leader of the nations of the clan [in Midian].”