◌ֶת (after gutturals ◌ַת) f. subst. & adj. suff. cp. e.g. דֶּלֶת (= door), קֶשֶׁת (= bow), שֶׁבֶת (= to sit), לֶדֶת (= to bear), דַּעַת (= to know), גְּבֶרֶת (= mistress, lady), נֽחֹשֶת (= copper), שׁוֹמֶרֶת (= watching). It is esp. common in participles and infinitives: שׁוֹמֶרֶת is more frequent than שׁוֹמְרָה, לֶדֶת than לֵדָה. [This suffdeveloped from t which had perhaps orig. demonstrative force. It appears in the Sem. languages in two forms: 1 as t, whence: Heb. ◌ת, as in בַּת (= daughter), שֽׁתַּיִ◌ (= two), ◌ֶת in אוֹהֶבֶת (= loving), יוֹשֶׁבֶת (= sitting), etc.; t appears also in Arabic in a few nouns, as in bint (= daughter), ’uḫt (= sister), and in thintai (= two) (f.); in Ethiop. bent (= pupil of the eye), ’eḫt (= sister), walat (= daughter), tamart (= palm tree), negesht (= queen; f. of negūsh, ‘king’); in Akka. bintu (= daughter), shattu (= year), talīmtu (= sister), batūltu (= virgin), ti’āmtu (= sea); and prob. in the Aram. nouns בַּת (= daughter), שַׁתָּא (= year). 2 as -at, which became ◌ָה (orig. only in pause), whence Heb. ◌ָה, as in סוּסָה (= mare; from סוּס, ‘horse’); see first suff. ◌ָה.]