שְׁקוֹף m. (שָׁקַף I, v. מַשְׁקוֹף) cross-piece, lintel, arch, arched gateway with posts. Neg. XII, 4; Tosef. ib. VI, 5 כדי ליתן תחת הש׳ as much wood as is required to place under an arch (to keep it in shape); Ib. כדי לעשות סנדל לאחורי הש׳ as much as is required to make ‘a shoe’ (protection) back of the arch. Tosef. Ohol. VII, 10 שְׁקוֹפָהּ של מערה the arched entrance of a cave. Ib. פיה לש׳ וכ׳ [בין] אם אין if there is not the space of a handbreadth between the mouth of the pot and the lintel. Y. Snh. X, 28ᵈ bot. הגביה … את הש׳ וכ׳ the angel raised the lintel for him (Phinehas), so that both of them could be seen from between his shoulders; (Bab. ib. 82ᵇ המשקוף); Sifré Num. 131 פתח ש׳ (read: את הש׳); (Num. R. s. 20, end המשקוף; Tanḥ. Balak 21 משקוף הבית). Y. Naz. V, 56ᶜ bot. תחת מעי הש׳ (strike out מעי, a dittography from preceding clause) under the archway. Y. Nidd. II, 49ᵈ bot. standing אחר הש׳ behind the post (ready to go out); (Bab. ib. 12ᵃ; 14ᵇ בצד המשקוף); a. e.—Pl. שְׁקוֹפוֹת. Midd. II, 3 כל השערים … להן ש׳ וכ׳ all the gates that were there (on the Temple mount) had arches with posts, except the gate of T. where there were only two stones leaning one on the other.