הֶפְקֵר (Y. dial. הֶבְקֵר) m. (פָּקַר) declaring free, renunciation of ownership in favor of whosoever would take possession of the object renounced; confiscation; public property. Eduy. IV, 3 הפ׳ לעניים הפ׳ Ms. M. (ed. הב׳, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) renunciation of ownership (of the standing crop) in favor of the poor is valid (exempting from tithes); (oth. opin.) אינו ה׳ עד שיפקיר וכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. שיובקר) it is not valid unless the owner makes it free for the rich, too; Peah IV, 1 (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l.); B. Mets. 30ᵇ הפ׳. Yeb. 89ᵇ; Gitt. 36ᵇ ה׳ ב"ד ה׳ the confiscation by the court (disposing of private property by the process of law) is valid; Y. Shek. I, 46ᵃ bot. הב׳. Peah I, 6 ונותן משום ה׳ or he may set aside a portion of his crop as public property. Y. ib. III, 17ᶜ bot. וה׳ חייב בפיאה is public property ever subject to the laws of Peah? Ib. V, 19ᵇ אין הֶבְקֵירוֹ ה׳ his renunciation is ineffectual. Ib. אין ה׳ יוצא … אלא בזכייה renounced property does not go out of the owner’s possession, until somebody takes possession of it; Y. Ned. IV, 38ᵈ (corr. acc.). Y. Snh. VI, 23ᵇ, beg. ה׳ טעות הוא it is a confiscation under an erroneous presumption (and invalid); a. fr.—Gen. R. s. 80, end בני אדם של ה׳ outlaws. Yeb. 66ᵃ מנהג ה׳ נהגו בה people took liberties with her (because she had neither the legal status of a freed woman nor that of a slave).