Chapter 18י״ח
1 א

וַיִּבֶן ה' אֱלֹהִים אֶת הַצֵּלָע, רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי יוֹסֵי בֶּן זִמְרָא אָמַר נִתַּן בָּהּ בִּינָה יוֹתֵר מִן הָאִישׁ, דְּתָנִינָן בַּת י"א שָׁנָה וְיוֹם אֶחָד נְדָרֶיהָ נִבְדָּקִין, בַּת י"ב שָׁנָה וְיוֹם אֶחָד נְדָרֶיהָ קַיָּימִין וּבוֹדְקִין כָּל י"ב, אֲבָל לְזָכָר בֶּן י"ב שָׁנָה וְיוֹם אֶחָד נְדָרָיו נִבְדָקִין, בֶּן י"ג נְדָרָיו קַיָּימִין וּבוֹדְקִין כָּל י"ג. רַבִּי יִרְמְיָה בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי שְׁמוּאֵל בַּר רַב יִצְחָק אָמַר אִית דִּמְחַלְּפִין, דַּרְכָּהּ שֶׁל אִשָּׁה לִהְיוֹת יוֹשֶׁבֶת בְּתוֹךְ בֵּיתָהּ וְדַרְכּוֹ שֶׁל אִישׁ לִהְיוֹת יוֹצֵא לַשּׁוּק וְלָמֵד בִּינָה מִבְּנֵי אָדָם. רַבִּי אַיְבוּ וְאַמְרֵי לָהּ בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי בְּנָיָיה וְהוּא תָּנֵי לָהּ בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחָאי, קִשְׁטָהּ כַּכַּלָּה וְאַחַר כָּךְ הֱבִיאָהּ לוֹ. אִית אַתְרִין דְּקָרְיָין לְקַלְעִיתָא בִּנְיָתָא. אָמַר רַבִּי חָמָא בַּר חֲנִינָא אַתְּ סָבוּר שֶׁמִּתַּחַת חָרוּב אֶחָד אוֹ שִׁקְמָה אַחַת הֱבִיאָהּ לוֹ, אֶלָּא מִשֶּׁקִּשְׁטָהּ בְּכ"ד מִינֵי תַּכְשִׁיטִין אַחַר כָּךְ הֱבִיאָהּ לוֹ, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (יחזקאל כח, יג): בְּעֵדֶן גַּן אֱלֹהִים הָיִיתָ כָּל אֶבֶן יְקָרָה מְסֻכָתֶךָ אֹדֶם פִּטְדָה וגו'. רַבָּנָן וְרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן לָקִישׁ, רַבָּנָן אָמְרֵי עֶשֶׂר, וְרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אָמַר י"א. רַבִּי חָמָא בַּר חֲנִינָא וְרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן לָקִישׁ תַּרְוֵיהוֹן אָמְרִין כְּלַל וּפְרַט, עָשָׂה אֶת הַכְּלַל מוֹסֶפֶת לַפְּרַט וְהַכֹּל בִּכְלַל, כָּל אֶבֶן יְקָרָה מְסֻכָתֶךָ כְּלַל, אֹדֶם פִּטְדָה וְיָהֲלֹם תַּרְשִׁישׁ וגו' פְּרַט, הַכֹּל בִּכְלַל. כָּל אֶבֶן יְקָרָה מְסֻכָתֶךָ, רַבִּי לֵוִי וְרַבִּי סִימוֹן, חַד אָמַר ט' וְחַד אָמַר י', מַאן דְּאָמַר עֶשֶׂר, כְּרַבָּנָן, וּמַאן דְּאָמַר ט' הָדֵין דְּהַב דְּהָכָא לֵית הוּא חֻפָּה. רַבִּי אַחָא בַּר חֲנִינָא אָמַר עָשָׂה כְּתָלִים שֶׁל זָהָב, וּבָתֵּי קְרָיוֹת שֶׁל אֲבָנִים טוֹבוֹת וּמַרְגָּלִיּוֹת. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בַּר בִּיסְנָא בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי אַחָא אָמַר אֲפִלּוּ קוֹרְקוּסִים שֶׁל זָהָב עָשָׂה לוֹ.

"And God built [out of] the rib" - Rabbi Eliezer said in the name of Rabbi Yossi the son of Zimra: woman was endowed with more understanding than man. As it is taught: at eleven years and one day, her vows stick; at twelve years and one day her vows apply; and all twelve-year-olds are checked. But for males, at twelve years and one day his vows stick; at thirteen years they apply, and all thirteen-year-olds are checked. Rabbi Yirmiya said in the name of Rabbi Shmuel bar Yitzchak: there are those that say the opposite, as the way of a woman is to sit in her home, and the way of a many is to go out to the marketplace and learn understanding from others. Rabbi Aybu said, and some attribute it to the name of Rabbi Benaya, and it is [also] taught in the name of Rabbi Shimon ben Yochai: [God] adorned her [Eve] like a bride, and afterwards brought her to him [Adam]. In some places they call 'kil'ata' [braids] 'bin'yata' [net-works]. Rabbi Hamma bar Chanina said: you think that she was brought to him under a carob or sycamore tree, rather she was adorned with twenty four kinds of finery, and then brought to him, as it says: "In Eden, the garden of God you were, and all precious stones were your covering: the carnelian, the topaz..." (Ezekiel 28:13). The Rabbis and Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish; the Rabbis said: ten, and Rabbi Shimon said: eleven. Rabbi Hamma bar Chanina and Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish both said: a general rule followed by a specific; follow the general rule by adding the specific, and it is all in the general rule - "every precious stone is your covering" is a general rule. "Carnelian, topaz, emerald, beryl..." are the specifics. Follow the general rule - "every precious stone is your covering." Rabbi Levi and Rabbi Simon: one said nine, and one said ten. The one who said ten is like the Rabbis, and the one who said nine argues that the "gold" mentioned in the verse surely does not refer to a canopy. Rabbi Acha bar Chanina said: he made walls of gold and coverings of precious stones and pearls. Rabbi Eleazar bar Bisna said in the name of Rabbi Aha: He even made him hooks of gold.

2 ב

רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ דְּסִכְנִין בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי לֵוִי אָמַר (בראשית ב, כב): וַיִּבֶן כְּתִיב, הִתְבּוֹנֵן מֵאַיִן לִבְרֹאתָהּ, אָמַר לֹא אֶבְרָא אוֹתָהּ מִן הָרֹאשׁ שֶׁלֹא תְּהֵא מְיַקֶּרֶת ראשָׁהּ, לֹא מִן הָעַיִן שֶׁלֹא תְּהֵא סַקְרָנִית, וְלֹא מִן הָאֹזֶן שֶׁלֹא תְּהֵא צַיְתָנִית, וְלֹא מִן הַפֶּה שֶׁלֹא תְּהֵא דַּבְּרָנִית, וְלֹא מִן הַלֵּב שֶׁלֹא תְּהֵא קַנְתָּנִית, וְלֹא מִן הַיָּד שֶׁלֹא תְּהֵא מְמַשְׁמְשָׁנִית, וְלֹא מִן הָרֶגֶל שֶׁלֹא תְּהֵא פַּרְסָנִית, אֶלָּא מִמָּקוֹם שֶׁהוּא צָנוּעַ בָּאָדָם, אֲפִלּוּ בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁאָדָם עוֹמֵד עָרוֹם אוֹתוֹ הַמָּקוֹם מְכֻסֶּה, וְעַל כָּל אֵבָר וְאֵבָר שֶׁהָיָה בוֹרֵא בָהּ הָיָה אוֹמֵר לָהּ תְּהֵא אִשָּׁה צְנוּעָה אִשָּׁה צְנוּעָה, אַף עַל פִּי כֵן (משלי א, כה): וַתִּפְרְעוּ כָל עֲצָתִי, לֹא בָרָאתִי אוֹתָהּ מִן הָרֹאשׁ, וַהֲרֵי הִיא מְיַקֶּרֶת רֹאשָׁהּ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה יג, טז): וַתֵּלַכְנָה נְטוּיוֹת גָּרוֹן, וְלֹא מִן הָעַיִן, וַהֲרֵי הִיא סַקְרָנִית, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה יג, טז): וּמְסַקְּרוֹת עֵינַיִם, וְלֹא מִן הָאֹזֶן, וַהֲרֵי הִיא צַיְתָנִית, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (בראשית יח, י): וְשָׂרָה שׁוֹמַעַת פֶּתַח הָאֹהֶל, וְלֹא מִן הַלֵּב, וַהֲרֵי הִיא קַנְתָּנִית, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה ל, א): וַתְּקַנֵּא רָחֵל בַּאֲחוֹתָהּ, וְלֹא מִן הַיָּד, וַהֲרֵי הִיא מְמַשְׁמְשָׁנִית, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה לא, יט): וַתִּגְנֹב רָחֵל אֶת הַתְּרָפִים, וְלֹא מִן הָרֶגֶל, וַהֲרֵי הִיא פַּרְסָנִית, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה לד, א): וַתֵּצֵא דִּינָה.

Rabbi Yehoshua of Sichnin said in the name of Rabbi Levi: "And He built" is written; He contemplated from where to create her. He said: I will not create her from the head, lest she be haughty; I will not create her from the eye, lest she be coquettish; I will not create her from the ear, lest she be an eavesdropper; I will not create her from the mouth, lest she be a chatter-box; I will not create her from the heart, lest she be jealous; I will not create her from the hand, lest she be a thief; I will not create her from the leg, lest she be a run-about; rather, I will create create her from the most modest place on a person, as even when a person stands naked this place is covered. And as He created each and every limb of the woman, He would say to her: be a modest woman, be a modest woman! Nevertheless, "And they have disregarded all of my counsel" (Proverbs 1:25). I did not create her from the head, and yet she is haughty, as it says: "And they walk with stretched-forth necks" (Isaiah 3:16). And not from the eye, yet she is coquettish, as it says: "and with wanton eyes" (ibid.). And not from the ear, and yet she is an eavesdropper, as it says: "And Sarah listened from the entrance of the tent" (Genesis 18:10). And not from the heart, and yet she is jealous, as it says: "And Rachel was jealous of her sister" (Genesis 30:1). And not from the hand, and yet she is a thief, as it says: "And Rachel stole the idols" (Genesis 31:19). And not from the leg, and yet she is a run-about, as it says: "And Dinah went out..." (Genesis 34:1).

3 ג

רַב חִסְדָא אָמַר בָּנָה בָהּ מְגוֹרוֹת יוֹתֵר מִן הָאִישׁ, רְחָבָה מִלְּמַטָּן וְצָרָה מִלְּמַעְלָן, כְּדֵי שֶׁתְּהֵא מְקַבֶּלֶת עֻבָּרִים. (בראשית ב, כב): וַיְבִאֶהָ אֶל הָאָדָם, אָמַר רַבִּי אָבִין טָבוֹי לִקְרָיָה דְּמַלְכָּא שׁוֹשְׁבִינֵיהּ.

Rav Hisda said: He built her an extra store-room [womb] more than the man, wider at the bottom and narrower at the top, so that it could receive fetuses. "And He brought her to the man" - Rabbi Avin said: happy is the townsperson, who has the King as a friend.

4 ד

וַיֹּאמֶר הָאָדָם זֹאת הַפַּעַם (בראשית ב, כג), רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בַּר רַבִּי אָמַר, בַּתְּחִלָּה בְּרָאָהּ לוֹ וְרָאָה אוֹתָהּ מְלֵאָה רִירִין וְדַם, וְהִפְלִיגָהּ מִמֶּנּוּ, וְחָזַר וּבְרָאָהּ לוֹ פַּעַם שְׁנִיָּה, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב: זֹאת הַפַּעַם, זֹאת הִיא שֶׁל אוֹתוֹ הַפַּעַם, זֹאת הִיא שֶׁעֲתִידָה לְהָקִישׁ עָלַי כְּזוּג, הֵיךְ מָה דְאַתְּ אָמַר (שמות כח, לד): פַעֲמוֹן זָהָב וְרִמּוֹן, זוֹ הִיא שֶׁהָיְתָה מְפַעַמְתַּנִי כָּל הַלַּיְלָה כֻּלָּה. בְּעוֹן קוֹמֵי רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן לָקִישׁ מִפְּנֵי מָה אֵין כָּל הַחֲלוֹמוֹת מְיַגְּעִין אֶת הָאָדָם, וְזוֹ מְיַגַּעַת אֶת הָאָדָם, אָמַר לָהֶם שֶׁמִּתְּחִלַּת בְּרִיָּתָהּ אֵינָהּ אֶלָּא בַּחֲלוֹם, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר עֶצֶם מֵעֲצָמַי וּבָשָׂר מִבְּשָׂרִי. אָמַר רַבִּי תַּנְחוּמָא נָשָׂא אָדָם אִשָּׁה מִקְרוֹבוֹתָיו, עָלָיו הוּא אוֹמֵר עֶצֶם מֵעֲצָמַי. לְזֹאת יִקָּרֵא אִשָּׁה כִּי מֵאִישׁ לֻקֳּחָה זֹּאת, מִכָּאן שֶׁנִּתְּנָה הַתּוֹרָה בְּלָשׁוֹן הַקֹּדֶשׁ. רַבִּי פִּינְחָס וְרַבִּי חִלְקִיָּה בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי סִימוֹן אָמְרֵי כְּשֵׁם שֶׁנִּתְּנָה תּוֹרָה בְּלָשׁוֹן הַקֹּדֶשׁ כָּךְ נִבְרָא הָעוֹלָם בְּלָשׁוֹן הַקֹּדֶשׁ, שָׁמַעְתָּ מִיָּמֶיךָ אוֹמֵר גִּינִי גִּינְיָא אַנְתְּרוֹפִי אַנְתְּרוֹפָא, גַּבְרָא גַּבְרְתָא, אֶלָא אִישׁ וְאִשָּׁה, לָמָּה, שֶׁהַלָּשׁוֹן הַזֶּה נוֹפֵל עַל הַלָּשׁוֹן הַזֶּה.

"And Adam said: this is now..." Rabbi Yehuda bar Rebbi said: In the beginning He created her, and [Adam] saw that she was full of secretions and blood and separated her from him, and He returned and created her a second time. As it says: "this is now" this is the woman this time. This is now for me the one who will be my partner in the future. As it says: "A golden bell (pa'amon) and a pomegranate" (Exodus 28:34). "This is now" - this is she that perturbed me all night. It was asked before Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish: why was Adam not tired from all his dreams, but was tired from this one [Eve]? He said to them: because at the beginning of her creation she was just a dream, as it says: "bone of my bones, flesh of my flesh." Rabbi Tanhuma said: if a man marries a relative, of him it is written: "bone of my bones." "This one shall be called 'woman' because she was taken from man." From here we learn that Torah was given in Hebrew. Rabbi Pinchas and Rabbi Hilkiya in the name of Rabbi Simon said: just as the Torah was given in Hebrew, so too the world was created in Hebrew. You have heard it said: 'man' and 'woman' [in other languages as distinct words, unrelated to each other], so why ish and isha [the words for 'man' and 'woman' in Hebrew, which are related to each other]? Because this word falls from this word [and, hence, the grammatical inconsistency is explained if the Torah was given in Hebrew].

5 ה

עַל כֵּן יַעֲזָב אִישׁ (בראשית ב, כד), תַּנְיָא גֵּר שֶׁנִּתְגַּיֵּיר וְהָיָה נָשׂוּי לַאֲחוֹתוֹ בֵּין מִן הָאָב בֵּין מִן הָאֵם, יוֹצִיא, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי מֵאִיר. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים מִן הָאֵם יוֹצִיא מִן הָאָב יְקַיֵּם, שֶׁאֵין אָב לְעוֹבֵד כּוֹכָבִים. אֲתִיבוּן לֵיהּ וְהָא כְתִיב (בראשית כ, יב): וְגַם אָמְנָה אֲחֹתִי בַת אָבִי הִיא וגו', אָמַר לָהֶן בְּשִׁיטָתָן הֵשִׁיבָן. אֲתֵיב לְהוֹן רַבִּי מֵאִיר עַל כֵּן יַעֲזָב אִישׁ אֶת אָבִיו וְאֶת אִמּוֹ, אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן וּפָשְׁטוּ לֵיהּ עַל כֵּן יַעֲזָב אִישׁ אֶת אָבִיו וְאֶת אִמּוֹ הַסָּמוּךְ לְאָבִיו הַסָּמוּךְ לְאִמּוֹ. אֲתֵיב רַבִּי אַבָּהוּ וְהָכְתִיב (שמות ו, כ): וַיִּקַּח עַמְרָם אֶת יוֹכֶבֶד דֹּדָתוֹ, אָמַר רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בְּרֵיהּ דְּרַבִּי אַבָּהוּ מֵעַתָּה אֲפִלּוּ כִּבְנֵי נֹחַ לֹא הָיוּ יִשְׂרָאֵל נוֹהֲגִים קֹדֶם מַתַּן תּוֹרָה, אֶתְמְהָא. אָמַר רַבִּי לֵוִי וּפָשְׁטוּ לֵיהּ עַל כֵּן יַעֲזָב אִישׁ וגו', הַסָּמוּךְ לוֹ מֵאָבִיו הַסָּמוּךְ לוֹ מֵאִמּוֹ. רַבִּי אַבָּהוּ בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן אָמַר בְּנֵי נֹחַ עַל הַנְּשׂוּאוֹת חַיָּבִין וְעַל הָאֲרוּסוֹת פְּטוּרִין. רַבִּי יוֹנָה בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי שְׁמוּאֵל אָמַר זוֹנָה שֶׁהִיא עוֹמֶדֶת בַּשּׁוּק וּבָאוּ עָלֶיהָ שְׁנַיִם, הָרִאשׁוֹן פָּטוּר וְהַשֵּׁנִי חַיָּב מִשּׁוּם בְּעוּלַת בַּעַל, וְכִי נִתְכַּוֵּן הָרִאשׁוֹן לִקְנוֹתָהּ בִּבְעִילָה, הָדָא אֲמַר בְּעִילָה בִּבְנֵי נֹחַ קוֹנֶה שֶׁלֹא כַּדָּת. וּמִנַּיִן שֶׁאֵין לָהֶם גֵּרוּשִׁין, רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בְּרַבִּי סִימוֹן וְרַבִּי חָנִין בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן אָמַר שֶׁאֵין לָהֶם גֵּרוּשִׁין אוֹ שֶׁשְּׁנֵיהֶם מְגָרְשִׁין זֶה אֶת זֶה. אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן אִשְׁתּוֹ מְגָרַשְׁתּוֹ וְנוֹתֶנֶת לוֹ דּוֹפוֹרוֹן. תָּנֵי רַבִּי חִיָּא עוֹבֵד כּוֹכָבִים שֶׁגֵּרַשׁ אֶת אִשְׁתּוֹ וְהָלְכָה וְנִשַֹּׂאת לְאַחֵר וְהָלְכוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם וְנִתְגַיְּרוּ, אֵינִי קוֹרֵא עָלָיו (דברים כד, ד): לֹא יוּכַל בַּעֲלָהּ הָרִאשׁוֹן אֲשֶׁר שִׁלְחָהּ וגו', רַבִּי אַחָא בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי חֲנִינָא בַּר פָּפָּא אָמַר בְּכָל סֵפֶר מַלְאָכִי כְּתִיב ה' צְבָאוֹת, וּבְכָאן כְּתִיב אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (מלאכי ב, טז): כִּי שָׂנֵא שַׁלַּח אָמַר ה' אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, כִּבְיָכוֹל לֹא יָחוּל שְׁמוֹ אֶלָּא עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל בִּלְבָד. אָמַר רַבִּי חַגַּי בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁעָלוּ יִשְׂרָאֵל מִן הַגּוֹלָה, נִתְפַּחֲמוּ פְּנֵי הַנָּשִׁים מִן הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ וְהִנִּיחוּ אוֹתָן וְהָלְכוּ לָהֶם וְנָשְׂאוּ נָשִׁים עֲמוֹנִיּוֹת, וְהָיוּ מַקִּיפוֹת אֶת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וּבוֹכוֹת, הוּא שֶׁמַּלְאָכִי אוֹמֵר (מלאכי ב, יג): וְזֹאת שֵׁנִית תַּעֲשׂוּ, שְׁנִיָּה לְשִׁטִּים. (מלאכי ב, יג): כַּסּוֹת דִּמְעָה אֶת מִזְבַּח ה' בְּכִי וַאֲנָקָה, אָמַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מַאן קַבֵּל מֵהֶם, בְּכִי וַאֲנָקָה, מִשֶּׁגָּזַלְתָּ וְחָמַסְתָּ וְנָטַלְתָּ יָפְיָהּ מִמֶּנָּהּ אַתָּה מְשַׁלְּחָהּ, אֶתְמְהָא. וּמִנַּיִן שֶׁהֵן מֻזְהָרִין עַל גִּלּוּי עֲרָיוֹת כְּיִשְׂרָאֵל, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (בראשית ב, כד): וְדָבַק בְּאִשְׁתּוֹ, וְלֹא בְּאֵשֶׁת חֲבֵרוֹ, וְלֹא בְּזָכוּר, וְלֹא בִּבְהֵמָה. רַבִּי שְׁמוּאֵל וְרַבִּי אַבָּהוּ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי חֲנִינָא אָמְרוּ בֶּן נֹחַ שֶׁבָּא עַל אִשְׁתּוֹ שֶׁלֹא כְּדַרְכָּהּ חַיָּב מִיתָה. אָמַר רַבִּי אַסֵּי כָּל אִסּוּר שֶׁכָּתוּב בִּבְנֵי נֹחַ לֹא בַּעֲשֵׂה, וְלֹא בְּלֹא תַעֲשֶׂה, אֶלָּא בְּמִיתָה, וְהֵיאַךְ עֲבִידָא (בראשית ב, כד): וְדָבַק בְּאִשְׁתּוֹ וְהָיוּ לְבָשָׂר אֶחָד לְמָקוֹם שֶׁשְּׁנֵיהֶם עוֹשִׂים בָּשָׂר אֶחָד.

"Therefore a man will abandon." It was taught: a convert that converted and was married to his sister, whether from the mother or the father - it is acceptable, according to Rabbi Meir. The Sages say: from the mother it is acceptable, from the father, it must be established that he does not worship idols. A refutation arose: does it not say: "And moreover, she is my sister, the daughter of my father..." (Genesis 20:12)! He said to them: reply to them by their own reasoning. Rabbi Meir refuted: "Therefore a man will abandon his father and his mother" (Genesis 2:24). Rabbi Yochanan said: they explained this verse "therefore a man will abandon his father and his mother" the one who supports his father, the one who supports his mother. Rabbi Abahu refuted: does it not say: "And Amram took Yocheved his cousin" (Exodus 6:20)! Rabbi Shimon the son of Rabbi Abahu said: from here would we learn that at the time of the children of Noah, Israel acted differently, before the giving of the Torah!? Rabbi Levi said: we explain the verse "therefore a man will abandon..." the one who is supported by his father, or by his mother. Rabbi Abahu in the name of Rabbi Yochanan said: the children of Noah, in matters of marriage are obligated, in matters of engagement are not. Rabbi Yonah in the name of Rabbi Shmuel said: if a whore is in the marketplace, and two men come to her, the first is exempt and the second is liable, because he was sleeping with a married woman. Did the first one intend to acquire her [as a wife]?! It is said: intercourse at the time of the children of Noah acquires, even not in the way of [later] Judaism. And how do we know that they did not divorce? Rabbi Yehuda in the name of Rabbi Simon and Rabbi Chanin in the name of Rabbi Yochanan said: they did not divorce, or they both divorced each other. Rabbi Yochanan said: his wife divorced him and gave him a bill of divorce. Rabbi Hiyya taught: an idol-worshipper that divorced his wife, and she went and married someone else, and then they both went and converted to Judaism, I do not apply to them the verse "The first husband that sent her away cannot..." (Deuteronomy 24:4). Rabbi Aha in the name of Rabbi Hanina bar Pappa said: in the whole book of Malachi it is written 'Hashem, Lord of Hosts' but here it is written 'the God of Israel' as it says: "For I hate sending away, said Hashem, God of Israel" (Malachi 2:16) - as if to say, God's name only rests on Israel. Rabbi Haggai said: When Israel was exiled, the women's faces were blackened from the sun, and they were left and the men went and married Amonite women. They went and circled the altar, crying, as Malachi says: "And this do a second time" (Malachi 2:13) - a second time in relation to Shittim. "Cover with tears the altar of Hashem with wailing and sighing" (ibid.), the Holy One Blessed be He said: who will accept these tears and wailing, since you stole and did violence to and took it's beauty from her, now you will send her away? And how do we know that they were fastidious about sexual impropriety like Israel? As it says: "And he cleaved to his wife" (Genesis 2:24) and not the wife of his friend, or another man, or an animal. Rabbi Shmuel and Rabbi Abahu and Rabbi Eleazar in the name of Rabbi Hanina said: a child of Noah who comes to his wife unnaturally is liable for the death penalty. Rabbi Assi said: every crime written about the children of Noah is not judged on the metric of positive and negative commandments; rather, they all require the death penalty. How do we know this? "And he cleaved to his wife and they became as one flesh" (ibid.).

6 ו

וַיִּהְיוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם עֲרוּמִּים (בראשית ב, כה), אָמַר רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר שְׁלשָׁה הֵן שֶׁלֹא הִמְתִּינוּ בְּשַׁלְוָתָן שֵׁשׁ שָׁעוֹת וְאֵלּוּ הֵן, אָדָם, וְיִשְׂרָאֵל, וְסִיסְרָא. אָדָם, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (בראשית ב, כה): וְלֹא יִתְבּוֹשָׁשׁוּ, לֹא בָאוּ שֵׁשׁ שָׁעוֹת וְהוּא בְּשַׁלְוָתוֹ. וְיִשְׂרָאֵל, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שמות לב, א): וַיַּרְא הָעָם כִּי בשֵׁשׁ משֶׁה, כִּי בָאוּ שֵׁשׁ שָׁעוֹת וְלֹא בָא משֶׁה. סִיסְרָא, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שופטים ה, כח): מַדּוּעַ בּשֵׁשׁ רִכְבּוֹ לָבוֹא, בְּכָל יוֹם הָיָה לָמוּד לָבוֹא בְּשָׁלשׁ שָׁעוֹת בְּאַרְבַּע שָׁעוֹת, וְעַכְשָׁיו בָּאוּ שֵׁשׁ שָׁעוֹת וְלֹא בָא, הֱוֵי וְלֹא יִתְבּוֹשָׁשׁוּ. וְהַנָּחָשׁ הָיָה עָרוּם (בראשית ג, א), לֹא הָיָה צָרִיךְ קְרָא לוֹמַר אֶלָּא (בראשית ג, כא): וַיַּעַשׂ ה' אֱלֹהִים לְאָדָם וּלְאִשְׁתּוֹ וגו', אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן קָרְחָה לְהוֹדִיעֲךָ מֵאֵי זוֹ חַטָּיָה קָפַץ עֲלֵיהֶם אוֹתוֹ הָרָשָׁע, מִתּוֹךְ שֶׁרָאָה אוֹתָן מִתְעַסְּקִין בְּדֶרֶךְ אֶרֶץ וְנִתְאַוָּה לָהּ. אָמַר רַבִּי יַעֲקֹב דִּכְפַר חָנִין שֶׁלֹא לְהַפְסִיק בְּפָרָשָׁתוֹ שֶׁל נָחָשׁ.

"And they were both naked." Rabbi Eleazar said: there were three who did not wait for their contentment even six hours, and these are they: Adam, and Israel, and Sisra. Adam, as it says: "and they were not embarrassed" (Genesis 2:25) - six hours had not passed, and he was content. Israel, as it says: "And the nation saw that Moses delayed" (Exodus 32:1), when six hours had passed and Moses had not appeared. Sisra, as it says: "Why does his chariot delay in coming?" (Judges 5:28) - every day he would come in three or four hours, and today six hours have past and he is not here - these are all cases related to "and they were not embarrassed." "And the snake was crafty" (Genesis 3:1) - the text only needed to continue with "And Hashem God made for Adam and his wife..." (Genesis 3:21). Rabbi Yehoshua ben Karchah said: to teach you which temptation the snake sprung on them - he saw them engaged in the way of the world, and desired here. Rabbi Yaakov of the village of Hannin said: to not pause the story of the snake.

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