« Mishnah Tamid
Mishnah Tamid 2:3 משנה תמיד
His brothers [the other Kohanim] saw him go down [from the altar] and they would run; they hurried and sanctified their hands and feet from the laver [and] take the large forks [used for moving sacrificial parts] and the shovels [used to scoop ash] and they would go up to the top of the altar. The limbs and the fats that weren't consumed [by the fire] the previous evening, they would push them to the sides of the altar. If the sides of the altar could not hold them, they would arrange them around the altar [on the ledge surrounding it]. רָאוּהוּ אֶחָיו שֶׁיָּרַד, וְהֵם רָצוּ וּבָאוּ, מִהֲרוּ וְקִדְּשׁוּ יְדֵיהֶן וְרַגְלֵיהֶן מִן הַכִּיּוֹר, נָטְלוּ אֶת הַמַּגְרֵפוֹת וְאֶת הַצִּנּוֹרוֹת וְעָלוּ לְרֹאשׁ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. הָאֵבָרִין וְהַפְּדָרִין שֶׁלֹּא נִתְאַכְּלוּ מִבָּעֶרֶב, סוֹנְקִין אוֹתָם לִצְדָּדֵי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. אִם אֵין הַצְּדָדִין מַחֲזִיקִין, סוֹדְרִין אוֹתָם בַּסּוֹבֵב עַל הַכֶּבֶשׁ: ...They [the Kohanim] began lifting the ash to the Tapuach [lit. apple. large ash-pile in the middle of the top of the altar]. And the Tapuach was is the middle of the altar; sometimes is was approximately 300 Kor (large Mishnaic volume). And during pilgrimage festivals, they would not remove its ash, because it was a decoration for the altar [to show that it was being used frequently]. During the days [of the temple], the Kohanim were never lazy about removing the ash. הֵחֵלּוּ מַעֲלִין בָּאֵפֶר עַל גַּבֵּי הַתַּפּוּחַ. וְתַפּוּחַ הָיָה בְאֶמְצַע הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, פְּעָמִים עָלָיו כִּשְׁלשׁ מֵאוֹת כּוֹר. וּבָרְגָלִים לֹא הָיוּ מְדַשְּׁנִין אוֹתוֹ, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא נוֹי לַמִּזְבֵּחַ. מִיָּמָיו לֹא נִתְעַצֵּל הַכֹּהֵן מִלְּהוֹצִיא אֶת הַדָּשֶׁן: They began lifting the fragments [of wood] to arrange the fire for the great fire [on the altar]. But are all trees permitted for the great fire? Yes, all trees are permitted for the great fire, except olive trees and [grape] vines. But these [trees they would] commonly use: branches of the fig tree, walnut or any oil-wood.... הֵחֵלּוּ מַעֲלִין בַּגִּזְרִין לְסַדֵּר אֵשׁ הַמַּעֲרָכָה. וְכִי כָּל הָעֵצִים כְּשֵׁרִים לַמַעֲרָכָה. הֵין. כָּל הָעֵצִים כְּשֵׁרִין לַמַּעֲרָכָה, חוּץ מִשֶּׁל זַיִת וְשֶׁל גֶּפֶן. אֲבָל בְּאֵלּוּ רְגִילִין, בְּמֻרְבִּיּוֹת שֶׁל תְּאֵנָה וְשֶׁל אֱגוֹז וְשֶׁל עֵץ שָׁמֶן: ...He would arrange the great fire towards the east, and it was looking towards the east (i.e. there was a space left in the eastern side) and the ends of the inner [western] fragments [of wood] were touching the Tapuach. And there was a space [left] between the fragments [of wood] where they would like the twigs [to start the fire]. סִדֵּר הַמַּעֲרָכָה גְדוֹלָה מִזְרָחָה, וַחֲזִיתָהּ מִזְרָחָה, וְרָאשֵׁי הַגִּזְרִין הַפְּנִימִים הָיוּ נוֹגְעִים בַּתַּפּוּחַ. וְרֶוַח הָיָה בֵּין הַגִּזְרִים שֶׁהָיוּ מַצִּיתִים אֶת הָאֲלִיתָא מִשָּׁם: ...They would select [from the wood stockpile] nice fig wood to arrange the secondary great fire [used for] incense [which was] in the south western corner [of the altar], away from the corner four Amos [Mishnaic length] towards the north. [They would put enough wood on this fire to produce] approximately five Se'ah (Mishnaic volume) of coals [during the week] and on Shabbas, eight Se'ah of coals because there they would put two vessels of frankincense [previously put upon] the Lechem HaPanim (twelve loaves of bread baked weekly for the temple). The fats that weren't consumed [by the primary fire] the previous evening [which had been temporarily placed on the sides of the altar] they would return to the [primary] great fire. They lit the two fires with fire and went down [from the altar] and went to the Lishkat HaGazit [chamber on the eastern side of the couryard]. בָּרְרוּ מִשָּׁם עֲצֵי תְאֵנָה יָפִין, לְסַדֵּר הַמַּעֲרָכָה שְׁנִיָּה לַקְּטֹרֶת מִכְּנֶגֶד קֶרֶן מַעֲרָבִית דְּרוֹמִית, מָשׁוּךְ מִן הַקֶּרֶן כְּלַפֵּי צָפוֹן אַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת, בְּעֹמֶד חָמֵשׁ סְאִים גֶּחָלִים. וּבַשַּׁבָּת בְּעֹמֶד שְׁמוֹנַת סְאִין גֶּחָלִים, שֶׁשָּׁם הָיוּ נוֹתְנִין שְׁנֵי בְזִיכֵי לְבוֹנָה שֶׁל לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים. הָאֵבָרִים וְהַפְּדָרִים שֶׁלֹּא נִתְאַכְּלוּ מִבָּעֶרֶב, מַחֲזִירִין אוֹתָן לַמַּעֲרָכָה. הִצִּיתוּ שְׁתֵּי הַמַּעֲרָכוֹת בָּאֵשׁ, וְיָרְדוּ וּבָאוּ לָהֶם לְלִשְׁכַּת הַגָּזִית:
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