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Mishnah Sotah 5.2 משנה סוטה
Just as the water checks her [the woman], so does the water check him [the cuckolder], as it says (Numbers 5:22, Numbers 5:27) "and it shall enter," "and it shall enter." Just as she is forbidden to her husband, so she is also forbidden to the cuckolder, as it says, (Numbers 5:27, Numbers 5:29) "is defiled", "and is defiled." These are the words of Rabbi Akiva. Rabbi Yehoshua says, thus would Rabbi Zechariah ben HaKatzav expound. Rebbi says, two times it is said in the section: "if she is defiled," "she is defiled," one for the husband, and one for the cuckolder. כשם שהמים בודקין אותה, כך המים בודקין אותו, שנאמר (במדבר ה) ובאו, ובאו.כשם שאסורה לבעל, כך אסורה לבועל, שנאמר (שם) נטמאה, ונטמאה, דברי רבי עקיבא.אמר רבי יהושע, כך היה דורש זכריה בן הקצב.רבי אומר, שני פעמים האמורים בפרשה אם נטמאה נטמאה, אחד לבעל ואחד לבועל. On that day [the day Rabban Gamliel was deposed from the position of Prince] Rabbi Akiva expounded, (Leviticus 11:33) "any earthenware vessel into which any of them fall, whatever is within it shall become impure." It does not say "impure" but "becomes impure" -- thus it makes others impure. This teaches that a loaf of second-degree impurity can make impure a loaf to the third-degree. Rabbi Yehoshua said, who will remove the dirt from your eyes Rabban Yochanan ben Zakkai? You used to say that in the future another generation will purify a third-degree loaf, because there is no verse from the Torah that makes it impure. Now behold, Akiva your student brings a verse from the Torah that it is impure! As it says, "all that is in it becomes impure." בו ביום דרש רבי עקיבא, (ויקרא יא) וכל כלי חרש אשר יפל מהם אל תוכו כל אשר בתוכו יטמא, אינו אומר טמא אלא יטמא, לטמא אחרים, למד על ככר שני שמטמא את השלישי .אמר רבי יהושע, מי יגלה עפר מעיניך, רבן יוחנן בן זכאי, שהיית אומר, עתיד דור אחר לטהר ככר שלישי, שאין לו מקרא מן התורה שהוא טמא, והלא עקיבא תלמידך מביא לו מקרא מן התורה שהוא טמא, שנאמר, כל אשר בתוכו יטמא. On that day, Rabbi Akiva expounded: (Numbers 35:5) "You shall measure outside the city on the eastern outskirts, 2000 cubits...", and another verse says (Numbers 35:4) "... from the wall of the city and outward, 1000 cubits around." It is impossible to say 1000 cubits, for it already said 2000 cubits, and it is impossible to say 2000 cubits, for it already said 1000 cubits. How does it work? One-thousand cubits is for the open land, and 2000 cubits is the Sabbath border [the distance one can travel from the city on Sabbath]." Rabbi Eliezer, son of Rabbi Yosi the Galilian says, 1000 cubits is for the open land, and 2000 cubits is for fields and orchards. בו ביום דרש רבי עקיבא (במדבר לה) ומדתם מחוץ לעיר את פאת קדמה אלפים.באמה וגו', ומקרא אחר אומר (שם) מקיר העיר וחוצה אלף אמה סביב.אי אפשר לומר אלף אמה, שכבר נאמר אלפים אמה, ואי אפשר לומר אלפים אמה, שכבר נאמר.אלף אמה, הא כיצד, אלף אמה מגרש ואלפים אמה תחום שבת.רבי אליעזר בנו של רבי יוסי הגלילי אומר, אלף אמה מגרש ואלפים אמה שדות וכרמים. On that day, Rabbi Akiva expounded: (Exodus 15:1) "Then Moshe and the Children of Israel sang this song to God, and they spoke, saying..." It was not necessary to state, 'saying,' so what is meant by 'saying?' It means the Israel was answering each phrase after Moshe, as in the reading of Hallel, thus it says 'saying.' Rabbi Nechemiah says, like the reading of Shema, and not like the reading of Hallel. בו ביום דרש רבי עקיבא (שמות טו), אז ישיר משה ובני ישראל את השירה הזאת לה' ויאמרו לאמר, שאין תלמוד לומר לאמר, ומה תלמוד לומר לאמר, מלמד שהיו ישראל עונין אחריו של משה על כל דבר ודבר, כקורין את ההלל, לכך נאמר לאמר.רבי נחמיה אומר, כקורין את שמע ולא כקורין את ההלל. On that day, Rabbi Yehoshua ben Hyrkenos expounded: Iyov only served God from love as it says, (Job 13:15) "Though he slay me, in Him I trust." Yet still the matter is uncertain. [Does it mean] 'In Him I hope' or 'I don't hope'? We learn [however] (Job 27:5) "Until I die, I will not remove my integrity from me." This teaches that he acted out of love. Rabbi Yehoshua said, who will remove the dirt from your eyes Rabban Yochanan ben Zakkai? You used to expound all your life that Iyov only served God through fear, as it says, (Job 1:8) "A perfect and straight man, God-fearing, and turning from evil." Now behold, Yehoshua your student's student teaches that he acted through love! בו ביום דרש רבי יהושע בן הרקנוס, לא עבד איוב את הקדוש ברוך הוא אלא מאהבה, שנאמר (איוב יג) הן יקטלני לו איחל.ועדין הדבר שקול, לו אני מצפה או איני מצפה, תלמוד לומר (שם כז) עד אגוע לא אסיר תמתי ממני, מלמד שמאהבה עשה.אמר רבי יהושע, מי יגלה עפר מעיניך, רבן יוחנן בן זכאי, שהיית דורש כל ימיך שלא עבד איוב את המקום אלא מיראה, שנאמר (שם א) איש תם וישר ירא אלהים וסר מרע, והלא יהושע תלמיד תלמידך למד שמאהבה עשה.
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